Version 3.0.2
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CanvasAgg demo

This example shows how to use the agg backend directly to create images, which may be of use to web application developers who want full control over their code without using the pyplot interface to manage figures, figure closing etc.

Note

It is not necessary to avoid using the pyplot interface in order to create figures without a graphical front-end - simply setting the backend to "Agg" would be sufficient.

In this example, we show how to save the contents of the agg canvas to a file, and how to extract them to a string, which can in turn be passed off to PIL or put in a numpy array. The latter functionality allows e.g. to use Matplotlib inside a cgi-script without needing to write a figure to disk.

from matplotlib.backends.backend_agg import FigureCanvasAgg
from matplotlib.figure import Figure
import numpy as np

fig = Figure(figsize=(5, 4), dpi=100)
# A canvas must be manually attached to the figure (pyplot would automatically
# do it).  This is done by instantiating the canvas with the figure as
# argument.
canvas = FigureCanvasAgg(fig)

# Do some plotting.
ax = fig.add_subplot(111)
ax.plot([1, 2, 3])

# Option 1: Save the figure to a file; can also be a file-like object (BytesIO,
# etc.).
fig.savefig("test.png")

# Option 2: Save the figure to a string.
canvas.draw()
s, (width, height) = canvas.print_to_buffer()

# Option 2a: Convert to a NumPy array.
X = np.fromstring(s, np.uint8).reshape((height, width, 4))

# Option 2b: Pass off to PIL.
from PIL import Image
im = Image.frombytes("RGBA", (width, height), s)

# Uncomment this line to display the image using ImageMagick's `display` tool.
# im.show()

References

The use of the following functions, methods, classes and modules is shown in this example:

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery