Auto Subplots AdjustΒΆ

Automatically adjust subplot parameters. This example shows a way to determine a subplot parameter from the extent of the ticklabels using a callback on the draw_event.

Note that a similar result would be achieved using tight_layout or set_constrained_layout; this example shows how one could customize the subplot parameter adjustment.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.transforms as mtransforms

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
ax.plot(range(10))
ax.set_yticks((2, 5, 7))
labels = ax.set_yticklabels(('really, really, really', 'long', 'labels'))


def on_draw(event):
    bboxes = []
    for label in labels:
        bbox = label.get_window_extent()
        # the figure transform goes from relative coords->pixels and we
        # want the inverse of that
        bboxi = bbox.transformed(fig.transFigure.inverted())
        bboxes.append(bboxi)
    # the bbox that bounds all the bboxes, again in relative figure coords
    bbox = mtransforms.Bbox.union(bboxes)
    if fig.subplotpars.left < bbox.width:
        # we need to move it over
        fig.subplots_adjust(left=1.1*bbox.width)  # pad a little
        fig.canvas.draw()


fig.canvas.mpl_connect('draw_event', on_draw)

plt.show()
auto subplots adjust

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