Demo Axes Grid#

Grid of 2x2 images with a single colorbar or with one colorbar per axes.

demo axes grid
from matplotlib import cbook
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from mpl_toolkits.axes_grid1 import ImageGrid


Z = cbook.get_sample_data(  # (15, 15) array
    "axes_grid/bivariate_normal.npy", np_load=True)
extent = (-3, 4, -4, 3)


fig = plt.figure(figsize=(10.5, 2.5))
fig.subplots_adjust(left=0.05, right=0.95)


# A grid of 2x2 images with 0.05 inch pad between images and only the
# lower-left axes is labeled.
grid = ImageGrid(
    fig, 141,  # similar to fig.add_subplot(141).
     nrows_ncols=(2, 2), axes_pad=0.05, label_mode="1")
for ax in grid:
    ax.imshow(Z, extent=extent)
# This only affects axes in first column and second row as share_all=False.
grid.axes_llc.set_xticks([-2, 0, 2])
grid.axes_llc.set_yticks([-2, 0, 2])


# A grid of 2x2 images with a single colorbar
grid = ImageGrid(
    fig, 142,  # similar to fig.add_subplot(142).
    nrows_ncols=(2, 2), axes_pad=0.0, label_mode="L", share_all=True,
    cbar_location="top", cbar_mode="single")
for ax in grid:
    im = ax.imshow(Z, extent=extent)
grid.cbar_axes[0].colorbar(im)
for cax in grid.cbar_axes:
    cax.toggle_label(False)
# This affects all axes as share_all = True.
grid.axes_llc.set_xticks([-2, 0, 2])
grid.axes_llc.set_yticks([-2, 0, 2])


# A grid of 2x2 images. Each image has its own colorbar.
grid = ImageGrid(
    fig, 143,  # similar to fig.add_subplot(143).
    nrows_ncols=(2, 2), axes_pad=0.1, label_mode="1", share_all=True,
    cbar_location="top", cbar_mode="each", cbar_size="7%", cbar_pad="2%")
for ax, cax in zip(grid, grid.cbar_axes):
    im = ax.imshow(Z, extent=extent)
    cax.colorbar(im)
    cax.toggle_label(False)
# This affects all axes because we set share_all = True.
grid.axes_llc.set_xticks([-2, 0, 2])
grid.axes_llc.set_yticks([-2, 0, 2])


# A grid of 2x2 images. Each image has its own colorbar.
grid = ImageGrid(
    fig, 144,  # similar to fig.add_subplot(144).
    nrows_ncols=(2, 2), axes_pad=(0.45, 0.15), label_mode="1", share_all=True,
    cbar_location="right", cbar_mode="each", cbar_size="7%", cbar_pad="2%")
# Use a different colorbar range every time
limits = ((0, 1), (-2, 2), (-1.7, 1.4), (-1.5, 1))
for ax, cax, vlim in zip(grid, grid.cbar_axes, limits):
    im = ax.imshow(Z, extent=extent, vmin=vlim[0], vmax=vlim[1])
    cb = cax.colorbar(im)
    cb.set_ticks((vlim[0], vlim[1]))
# This affects all axes because we set share_all = True.
grid.axes_llc.set_xticks([-2, 0, 2])
grid.axes_llc.set_yticks([-2, 0, 2])


plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 1.527 seconds)

Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery