# backend_cairo#

## A Cairo backend for Matplotlib#

Author:

Steve Chaplin and others

This backend depends on cairocffi or pycairo.

matplotlib.backends.backend_cairo.FigureCanvas[source]#

alias of FigureCanvasCairo

class matplotlib.backends.backend_cairo.FigureCanvasCairo(figure=None)[source]#
copy_from_bbox(bbox)[source]#
get_renderer()[source]#
print_pdf(fobj, *, orientation='portrait')#
print_png(fobj)[source]#
print_ps(fobj, *, orientation='portrait')#
print_raw(fobj)[source]#
print_rgba(fobj)[source]#
print_svg(fobj, *, orientation='portrait')#
print_svgz(fobj, *, orientation='portrait')#
restore_region(region)[source]#
class matplotlib.backends.backend_cairo.GraphicsContextCairo(renderer)[source]#
get_rgb()[source]#

Return a tuple of three or four floats from 0-1.

restore()[source]#

Restore the graphics context from the stack - needed only for backends that save graphics contexts on a stack.

set_alpha(alpha)[source]#

Set the alpha value used for blending - not supported on all backends.

If alpha=None (the default), the alpha components of the foreground and fill colors will be used to set their respective transparencies (where applicable); otherwise, alpha will override them.

set_antialiased(b)[source]#

Set whether object should be drawn with antialiased rendering.

set_capstyle(cs)[source]#

Set how to draw endpoints of lines.

Parameters:
csCapStyle or {'butt', 'projecting', 'round'}
set_clip_path(path)[source]#

Set the clip path to a TransformedPath or None.

set_clip_rectangle(rectangle)[source]#

Set the clip rectangle to a Bbox or None.

set_dashes(offset, dashes)[source]#

Set the dash style for the gc.

Parameters:
dash_offsetfloat

Distance, in points, into the dash pattern at which to start the pattern. It is usually set to 0.

dash_listarray-like or None

The on-off sequence as points. None specifies a solid line. All values must otherwise be non-negative ($$\ge 0$$).

Notes

set_foreground(fg, isRGBA=None)[source]#

Set the foreground color.

Parameters:
fgcolor
isRGBAbool

If fg is known to be an (r, g, b, a) tuple, isRGBA can be set to True to improve performance.

set_joinstyle(js)[source]#

Set how to draw connections between line segments.

Parameters:
jsJoinStyle or {'miter', 'round', 'bevel'}
set_linewidth(w)[source]#

Set the linewidth in points.

class matplotlib.backends.backend_cairo.RendererCairo(dpi)[source]#

Bases: RendererBase

draw_image(gc, x, y, im)[source]#

Draw an RGBA image.

Parameters:
gcGraphicsContextBase

A graphics context with clipping information.

xscalar

The distance in physical units (i.e., dots or pixels) from the left hand side of the canvas.

yscalar

The distance in physical units (i.e., dots or pixels) from the bottom side of the canvas.

im(N, M, 4) array-like of np.uint8

An array of RGBA pixels.

transformmatplotlib.transforms.Affine2DBase

If and only if the concrete backend is written such that option_scale_image returns True, an affine transformation (i.e., an Affine2DBase) may be passed to draw_image. The translation vector of the transformation is given in physical units (i.e., dots or pixels). Note that the transformation does not override x and y, and has to be applied before translating the result by x and y (this can be accomplished by adding x and y to the translation vector defined by transform).

draw_markers(gc, marker_path, marker_trans, path, transform, rgbFace=None)[source]#

Draw a marker at each of path's vertices (excluding control points).

The base (fallback) implementation makes multiple calls to draw_path. Backends may want to override this method in order to draw the marker only once and reuse it multiple times.

Parameters:
gcGraphicsContextBase

The graphics context.

marker_transmatplotlib.transforms.Transform

An affine transform applied to the marker.

transmatplotlib.transforms.Transform

An affine transform applied to the path.

draw_path(gc, path, transform, rgbFace=None)[source]#

Draw a Path instance using the given affine transform.

draw_text(gc, x, y, s, prop, angle, ismath=False, mtext=None)[source]#

Draw a text instance.

Parameters:
gcGraphicsContextBase

The graphics context.

xfloat

The x location of the text in display coords.

yfloat

The y location of the text baseline in display coords.

sstr

The text string.

propmatplotlib.font_manager.FontProperties

The font properties.

anglefloat

The rotation angle in degrees anti-clockwise.

mtextmatplotlib.text.Text

The original text object to be rendered.

Notes

Note for backend implementers:

When you are trying to determine if you have gotten your bounding box right (which is what enables the text layout/alignment to work properly), it helps to change the line in text.py:

if 0: bbox_artist(self, renderer)


to if 1, and then the actual bounding box will be plotted along with your text.

get_canvas_width_height()[source]#

Return the canvas width and height in display coords.

get_text_width_height_descent(s, prop, ismath)[source]#

Get the width, height, and descent (offset from the bottom to the baseline), in display coords, of the string s with FontProperties prop.

new_gc()[source]#

Return an instance of a GraphicsContextBase.

points_to_pixels(points)[source]#

Convert points to display units.

You need to override this function (unless your backend doesn't have a dpi, e.g., postscript or svg). Some imaging systems assume some value for pixels per inch:

points to pixels = points * pixels_per_inch/72 * dpi/72

Parameters:
pointsfloat or array-like

a float or a numpy array of float

Returns:
Points converted to pixels
set_context(ctx)[source]#
set_ctx_from_surface(surface)[source]#

[Deprecated]

Notes

Deprecated since version 3.6: Use set_context instead.

set_width_height(width, height)[source]#

[Deprecated]

Notes

Deprecated since version 3.6: