Date tick locators and formatters#

This example illustrates the usage and effect of the various date locators and formatters.

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.ticker as ticker
from matplotlib.dates import (AutoDateLocator, YearLocator, MonthLocator,
                              DayLocator, WeekdayLocator, HourLocator,
                              MinuteLocator, SecondLocator, MicrosecondLocator,
                              RRuleLocator, rrulewrapper, MONTHLY,
                              MO, TU, WE, TH, FR, SA, SU, DateFormatter,
                              AutoDateFormatter, ConciseDateFormatter)

locators = [
    ('AutoDateLocator(maxticks=8)', '2003-02-01', '%Y-%m'),
    ('YearLocator(month=4)', '2003-02-01', '%Y-%m'),
    ('MonthLocator(bymonth=[4,8,12])', '2003-02-01', '%Y-%m'),
    ('DayLocator(interval=180)', '2003-02-01', '%Y-%m-%d'),
    ('WeekdayLocator(byweekday=SU, interval=4)', '2000-07-01', '%a %Y-%m-%d'),
    ('HourLocator(byhour=range(0,24,6))', '2000-02-04', '%H h'),
    ('MinuteLocator(interval=15)', '2000-02-01 02:00', '%H:%M'),
    ('SecondLocator(bysecond=(0,30))', '2000-02-01 00:02', '%H:%M:%S'),
    ('MicrosecondLocator(interval=1000)', '2000-02-01 00:00:00.005', '%S.%f'),
    ('RRuleLocator(rrulewrapper(freq=MONTHLY, \nbyweekday=(MO, TU, WE, TH,' +
     ' FR), bysetpos=-1))', '2000-07-01', '%Y-%m-%d')
]

formatters = [
    ('AutoDateFormatter(ax.xaxis.get_major_locator())'),
    ('ConciseDateFormatter(ax.xaxis.get_major_locator())'),
    ('DateFormatter("%b %Y")')
]


def plot_axis(ax, locator=None, xmax='2002-02-01', fmt=None, formatter=None):
    """Set up common parameters for the Axes in the example."""
    ax.spines.right.set_visible(False)
    ax.spines.left.set_visible(False)
    ax.spines.top.set_visible(False)
    ax.yaxis.set_major_locator(ticker.NullLocator())
    ax.tick_params(which='major', width=1.00, length=5)
    ax.tick_params(which='minor', width=0.75, length=2.5)
    ax.set_xlim(np.datetime64('2000-02-01'), np.datetime64(xmax))
    if locator:
        ax.xaxis.set_major_locator(eval(locator))
        ax.xaxis.set_major_formatter(DateFormatter(fmt))
    else:
        ax.xaxis.set_major_formatter(eval(formatter))
    ax.text(0.0, 0.2, locator or formatter, transform=ax.transAxes,
            fontsize=14, fontname='Monospace', color='tab:blue')


fig, ax = plt.subplots(len(locators), 1, figsize=(8, len(locators) * .8),
                       layout='constrained')
fig.suptitle('Date Locators')
for i, loc in enumerate(locators):
    plot_axis(ax[i], *loc)

fig, ax = plt.subplots(len(formatters), 1, figsize=(8, len(formatters) * .8),
                       layout='constrained')
fig.suptitle('Date Formatters')
for i, fmt in enumerate(formatters):
    plot_axis(ax[i], formatter=fmt)
  • Date Locators
  • Date Formatters

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 2.783 seconds)

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