Plots with different scales#

Two plots on the same Axes with different left and right scales.

The trick is to use two different Axes that share the same x axis. You can use separate matplotlib.ticker formatters and locators as desired since the two Axes are independent.

Such Axes are generated by calling the Axes.twinx method. Likewise, Axes.twiny is available to generate Axes that share a y axis but have different top and bottom scales.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# Create some mock data
t = np.arange(0.01, 10.0, 0.01)
data1 = np.exp(t)
data2 = np.sin(2 * np.pi * t)

fig, ax1 = plt.subplots()

color = 'tab:red'
ax1.set_xlabel('time (s)')
ax1.set_ylabel('exp', color=color)
ax1.plot(t, data1, color=color)
ax1.tick_params(axis='y', labelcolor=color)

ax2 = ax1.twinx()  # instantiate a second Axes that shares the same x-axis

color = 'tab:blue'
ax2.set_ylabel('sin', color=color)  # we already handled the x-label with ax1
ax2.plot(t, data2, color=color)
ax2.tick_params(axis='y', labelcolor=color)

fig.tight_layout()  # otherwise the right y-label is slightly clipped
two scales


The use of the following functions, methods, classes and modules is shown in this example:

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