Version 3.0.2
matplotlib
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Usetex DemoΒΆ

Shows how to use latex in a plot.

Also refer to the Text rendering With LaTeX guide.

../../_images/sphx_glr_usetex_demo_001.png
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plt.rc('text', usetex=True)

# interface tracking profiles
N = 500
delta = 0.6
X = np.linspace(-1, 1, N)
plt.plot(X, (1 - np.tanh(4 * X / delta)) / 2,    # phase field tanh profiles
         X, (1.4 + np.tanh(4 * X / delta)) / 4, "C2",  # composition profile
         X, X < 0, 'k--')                        # sharp interface

# legend
plt.legend(('phase field', 'level set', 'sharp interface'),
           shadow=True, loc=(0.01, 0.48), handlelength=1.5, fontsize=16)

# the arrow
plt.annotate("", xy=(-delta / 2., 0.1), xycoords='data',
             xytext=(delta / 2., 0.1), textcoords='data',
             arrowprops=dict(arrowstyle="<->", connectionstyle="arc3"))
plt.text(0, 0.1, r'$\delta$',
         {'color': 'k', 'fontsize': 24, 'ha': 'center', 'va': 'center',
          'bbox': dict(boxstyle="round", fc="w", ec="k", pad=0.2)})

# Use tex in labels
plt.xticks((-1, 0, 1), ('$-1$', r'$\pm 0$', '$+1$'), color='k', size=20)

# Left Y-axis labels, combine math mode and text mode
plt.ylabel(r'\bf{phase field} $\phi$', {'color': 'C0', 'fontsize': 20})
plt.yticks((0, 0.5, 1), (r'\bf{0}', r'\bf{.5}', r'\bf{1}'), color='k', size=20)

# Right Y-axis labels
plt.text(1.02, 0.5, r"\bf{level set} $\phi$", {'color': 'C2', 'fontsize': 20},
         horizontalalignment='left',
         verticalalignment='center',
         rotation=90,
         clip_on=False,
         transform=plt.gca().transAxes)

# Use multiline environment inside a `text`.
# level set equations
eq1 = r"\begin{eqnarray*}" + \
      r"|\nabla\phi| &=& 1,\\" + \
      r"\frac{\partial \phi}{\partial t} + U|\nabla \phi| &=& 0 " + \
      r"\end{eqnarray*}"
plt.text(1, 0.9, eq1, {'color': 'C2', 'fontsize': 18}, va="top", ha="right")

# phase field equations
eq2 = r'\begin{eqnarray*}' + \
      r'\mathcal{F} &=& \int f\left( \phi, c \right) dV, \\ ' + \
      r'\frac{ \partial \phi } { \partial t } &=& -M_{ \phi } ' + \
      r'\frac{ \delta \mathcal{F} } { \delta \phi }' + \
      r'\end{eqnarray*}'
plt.text(0.18, 0.18, eq2, {'color': 'C0', 'fontsize': 16})

plt.text(-1, .30, r'gamma: $\gamma$', {'color': 'r', 'fontsize': 20})
plt.text(-1, .18, r'Omega: $\Omega$', {'color': 'b', 'fontsize': 20})

plt.show()

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery