Step Demo

This example demonstrates the use of pyplot.step for piece-wise constant curves. In particular, it illustrates the effect of the parameter where on the step position.

The circular markers created with pyplot.plot show the actual data positions so that it's easier to see the effect of where.

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

x = np.arange(14)
y = np.sin(x / 2)

plt.step(x, y + 2, label='pre (default)')
plt.plot(x, y + 2, 'o--', color='grey', alpha=0.3)

plt.step(x, y + 1, where='mid', label='mid')
plt.plot(x, y + 1, 'o--', color='grey', alpha=0.3)

plt.step(x, y, where='post', label='post')
plt.plot(x, y, 'o--', color='grey', alpha=0.3)

plt.grid(axis='x', color='0.95')
plt.legend(title='Parameter where:')
plt.title('plt.step(where=...)')
plt.show()
plt.step(where=...)

The same behavior can be achieved by using the drawstyle parameter of pyplot.plot.

plt.plot(x, y + 2, drawstyle='steps', label='steps (=steps-pre)')
plt.plot(x, y + 2, 'o--', color='grey', alpha=0.3)

plt.plot(x, y + 1, drawstyle='steps-mid', label='steps-mid')
plt.plot(x, y + 1, 'o--', color='grey', alpha=0.3)

plt.plot(x, y, drawstyle='steps-post', label='steps-post')
plt.plot(x, y, 'o--', color='grey', alpha=0.3)

plt.grid(axis='x', color='0.95')
plt.legend(title='Parameter drawstyle:')
plt.title('plt.plot(drawstyle=...)')
plt.show()
plt.plot(drawstyle=...)

References

The use of the following functions, methods, classes and modules is shown in this example:

Out:

<function plot at 0x7f9f91dd0790>

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery