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Demo Curvelinear GridΒΆ

Custom grid and ticklines.

This example demonstrates how to use GridHelperCurveLinear to define custom grids and ticklines by applying a transformation on the grid. This can be used, as showcase on the second plot, to create polar projections in a rectangular box.

import numpy as np

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.cbook as cbook

from mpl_toolkits.axisartist import Subplot
from mpl_toolkits.axisartist import SubplotHost, \
from mpl_toolkits.axisartist.grid_helper_curvelinear import \

def curvelinear_test1(fig):
    grid for custom transform.

    def tr(x, y):
        x, y = np.asarray(x), np.asarray(y)
        return x, y - x

    def inv_tr(x, y):
        x, y = np.asarray(x), np.asarray(y)
        return x, y + x

    grid_helper = GridHelperCurveLinear((tr, inv_tr))

    ax1 = Subplot(fig, 1, 2, 1, grid_helper=grid_helper)
    # ax1 will have a ticks and gridlines defined by the given
    # transform (+ transData of the Axes). Note that the transform of
    # the Axes itself (i.e., transData) is not affected by the given
    # transform.


    xx, yy = tr([3, 6], [5.0, 10.])
    ax1.plot(xx, yy, linewidth=2.0)

    ax1.set_xlim(0, 10.)
    ax1.set_ylim(0, 10.)

    ax1.axis["t"] = ax1.new_floating_axis(0, 3.)
    ax1.axis["t2"] = ax1.new_floating_axis(1, 7.)
    ax1.grid(True, zorder=0)

import mpl_toolkits.axisartist.angle_helper as angle_helper

from matplotlib.projections import PolarAxes
from matplotlib.transforms import Affine2D

def curvelinear_test2(fig):
    polar projection, but in a rectangular box.

    # PolarAxes.PolarTransform takes radian. However, we want our coordinate
    # system in degree
    tr = Affine2D().scale(np.pi/180., 1.) + PolarAxes.PolarTransform()

    # polar projection, which involves cycle, and also has limits in
    # its coordinates, needs a special method to find the extremes
    # (min, max of the coordinate within the view).

    # 20, 20 : number of sampling points along x, y direction
    extreme_finder = angle_helper.ExtremeFinderCycle(20, 20,
                                                     lat_minmax=(0, np.inf),

    grid_locator1 = angle_helper.LocatorDMS(12)
    # Find a grid values appropriate for the coordinate (degree,
    # minute, second).

    tick_formatter1 = angle_helper.FormatterDMS()
    # And also uses an appropriate formatter.  Note that,the
    # acceptable Locator and Formatter class is a bit different than
    # that of mpl's, and you cannot directly use mpl's Locator and
    # Formatter here (but may be possible in the future).

    grid_helper = GridHelperCurveLinear(tr,

    ax1 = SubplotHost(fig, 1, 2, 2, grid_helper=grid_helper)

    # make ticklabels of right and top axis visible.

    # let right axis shows ticklabels for 1st coordinate (angle)
    ax1.axis["right"].get_helper().nth_coord_ticks = 0
    # let bottom axis shows ticklabels for 2nd coordinate (radius)
    ax1.axis["bottom"].get_helper().nth_coord_ticks = 1


    # A parasite axes with given transform
    ax2 = ParasiteAxesAuxTrans(ax1, tr, "equal")
    # note that ax2.transData == tr + ax1.transData
    # Anything you draw in ax2 will match the ticks and grids of ax1.
    intp = cbook.simple_linear_interpolation
    ax2.plot(intp(np.array([0, 30]), 50),
             intp(np.array([10., 10.]), 50),

    ax1.set_xlim(-5, 12)
    ax1.set_ylim(-5, 10)

    ax1.grid(True, zorder=0)

if 1:
    fig = plt.figure(1, figsize=(7, 4))


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