Note

Click here to download the full example code

# Animated histogramΒΆ

Use a path patch to draw a bunch of rectangles for an animated histogram.

```
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.patches as patches
import matplotlib.path as path
import matplotlib.animation as animation
# Fixing random state for reproducibility
np.random.seed(19680801)
# histogram our data with numpy
data = np.random.randn(1000)
n, bins = np.histogram(data, 100)
# get the corners of the rectangles for the histogram
left = np.array(bins[:-1])
right = np.array(bins[1:])
bottom = np.zeros(len(left))
top = bottom + n
nrects = len(left)
```

Here comes the tricky part -- we have to set up the vertex and path codes
arrays using `Path.MOVETO`

, `Path.LINETO`

and `Path.CLOSEPOLY`

for each
rect.

- We need 1
`MOVETO`

per rectangle, which sets the initial point. - We need 3
`LINETO`

's, which tell Matplotlib to draw lines from vertex 1 to vertex 2, v2 to v3, and v3 to v4. - We then need one
`CLOSEPOLY`

which tells Matplotlib to draw a line from the v4 to our initial vertex (the`MOVETO`

vertex), in order to close the polygon.

Note

The vertex for `CLOSEPOLY`

is ignored, but we still need a placeholder
in the `verts`

array to keep the codes aligned with the vertices.

```
nverts = nrects * (1 + 3 + 1)
verts = np.zeros((nverts, 2))
codes = np.ones(nverts, int) * path.Path.LINETO
codes[0::5] = path.Path.MOVETO
codes[4::5] = path.Path.CLOSEPOLY
verts[0::5, 0] = left
verts[0::5, 1] = bottom
verts[1::5, 0] = left
verts[1::5, 1] = top
verts[2::5, 0] = right
verts[2::5, 1] = top
verts[3::5, 0] = right
verts[3::5, 1] = bottom
```

To animate the histogram, we need an `animate`

function, which generates
a random set of numbers and updates the locations of the vertices for the
histogram (in this case, only the heights of each rectangle). `patch`

will
eventually be a `Patch`

object.

And now we build the `Path`

and `Patch`

instances for the histogram using
our vertices and codes. We add the patch to the `Axes`

instance, and
setup the `FuncAnimation`

with our `animate`

function.

```
fig, ax = plt.subplots()
barpath = path.Path(verts, codes)
patch = patches.PathPatch(
barpath, facecolor='green', edgecolor='yellow', alpha=0.5)
ax.add_patch(patch)
ax.set_xlim(left[0], right[-1])
ax.set_ylim(bottom.min(), top.max())
ani = animation.FuncAnimation(fig, animate, 100, repeat=False, blit=True)
plt.show()
```

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery