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Rainbow text

The example shows how to string together several text objects.

History

On the matplotlib-users list back in February 2012, Gökhan Sever asked the following question:

Is there a way in matplotlib to partially specify the color of a string?

Example:

plt.ylabel("Today is cloudy.")

How can I show "today" as red, "is" as green and "cloudy." as blue?

Thanks.

Paul Ivanov responded with this answer:

../../_images/sphx_glr_rainbow_text_001.png
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from matplotlib import transforms


def rainbow_text(x, y, strings, colors, orientation='horizontal',
                 ax=None, **kwargs):
    """
    Take a list of *strings* and *colors* and place them next to each
    other, with text strings[i] being shown in colors[i].

    Parameters
    ----------
    x, y : float
        Text position in data coordinates.
    strings : list of str
        The strings to draw.
    colors : list of color
        The colors to use.
    orientation : {'horizontal', 'vertical'}
    ax : Axes, optional
        The Axes to draw into. If None, the current axes will be used.
    **kwargs
        All other keyword arguments are passed to plt.text(), so you can
        set the font size, family, etc.
    """
    if ax is None:
        ax = plt.gca()
    t = ax.transData
    canvas = ax.figure.canvas

    assert orientation in ['horizontal', 'vertical']
    if orientation == 'vertical':
        kwargs.update(rotation=90, verticalalignment='bottom')

    for s, c in zip(strings, colors):
        text = ax.text(x, y, s + " ", color=c, transform=t, **kwargs)

        # Need to draw to update the text position.
        text.draw(canvas.get_renderer())
        ex = text.get_window_extent()
        if orientation == 'horizontal':
            t = transforms.offset_copy(
                text.get_transform(), x=ex.width, units='dots')
        else:
            t = transforms.offset_copy(
                text.get_transform(), y=ex.height, units='dots')


words = "all unicorns poop rainbows ! ! !".split()
colors = ['red', 'orange', 'gold', 'lawngreen', 'lightseagreen', 'royalblue',
          'blueviolet']
plt.figure(figsize=(6, 6))
rainbow_text(0.1, 0.05, words, colors, size=18)
rainbow_text(0.05, 0.1, words, colors, orientation='vertical', size=18)

plt.show()

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery