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Multiprocess

Demo of using multiprocessing for generating data in one process and plotting in another.

Written by Robert Cimrman

import multiprocessing as mp
import time

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# Fixing random state for reproducibility
np.random.seed(19680801)

Processing Class

This class plots data it receives from a pipe.

class ProcessPlotter(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self.x = []
        self.y = []

    def terminate(self):
        plt.close('all')

    def call_back(self):
        while self.pipe.poll():
            command = self.pipe.recv()
            if command is None:
                self.terminate()
                return False
            else:
                self.x.append(command[0])
                self.y.append(command[1])
                self.ax.plot(self.x, self.y, 'ro')
        self.fig.canvas.draw()
        return True

    def __call__(self, pipe):
        print('starting plotter...')

        self.pipe = pipe
        self.fig, self.ax = plt.subplots()
        timer = self.fig.canvas.new_timer(interval=1000)
        timer.add_callback(self.call_back)
        timer.start()

        print('...done')
        plt.show()

Plotting class

This class uses multiprocessing to spawn a process to run code from the class above. When initialized, it creates a pipe and an instance of ProcessPlotter which will be run in a separate process.

When run from the command line, the parent process sends data to the spawned process which is then plotted via the callback function specified in ProcessPlotter:__call__.

class NBPlot(object):
    def __init__(self):
        self.plot_pipe, plotter_pipe = mp.Pipe()
        self.plotter = ProcessPlotter()
        self.plot_process = mp.Process(
            target=self.plotter, args=(plotter_pipe,), daemon=True)
        self.plot_process.start()

    def plot(self, finished=False):
        send = self.plot_pipe.send
        if finished:
            send(None)
        else:
            data = np.random.random(2)
            send(data)


def main():
    pl = NBPlot()
    for ii in range(10):
        pl.plot()
        time.sleep(0.5)
    pl.plot(finished=True)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    if plt.get_backend() == "MacOSX":
        mp.set_start_method("forkserver")
    main()

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery