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Make a bar plot.

Make a bar plot with rectangles bounded by:

left, left + width, bottom, bottom + height
(left, right, bottom and top edges)

left : sequence of scalars

the x coordinates of the left sides of the bars

height : sequence of scalars

the heights of the bars

width : scalar or array-like, optional

the width(s) of the bars default: 0.8

bottom : scalar or array-like, optional

the y coordinate(s) of the bars default: None

color : scalar or array-like, optional

the colors of the bar faces

edgecolor : scalar or array-like, optional

the colors of the bar edges

linewidth : scalar or array-like, optional

width of bar edge(s). If None, use default linewidth; If 0, don’t draw edges. default: None

tick_label : string or array-like, optional

the tick labels of the bars default: None

xerr : scalar or array-like, optional

if not None, will be used to generate errorbar(s) on the bar chart default: None

yerr : scalar or array-like, optional

if not None, will be used to generate errorbar(s) on the bar chart default: None

ecolor : scalar or array-like, optional

specifies the color of errorbar(s) default: None

capsize : scalar, optional

determines the length in points of the error bar caps default: None, which will take the value from the errorbar.capsize rcParam.

error_kw : dict, optional

dictionary of kwargs to be passed to errorbar method. ecolor and capsize may be specified here rather than as independent kwargs.

align : {‘center’, ‘edge’}, optional

If ‘edge’, aligns bars by their left edges (for vertical bars) and by their bottom edges (for horizontal bars). If ‘center’, interpret the left argument as the coordinates of the centers of the bars. To align on the align bars on the right edge pass a negative width.

orientation : {‘vertical’, ‘horizontal’}, optional

The orientation of the bars.

log : boolean, optional

If true, sets the axis to be log scale. default: False


bars : matplotlib.container.BarContainer

Container with all of the bars + errorbars

See also

Plot a horizontal bar plot.


The optional arguments color, edgecolor, linewidth, xerr, and yerr can be either scalars or sequences of length equal to the number of bars. This enables you to use bar as the basis for stacked bar charts, or candlestick plots. Detail: xerr and yerr are passed directly to errorbar(), so they can also have shape 2xN for independent specification of lower and upper errors.

Other optional kwargs:

Property Description
agg_filter unknown
alpha float or None
animated [True | False]
antialiased or aa [True | False] or None for default
axes an Axes instance
capstyle [‘butt’ | ‘round’ | ‘projecting’]
clip_box a matplotlib.transforms.Bbox instance
clip_on [True | False]
clip_path [ (Path, Transform) | Patch | None ]
color matplotlib color spec
contains a callable function
edgecolor or ec mpl color spec, None, ‘none’, or ‘auto’
facecolor or fc mpl color spec, or None for default, or ‘none’ for no color
figure a matplotlib.figure.Figure instance
fill [True | False]
gid an id string
hatch [‘/’ | ‘\’ | ‘|’ | ‘-‘ | ‘+’ | ‘x’ | ‘o’ | ‘O’ | ‘.’ | ‘*’]
joinstyle [‘miter’ | ‘round’ | ‘bevel’]
label string or anything printable with ‘%s’ conversion.
linestyle or ls [‘solid’ | ‘dashed’, ‘dashdot’, ‘dotted’ | (offset, on-off-dash-seq) | '-' | '--' | '-.' | ':' | 'None' | ' ' | '']
linewidth or lw float or None for default
path_effects unknown
picker [None|float|boolean|callable]
rasterized [True | False | None]
sketch_params unknown
snap unknown
transform Transform instance
url a url string
visible [True | False]
zorder any number


Example: A stacked bar chart.

(Source code, png, pdf)



In addition to the above described arguments, this function can take a data keyword argument. If such a data argument is given, the following arguments are replaced by data[<arg>]:

  • All arguments with the following names: ‘bottom’, ‘color’, ‘ecolor’, ‘edgecolor’, ‘height’, ‘left’, ‘linewidth’, ‘tick_label’, ‘width’, ‘xerr’, ‘yerr’.