Using a text as a Path#

TextPath creates a Path that is the outline of the characters of a text. The resulting path can be employed e.g. as a clip path for an image.

demo text path
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from matplotlib.cbook import get_sample_data
from matplotlib.image import BboxImage
from matplotlib.offsetbox import (
    AnnotationBbox, AnchoredOffsetbox, AuxTransformBox)
from matplotlib.patches import PathPatch, Shadow
from matplotlib.text import TextPath
from matplotlib.transforms import IdentityTransform
import numpy as np


class PathClippedImagePatch(PathPatch):
    """
    The given image is used to draw the face of the patch. Internally,
    it uses BboxImage whose clippath set to the path of the patch.

    FIXME : The result is currently dpi dependent.
    """

    def __init__(self, path, bbox_image, **kwargs):
        super().__init__(path, **kwargs)
        self.bbox_image = BboxImage(
            self.get_window_extent, norm=None, origin=None)
        self.bbox_image.set_data(bbox_image)

    def set_facecolor(self, color):
        """Simply ignore facecolor."""
        super().set_facecolor("none")

    def draw(self, renderer=None):
        # the clip path must be updated every draw. any solution? -JJ
        self.bbox_image.set_clip_path(self._path, self.get_transform())
        self.bbox_image.draw(renderer)
        super().draw(renderer)


if __name__ == "__main__":

    fig, (ax1, ax2) = plt.subplots(2)

    # EXAMPLE 1

    arr = plt.imread(get_sample_data("grace_hopper.jpg"))

    text_path = TextPath((0, 0), "!?", size=150)
    p = PathClippedImagePatch(text_path, arr, ec="k",
                              transform=IdentityTransform())

    # make offset box
    offsetbox = AuxTransformBox(IdentityTransform())
    offsetbox.add_artist(p)

    # make anchored offset box
    ao = AnchoredOffsetbox(loc='upper left', child=offsetbox, frameon=True,
                           borderpad=0.2)
    ax1.add_artist(ao)

    # another text
    for usetex, ypos, string in [
            (False, 0.25, r"textpath supports mathtext"),
            (True, 0.05, r"textpath supports \TeX"),
    ]:
        text_path = TextPath((0, 0), string, size=20, usetex=usetex)

        p1 = PathPatch(text_path, ec="w", lw=3, fc="w", alpha=0.9,
                       transform=IdentityTransform())
        p2 = PathPatch(text_path, ec="none", fc="k",
                       transform=IdentityTransform())

        offsetbox2 = AuxTransformBox(IdentityTransform())
        offsetbox2.add_artist(p1)
        offsetbox2.add_artist(p2)

        ab = AnnotationBbox(offsetbox2, (0.95, ypos),
                            xycoords='axes fraction',
                            boxcoords="offset points",
                            box_alignment=(1., 0.),
                            frameon=False,
                            )
        ax1.add_artist(ab)

    ax1.imshow([[0, 1, 2], [1, 2, 3]], cmap=plt.cm.gist_gray_r,
               interpolation="bilinear", aspect="auto")

    # EXAMPLE 2

    arr = np.arange(256).reshape(1, 256) / 256

    for usetex, xpos, string in [
            (False, 0.25,
             r"$\left[\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{-e^{i\pi}}{2^n}\right]$!"),
            (True, 0.75,
             r"$\displaystyle\left[\sum_{n=1}^\infty"
             r"\frac{-e^{i\pi}}{2^n}\right]$!"),
    ]:
        text_path = TextPath((0, 0), string, size=40, usetex=usetex)
        text_patch = PathClippedImagePatch(text_path, arr, ec="none",
                                           transform=IdentityTransform())

        shadow1 = Shadow(text_patch, 1, -1, fc="none", ec="0.6", lw=3)
        shadow2 = Shadow(text_patch, 1, -1, fc="0.3", ec="none")

        # make offset box
        offsetbox = AuxTransformBox(IdentityTransform())
        offsetbox.add_artist(shadow1)
        offsetbox.add_artist(shadow2)
        offsetbox.add_artist(text_patch)

        # place the anchored offset box using AnnotationBbox
        ab = AnnotationBbox(offsetbox, (xpos, 0.5),
                            xycoords='data',
                            boxcoords="offset points",
                            box_alignment=(0.5, 0.5),
                            )

        ax2.add_artist(ab)

    ax2.set_xlim(0, 1)
    ax2.set_ylim(0, 1)

    plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 3.064 seconds)

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