Looking Glass

Example using mouse events to simulate a looking glass for inspecting data.

Note

This example exercises the interactive capabilities of Matplotlib, and this will not appear in the static documentation. Please run this code on your machine to see the interactivity.

You can copy and paste individual parts, or download the entire example using the link at the bottom of the page.

Left click and drag to move looking glass
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.patches as patches

# Fixing random state for reproducibility
np.random.seed(19680801)

x, y = np.random.rand(2, 200)

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
circ = patches.Circle((0.5, 0.5), 0.25, alpha=0.8, fc='yellow')
ax.add_patch(circ)


ax.plot(x, y, alpha=0.2)
line, = ax.plot(x, y, alpha=1.0, clip_path=circ)
ax.set_title("Left click and drag to move looking glass")


class EventHandler:
    def __init__(self):
        fig.canvas.mpl_connect('button_press_event', self.on_press)
        fig.canvas.mpl_connect('button_release_event', self.on_release)
        fig.canvas.mpl_connect('motion_notify_event', self.on_move)
        self.x0, self.y0 = circ.center
        self.pressevent = None

    def on_press(self, event):
        if event.inaxes != ax:
            return

        if not circ.contains(event)[0]:
            return

        self.pressevent = event

    def on_release(self, event):
        self.pressevent = None
        self.x0, self.y0 = circ.center

    def on_move(self, event):
        if self.pressevent is None or event.inaxes != self.pressevent.inaxes:
            return

        dx = event.xdata - self.pressevent.xdata
        dy = event.ydata - self.pressevent.ydata
        circ.center = self.x0 + dx, self.y0 + dy
        line.set_clip_path(circ)
        fig.canvas.draw()

handler = EventHandler()
plt.show()

Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery