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Connect Simple01ΒΆ

A ConnectionPatch can be used to draw a line (possibly with arrow head) between points defined in different coordinate systems and/or axes.

from matplotlib.patches import ConnectionPatch
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

fig, (ax1, ax2) = plt.subplots(1, 2, figsize=(6, 3))

# Draw a simple arrow between two points in axes coordinates
# within a single axes.
xyA = (0.2, 0.2)
xyB = (0.8, 0.8)
coordsA = "data"
coordsB = "data"
con = ConnectionPatch(xyA, xyB, coordsA, coordsB,
                      arrowstyle="-|>", shrinkA=5, shrinkB=5,
                      mutation_scale=20, fc="w")
ax1.plot([xyA[0], xyB[0]], [xyA[1], xyB[1]], "o")

# Draw an arrow between the same point in data coordinates,
# but in different axes.
xy = (0.3, 0.2)
coordsA = "data"
coordsB = "data"
con = ConnectionPatch(xyA=xy, xyB=xy, coordsA=coordsA, coordsB=coordsB,
                      axesA=ax2, axesB=ax1,
                      arrowstyle="->", shrinkB=5)

# Draw a line between the different points, defined in different coordinate
# systems.
xyA = (0.6, 1.0)  # in axes coordinates
xyB = (0.0, 0.2)  # x in axes coordinates, y in data coordinates
coordsA = "axes fraction"
coordsB = ax2.get_yaxis_transform()
con = ConnectionPatch(xyA=xyA, xyB=xyB, coordsA=coordsA, coordsB=coordsB,

ax1.set_xlim(0, 1)
ax1.set_ylim(0, 1)
ax2.set_xlim(0, .5)
ax2.set_ylim(0, .5)

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