GridSpec demo#

This example demonstrates the use of GridSpec to generate subplots, the control of the relative sizes of subplots with width_ratios and height_ratios, and the control of the spacing around and between subplots using subplot params (left, right, bottom, top, wspace, and hspace).

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from matplotlib.gridspec import GridSpec

def annotate_axes(fig):
    for i, ax in enumerate(fig.axes):
        ax.text(0.5, 0.5, "ax%d" % (i+1), va="center", ha="center")
        ax.tick_params(labelbottom=False, labelleft=False)

fig = plt.figure()
fig.suptitle("Controlling subplot sizes with width_ratios and height_ratios")

gs = GridSpec(2, 2, width_ratios=[1, 2], height_ratios=[4, 1])
ax1 = fig.add_subplot(gs[0])
ax2 = fig.add_subplot(gs[1])
ax3 = fig.add_subplot(gs[2])
ax4 = fig.add_subplot(gs[3])

Controlling subplot sizes with width_ratios and height_ratios
fig = plt.figure()
fig.suptitle("Controlling spacing around and between subplots")

gs1 = GridSpec(3, 3, left=0.05, right=0.48, wspace=0.05)
ax1 = fig.add_subplot(gs1[:-1, :])
ax2 = fig.add_subplot(gs1[-1, :-1])
ax3 = fig.add_subplot(gs1[-1, -1])

gs2 = GridSpec(3, 3, left=0.55, right=0.98, hspace=0.05)
ax4 = fig.add_subplot(gs2[:, :-1])
ax5 = fig.add_subplot(gs2[:-1, -1])
ax6 = fig.add_subplot(gs2[-1, -1])

Controlling spacing around and between subplots

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