Demo Text Rotation Mode

This example illustrates the effect of rotation_mode on the positioning of rotated text.

Rotated Texts are created by passing the parameter rotation to the constructor or the axes' method text.

The actual positioning depends on the additional parameters horizontalalignment, verticalalignment and rotation_mode. rotation_mode determines the order of rotation and alignment:

  • rotation_mode='default' (or None) first rotates the text and then aligns the bounding box of the rotated text.
  • rotation_mode='anchor' aligns the unrotated text and then rotates the text around the point of alignment.
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from mpl_toolkits.axes_grid1.axes_grid import ImageGrid

def test_rotation_mode(fig, mode, subplot_location):
    ha_list = ["left", "center", "right"]
    va_list = ["top", "center", "baseline", "bottom"]
    grid = ImageGrid(fig, subplot_location,
                     nrows_ncols=(len(va_list), len(ha_list)),
                     share_all=True, aspect=True, cbar_mode=None)

    # labels and title
    for ha, ax in zip(ha_list, grid.axes_row[-1]):
    for va, ax in zip(va_list, grid.axes_column[0]):
    grid.axes_row[0][1].set_title(f"rotation_mode='{mode}'", size="large")

    if mode == "default":
        kw = dict()
        kw = dict(
            bbox=dict(boxstyle="square,pad=0.", ec="none", fc="C1", alpha=0.3))

    # use a different text alignment in each axes
    texts = []
    for (va, ha), ax in zip([(x, y) for x in va_list for y in ha_list], grid):
        # prepare axes layout
        for axis in ax.axis.values():
            axis.toggle(ticks=False, ticklabels=False)
        ax.axvline(0.5, color="skyblue", zorder=0)
        ax.axhline(0.5, color="skyblue", zorder=0)
        ax.plot(0.5, 0.5, color="C0", marker="o", zorder=1)

        # add text with rotation and alignment settings
        tx = ax.text(0.5, 0.5, "Tpg",
                     size="x-large", rotation=40,
                     horizontalalignment=ha, verticalalignment=va,
                     rotation_mode=mode, **kw)

    if mode == "default":
        # highlight bbox
        for ax, tx in zip(grid, texts):
            bb = tx.get_window_extent().transformed(ax.transData.inverted())
            rect = plt.Rectangle((bb.x0, bb.y0), bb.width, bb.height,
                                 facecolor="C1", alpha=0.3, zorder=2)

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(8, 6))
test_rotation_mode(fig, "default", 121)
test_rotation_mode(fig, "anchor", 122)
rotation_mode='default', rotation_mode='anchor'


The use of the following method is shown in this example:

import matplotlib


<function Axes.text at 0x7fba54b42dc0>

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 1.598 seconds)

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery