3D box surface plotΒΆ

Given data on a gridded volume X, Y, Z, this example plots the data values on the volume surfaces.

The strategy is to select the data from each surface and plot contours separately using axes3d.Axes3D.contourf with appropriate parameters zdir and offset.

box3d
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# Define dimensions
Nx, Ny, Nz = 100, 300, 500
X, Y, Z = np.meshgrid(np.arange(Nx), np.arange(Ny), -np.arange(Nz))

# Create fake data
data = (((X+100)**2 + (Y-20)**2 + 2*Z)/1000+1)

kw = {
    'vmin': data.min(),
    'vmax': data.max(),
    'levels': np.linspace(data.min(), data.max(), 10),
}

# Create a figure with 3D ax
fig = plt.figure(figsize=(5, 4))
ax = fig.add_subplot(111, projection='3d')

# Plot contour surfaces
_ = ax.contourf(
    X[:, :, 0], Y[:, :, 0], data[:, :, 0],
    zdir='z', offset=0, **kw
)
_ = ax.contourf(
    X[0, :, :], data[0, :, :], Z[0, :, :],
    zdir='y', offset=0, **kw
)
C = ax.contourf(
    data[:, -1, :], Y[:, -1, :], Z[:, -1, :],
    zdir='x', offset=X.max(), **kw
)
# --


# Set limits of the plot from coord limits
xmin, xmax = X.min(), X.max()
ymin, ymax = Y.min(), Y.max()
zmin, zmax = Z.min(), Z.max()
ax.set(xlim=[xmin, xmax], ylim=[ymin, ymax], zlim=[zmin, zmax])

# Plot edges
edges_kw = dict(color='0.4', linewidth=1, zorder=1e3)
ax.plot([xmax, xmax], [ymin, ymax], 0, **edges_kw)
ax.plot([xmin, xmax], [ymin, ymin], 0, **edges_kw)
ax.plot([xmax, xmax], [ymin, ymin], [zmin, zmax], **edges_kw)

# Set labels and zticks
ax.set(
    xlabel='X [km]',
    ylabel='Y [km]',
    zlabel='Z [m]',
    zticks=[0, -150, -300, -450],
)

# Set distance and angle view
ax.view_init(40, -30)
ax.dist = 11

# Colorbar
fig.colorbar(C, ax=ax, fraction=0.02, pad=0.1, label='Name [units]')

# Show Figure
plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 3.702 seconds)

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery