SVG Filter Line#

Demonstrate SVG filtering effects which might be used with Matplotlib.

Note that the filtering effects are only effective if your SVG renderer support it.

svg filter line

Out:

Saving 'svg_filter_line.svg'

import io
import xml.etree.ElementTree as ET

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.transforms as mtransforms

fig1 = plt.figure()
ax = fig1.add_axes([0.1, 0.1, 0.8, 0.8])

# draw lines
l1, = ax.plot([0.1, 0.5, 0.9], [0.1, 0.9, 0.5], "bo-",
              mec="b", lw=5, ms=10, label="Line 1")
l2, = ax.plot([0.1, 0.5, 0.9], [0.5, 0.2, 0.7], "rs-",
              mec="r", lw=5, ms=10, label="Line 2")


for l in [l1, l2]:

    # draw shadows with same lines with slight offset and gray colors.

    xx = l.get_xdata()
    yy = l.get_ydata()
    shadow, = ax.plot(xx, yy)
    shadow.update_from(l)

    # adjust color
    shadow.set_color("0.2")
    # adjust zorder of the shadow lines so that it is drawn below the
    # original lines
    shadow.set_zorder(l.get_zorder() - 0.5)

    # offset transform
    transform = mtransforms.offset_copy(l.get_transform(), fig1,
                                        x=4.0, y=-6.0, units='points')
    shadow.set_transform(transform)

    # set the id for a later use
    shadow.set_gid(l.get_label() + "_shadow")


ax.set_xlim(0., 1.)
ax.set_ylim(0., 1.)

# save the figure as a bytes string in the svg format.
f = io.BytesIO()
plt.savefig(f, format="svg")


# filter definition for a gaussian blur
filter_def = """
  <defs xmlns='http://www.w3.org/2000/svg'
        xmlns:xlink='http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink'>
    <filter id='dropshadow' height='1.2' width='1.2'>
      <feGaussianBlur result='blur' stdDeviation='3'/>
    </filter>
  </defs>
"""


# read in the saved svg
tree, xmlid = ET.XMLID(f.getvalue())

# insert the filter definition in the svg dom tree.
tree.insert(0, ET.XML(filter_def))

for l in [l1, l2]:
    # pick up the svg element with given id
    shadow = xmlid[l.get_label() + "_shadow"]
    # apply shadow filter
    shadow.set("filter", 'url(#dropshadow)')

fn = "svg_filter_line.svg"
print(f"Saving '{fn}'")
ET.ElementTree(tree).write(fn)

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