Animated histogram#

Use histogram's BarContainer to draw a bunch of rectangles for an animated histogram.

import numpy as np

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.animation as animation

# Fixing random state for reproducibility
# Fixing bin edges
HIST_BINS = np.linspace(-4, 4, 100)

# histogram our data with numpy
data = np.random.randn(1000)
n, _ = np.histogram(data, HIST_BINS)

To animate the histogram, we need an animate function, which generates a random set of numbers and updates the heights of rectangles. We utilize a python closure to track an instance of BarContainer whose Rectangle patches we shall update.

def prepare_animation(bar_container):

    def animate(frame_number):
        # simulate new data coming in
        data = np.random.randn(1000)
        n, _ = np.histogram(data, HIST_BINS)
        for count, rect in zip(n, bar_container.patches):
        return bar_container.patches
    return animate

Using hist() allows us to get an instance of BarContainer, which is a collection of Rectangle instances. Calling prepare_animation will define animate function working with supplied BarContainer, all this is used to setup FuncAnimation.

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
_, _, bar_container = ax.hist(data, HIST_BINS, lw=1,
                              ec="yellow", fc="green", alpha=0.5)
ax.set_ylim(top=55)  # set safe limit to ensure that all data is visible.

ani = animation.FuncAnimation(fig, prepare_animation(bar_container), 50,
                              repeat=False, blit=True)

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 7.445 seconds)

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