Colorbar Tick Labelling#

Vertical colorbars have ticks, tick labels, and labels visible on the y axis, horizontal colorbars on the x axis. The ticks parameter can be used to set the ticks and the format parameter can be used to format the tick labels of the visible colorbar Axes. For further adjustments, the yaxis or xaxis Axes of the colorbar can be retrieved using its ax property.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

import matplotlib.ticker as mticker

# Fixing random state for reproducibility
rng = np.random.default_rng(seed=19680801)

Make plot with vertical (default) colorbar

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

data = rng.standard_normal((250, 250))

cax = ax.imshow(data, vmin=-1, vmax=1, cmap='coolwarm')
ax.set_title('Gaussian noise with vertical colorbar')

# Add colorbar, make sure to specify tick locations to match desired ticklabels
cbar = fig.colorbar(cax,
                    ticks=[-1, 0, 1],
                    format=mticker.FixedFormatter(['< -1', '0', '> 1']),
labels =
Gaussian noise with vertical colorbar

Make plot with horizontal colorbar

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

data = np.clip(data, -1, 1)

cax = ax.imshow(data, cmap='afmhot')
ax.set_title('Gaussian noise with horizontal colorbar')

# Add colorbar and adjust ticks afterwards
cbar = fig.colorbar(cax, orientation='horizontal')
cbar.set_ticks(ticks=[-1, 0, 1], labels=['Low', 'Medium', 'High'])
Gaussian noise with horizontal colorbar


The use of the following functions, methods, classes and modules is shown in this example:

Total running time of the script: (0 minutes 1.325 seconds)

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