SVG Filter LineΒΆ

Demonstrate SVG filtering effects which might be used with mpl.

Note that the filtering effects are only effective if your svg renderer support it.

svg filter line


Saving 'svg_filter_line.svg'

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.transforms as mtransforms

fig1 = plt.figure()
ax = fig1.add_axes([0.1, 0.1, 0.8, 0.8])

# draw lines
l1, = ax.plot([0.1, 0.5, 0.9], [0.1, 0.9, 0.5], "bo-",
              mec="b", lw=5, ms=10, label="Line 1")
l2, = ax.plot([0.1, 0.5, 0.9], [0.5, 0.2, 0.7], "rs-",
              mec="r", lw=5, ms=10, color="r", label="Line 2")

for l in [l1, l2]:

    # draw shadows with same lines with slight offset and gray colors.

    xx = l.get_xdata()
    yy = l.get_ydata()
    shadow, = ax.plot(xx, yy)

    # adjust color
    # adjust zorder of the shadow lines so that it is drawn below the
    # original lines
    shadow.set_zorder(l.get_zorder() - 0.5)

    # offset transform
    ot = mtransforms.offset_copy(l.get_transform(), fig1,
                                 x=4.0, y=-6.0, units='points')


    # set the id for a later use
    shadow.set_gid(l.get_label() + "_shadow")

ax.set_xlim(0., 1.)
ax.set_ylim(0., 1.)

# save the figure as a bytes string in the svg format.
from io import BytesIO
f = BytesIO()
plt.savefig(f, format="svg")

import xml.etree.ElementTree as ET

# filter definition for a gaussian blur
filter_def = """
  <defs xmlns=''
    <filter id='dropshadow' height='1.2' width='1.2'>
      <feGaussianBlur result='blur' stdDeviation='3'/>

# read in the saved svg
tree, xmlid = ET.XMLID(f.getvalue())

# insert the filter definition in the svg dom tree.
tree.insert(0, ET.XML(filter_def))

for l in [l1, l2]:
    # pick up the svg element with given id
    shadow = xmlid[l.get_label() + "_shadow"]
    # apply shadow filter
    shadow.set("filter", 'url(#dropshadow)')

fn = "svg_filter_line.svg"
print("Saving '%s'" % fn)

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery