TickedStroke patheffect

Matplotlib's patheffects can be used to alter the way paths are drawn at a low enough level that they can affect almost anything.

The patheffects guide details the use of patheffects.

The TickedStroke patheffect illustrated here draws a path with a ticked style. The spacing, length, and angle of ticks can be controlled.

See also the contour demo example.

See also the contours in optimization example.

Applying TickedStroke to paths

import matplotlib.patches as patches
from matplotlib.path import Path
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.patheffects as patheffects

fig, ax = plt.subplots(figsize=(6, 6))
path = Path.unit_circle()
patch = patches.PathPatch(path, facecolor='none', lw=2, path_effects=[
    patheffects.withTickedStroke(angle=-90, spacing=10, length=1)])

ax.add_patch(patch)
ax.axis('equal')
ax.set_xlim(-2, 2)
ax.set_ylim(-2, 2)

plt.show()
tickedstroke demo

Applying TickedStroke to lines

fig, ax = plt.subplots(figsize=(6, 6))
ax.plot([0, 1], [0, 1], label="Line",
        path_effects=[patheffects.withTickedStroke(spacing=7, angle=135)])

nx = 101
x = np.linspace(0.0, 1.0, nx)
y = 0.3*np.sin(x*8) + 0.4
ax.plot(x, y, label="Curve", path_effects=[patheffects.withTickedStroke()])

ax.legend()

plt.show()
tickedstroke demo

Applying TickedStroke to contour plots

Contour plot with objective and constraints. Curves generated by contour to represent a typical constraint in an optimization problem should be plotted with angles between zero and 180 degrees.

fig, ax = plt.subplots(figsize=(6, 6))

nx = 101
ny = 105

# Set up survey vectors
xvec = np.linspace(0.001, 4.0, nx)
yvec = np.linspace(0.001, 4.0, ny)

# Set up survey matrices.  Design disk loading and gear ratio.
x1, x2 = np.meshgrid(xvec, yvec)

# Evaluate some stuff to plot
obj = x1**2 + x2**2 - 2*x1 - 2*x2 + 2
g1 = -(3*x1 + x2 - 5.5)
g2 = -(x1 + 2*x2 - 4.5)
g3 = 0.8 + x1**-3 - x2

cntr = ax.contour(x1, x2, obj, [0.01, 0.1, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16],
                  colors='black')
ax.clabel(cntr, fmt="%2.1f", use_clabeltext=True)

cg1 = ax.contour(x1, x2, g1, [0], colors='sandybrown')
plt.setp(cg1.collections,
         path_effects=[patheffects.withTickedStroke(angle=135)])

cg2 = ax.contour(x1, x2, g2, [0], colors='orangered')
plt.setp(cg2.collections,
         path_effects=[patheffects.withTickedStroke(angle=60, length=2)])

cg3 = ax.contour(x1, x2, g3, [0], colors='mediumblue')
plt.setp(cg3.collections,
         path_effects=[patheffects.withTickedStroke(spacing=7)])

ax.set_xlim(0, 4)
ax.set_ylim(0, 4)

plt.show()
tickedstroke demo

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 1.667 seconds)

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery