Version 3.0.2
matplotlib
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Spectrogram Demo

Demo of a spectrogram plot (specgram()).

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# Fixing random state for reproducibility
np.random.seed(19680801)

dt = 0.0005
t = np.arange(0.0, 20.0, dt)
s1 = np.sin(2 * np.pi * 100 * t)
s2 = 2 * np.sin(2 * np.pi * 400 * t)

# create a transient "chirp"
mask = np.where(np.logical_and(t > 10, t < 12), 1.0, 0.0)
s2 = s2 * mask

# add some noise into the mix
nse = 0.01 * np.random.random(size=len(t))

x = s1 + s2 + nse  # the signal
NFFT = 1024  # the length of the windowing segments
Fs = int(1.0 / dt)  # the sampling frequency

fig, (ax1, ax2) = plt.subplots(nrows=2)
ax1.plot(t, x)
Pxx, freqs, bins, im = ax2.specgram(x, NFFT=NFFT, Fs=Fs, noverlap=900)
# The `specgram` method returns 4 objects. They are:
# - Pxx: the periodogram
# - freqs: the frequency vector
# - bins: the centers of the time bins
# - im: the matplotlib.image.AxesImage instance representing the data in the plot
plt.show()
../../_images/sphx_glr_specgram_demo_001.png

References

The use of the following functions, methods is shown in this example:

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