Animated histogram#

Use histogram's BarContainer to draw a bunch of rectangles for an animated histogram.

import functools

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

import matplotlib.animation as animation

# Setting up a random number generator with a fixed state for reproducibility.
rng = np.random.default_rng(seed=19680801)
# Fixing bin edges.
HIST_BINS = np.linspace(-4, 4, 100)

# Histogram our data with numpy.
data = rng.standard_normal(1000)
n, _ = np.histogram(data, HIST_BINS)

To animate the histogram, we need an animate function, which generates a random set of numbers and updates the heights of rectangles. The animate function updates the Rectangle patches on an instance of BarContainer.

def animate(frame_number, bar_container):
    # Simulate new data coming in.
    data = rng.standard_normal(1000)
    n, _ = np.histogram(data, HIST_BINS)
    for count, rect in zip(n, bar_container.patches):

    return bar_container.patches

Using hist() allows us to get an instance of BarContainer, which is a collection of Rectangle instances. Since FuncAnimation will only pass the frame number parameter to the animation function, we use functools.partial to fix the bar_container parameter.

# Output generated via `matplotlib.animation.Animation.to_jshtml`.

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
_, _, bar_container = ax.hist(data, HIST_BINS, lw=1,
                              ec="yellow", fc="green", alpha=0.5)
ax.set_ylim(top=55)  # set safe limit to ensure that all data is visible.

anim = functools.partial(animate, bar_container=bar_container)
ani = animation.FuncAnimation(fig, anim, 50, repeat=False, blit=True)

Tags: plot-type: histogram animation

Total running time of the script: (0 minutes 7.764 seconds)

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