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Version 2.2.2.post1754+g0766e5365
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Multiple Yaxis With SpinesΒΆ

Create multiple y axes with a shared x axis. This is done by creating a twinx axes, turning all spines but the right one invisible and offset its position using set_position.

Note that this approach uses matplotlib.axes.Axes and their Spines. An alternative approach for parasite axes is shown in the Demo Parasite Axes and Demo Parasite Axes2 examples.

../../_images/sphx_glr_multiple_yaxis_with_spines_001.png
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt


def make_patch_spines_invisible(ax):
    ax.set_frame_on(True)
    ax.patch.set_visible(False)
    for sp in ax.spines.values():
        sp.set_visible(False)


fig, host = plt.subplots()
fig.subplots_adjust(right=0.75)

par1 = host.twinx()
par2 = host.twinx()

# Offset the right spine of par2.  The ticks and label have already been
# placed on the right by twinx above.
par2.spines["right"].set_position(("axes", 1.2))
# Having been created by twinx, par2 has its frame off, so the line of its
# detached spine is invisible.  First, activate the frame but make the patch
# and spines invisible.
make_patch_spines_invisible(par2)
# Second, show the right spine.
par2.spines["right"].set_visible(True)

p1, = host.plot([0, 1, 2], [0, 1, 2], "b-", label="Density")
p2, = par1.plot([0, 1, 2], [0, 3, 2], "r-", label="Temperature")
p3, = par2.plot([0, 1, 2], [50, 30, 15], "g-", label="Velocity")

host.set_xlim(0, 2)
host.set_ylim(0, 2)
par1.set_ylim(0, 4)
par2.set_ylim(1, 65)

host.set_xlabel("Distance")
host.set_ylabel("Density")
par1.set_ylabel("Temperature")
par2.set_ylabel("Velocity")

host.yaxis.label.set_color(p1.get_color())
par1.yaxis.label.set_color(p2.get_color())
par2.yaxis.label.set_color(p3.get_color())

tkw = dict(size=4, width=1.5)
host.tick_params(axis='y', colors=p1.get_color(), **tkw)
par1.tick_params(axis='y', colors=p2.get_color(), **tkw)
par2.tick_params(axis='y', colors=p3.get_color(), **tkw)
host.tick_params(axis='x', **tkw)

lines = [p1, p2, p3]

host.legend(lines, [l.get_label() for l in lines])

plt.show()

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery