Resampling Data#

Downsampling lowers the sample rate or sample size of a signal. In this tutorial, the signal is downsampled when the plot is adjusted through dragging and zooming.


This example exercises the interactive capabilities of Matplotlib, and this will not appear in the static documentation. Please run this code on your machine to see the interactivity.

You can copy and paste individual parts, or download the entire example using the link at the bottom of the page.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# A class that will downsample the data and recompute when zoomed.
class DataDisplayDownsampler:
    def __init__(self, xdata, ydata):
        self.origYData = ydata
        self.origXData = xdata
        self.max_points = 50 = xdata[-1] - xdata[0]

    def downsample(self, xstart, xend):
        # get the points in the view range
        mask = (self.origXData > xstart) & (self.origXData < xend)
        # dilate the mask by one to catch the points just outside
        # of the view range to not truncate the line
        mask = np.convolve([1, 1, 1], mask, mode='same').astype(bool)
        # sort out how many points to drop
        ratio = max(np.sum(mask) // self.max_points, 1)

        # mask data
        xdata = self.origXData[mask]
        ydata = self.origYData[mask]

        # downsample data
        xdata = xdata[::ratio]
        ydata = ydata[::ratio]

        print(f"using {len(ydata)} of {np.sum(mask)} visible points")

        return xdata, ydata

    def update(self, ax):
        # Update the line
        lims = ax.viewLim
        if abs(lims.width - > 1e-8:
   = lims.width
            xstart, xend = lims.intervalx
            self.line.set_data(*self.downsample(xstart, xend))

# Create a signal
xdata = np.linspace(16, 365, (365-16)*4)
ydata = np.sin(2*np.pi*xdata/153) + np.cos(2*np.pi*xdata/127)

d = DataDisplayDownsampler(xdata, ydata)

fig, ax = plt.subplots()

# Hook up the line
d.line, = ax.plot(xdata, ydata, 'o-')
ax.set_autoscale_on(False)  # Otherwise, infinite loop

# Connect for changing the view limits
ax.callbacks.connect('xlim_changed', d.update)
ax.set_xlim(16, 365)

Tags: interactivity: zoom event-handling

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