matplotlib.image

The image module supports basic image loading, rescaling and display operations.

class matplotlib.image.AxesImage(ax, cmap=None, norm=None, interpolation=None, origin=None, extent=None, filternorm=True, filterrad=4.0, resample=False, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.image._ImageBase

An image attached to an Axes.

Parameters:
axAxes

The axes the image will belong to.

cmapstr or Colormap, default: rcParams["image.cmap"] (default: 'viridis')

The Colormap instance or registered colormap name used to map scalar data to colors.

normNormalize

Maps luminance to 0-1.

interpolationstr, default: rcParams["image.interpolation"] (default: 'antialiased')

Supported values are 'none', 'antialiased', 'nearest', 'bilinear', 'bicubic', 'spline16', 'spline36', 'hanning', 'hamming', 'hermite', 'kaiser', 'quadric', 'catrom', 'gaussian', 'bessel', 'mitchell', 'sinc', 'lanczos'.

origin{'upper', 'lower'}, default: rcParams["image.origin"] (default: 'upper')

Place the [0, 0] index of the array in the upper left or lower left corner of the axes. The convention 'upper' is typically used for matrices and images.

extenttuple, optional

The data axes (left, right, bottom, top) for making image plots registered with data plots. Default is to label the pixel centers with the zero-based row and column indices.

filternormbool, default: True

A parameter for the antigrain image resize filter (see the antigrain documentation). If filternorm is set, the filter normalizes integer values and corrects the rounding errors. It doesn't do anything with the source floating point values, it corrects only integers according to the rule of 1.0 which means that any sum of pixel weights must be equal to 1.0. So, the filter function must produce a graph of the proper shape.

filterradfloat > 0, default: 4

The filter radius for filters that have a radius parameter, i.e. when interpolation is one of: 'sinc', 'lanczos' or 'blackman'.

resamplebool, default: False

When True, use a full resampling method. When False, only resample when the output image is larger than the input image.

**kwargsArtist properties
Parameters:
normmatplotlib.colors.Normalize (or subclass thereof)

The normalizing object which scales data, typically into the interval [0, 1]. If None, norm defaults to a colors.Normalize object which initializes its scaling based on the first data processed.

cmapstr or Colormap

The colormap used to map normalized data values to RGBA colors.

format_cursor_data(data)[source]

Return a string representation of data.

Note

This method is intended to be overridden by artist subclasses. As an end-user of Matplotlib you will most likely not call this method yourself.

The default implementation converts ints and floats and arrays of ints and floats into a comma-separated string enclosed in square brackets.

See also

get_cursor_data
get_cursor_data(event)[source]

Return the image value at the event position or None if the event is outside the image.

get_extent()[source]

Return the image extent as tuple (left, right, bottom, top).

get_window_extent(renderer=None)[source]

Get the axes bounding box in display space.

The bounding box' width and height are nonnegative.

Subclasses should override for inclusion in the bounding box "tight" calculation. Default is to return an empty bounding box at 0, 0.

Be careful when using this function, the results will not update if the artist window extent of the artist changes. The extent can change due to any changes in the transform stack, such as changing the axes limits, the figure size, or the canvas used (as is done when saving a figure). This can lead to unexpected behavior where interactive figures will look fine on the screen, but will save incorrectly.

make_image(renderer, magnification=1.0, unsampled=False)[source]

Normalize, rescale, and colormap this image's data for rendering using renderer, with the given magnification.

If unsampled is True, the image will not be scaled, but an appropriate affine transformation will be returned instead.

Returns:
image(M, N, 4) uint8 array

The RGBA image, resampled unless unsampled is True.

x, yfloat

The upper left corner where the image should be drawn, in pixel space.

transAffine2D

The affine transformation from image to pixel space.

set_extent(extent)[source]

Set the image extent.

Parameters:
extent4-tuple of float

The position and size of the image as tuple (left, right, bottom, top) in data coordinates.

Notes

This updates ax.dataLim, and, if autoscaling, sets ax.viewLim to tightly fit the image, regardless of dataLim. Autoscaling state is not changed, so following this with ax.autoscale_view() will redo the autoscaling in accord with dataLim.

class matplotlib.image.BboxImage(bbox, cmap=None, norm=None, interpolation=None, origin=None, filternorm=True, filterrad=4.0, resample=False, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.image._ImageBase

The Image class whose size is determined by the given bbox.

cmap is a colors.Colormap instance norm is a colors.Normalize instance to map luminance to 0-1

kwargs are an optional list of Artist keyword args

contains(mouseevent)[source]

Test whether the mouse event occurred within the image.

get_window_extent(renderer=None)[source]

Get the axes bounding box in display space.

The bounding box' width and height are nonnegative.

Subclasses should override for inclusion in the bounding box "tight" calculation. Default is to return an empty bounding box at 0, 0.

Be careful when using this function, the results will not update if the artist window extent of the artist changes. The extent can change due to any changes in the transform stack, such as changing the axes limits, the figure size, or the canvas used (as is done when saving a figure). This can lead to unexpected behavior where interactive figures will look fine on the screen, but will save incorrectly.

make_image(renderer, magnification=1.0, unsampled=False)[source]

Normalize, rescale, and colormap this image's data for rendering using renderer, with the given magnification.

If unsampled is True, the image will not be scaled, but an appropriate affine transformation will be returned instead.

Returns:
image(M, N, 4) uint8 array

The RGBA image, resampled unless unsampled is True.

x, yfloat

The upper left corner where the image should be drawn, in pixel space.

transAffine2D

The affine transformation from image to pixel space.

class matplotlib.image.FigureImage(fig, cmap=None, norm=None, offsetx=0, offsety=0, origin=None, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.image._ImageBase

An image attached to a figure.

cmap is a colors.Colormap instance norm is a colors.Normalize instance to map luminance to 0-1

kwargs are an optional list of Artist keyword args

get_extent()[source]

Return the image extent as tuple (left, right, bottom, top).

make_image(renderer, magnification=1.0, unsampled=False)[source]

Normalize, rescale, and colormap this image's data for rendering using renderer, with the given magnification.

If unsampled is True, the image will not be scaled, but an appropriate affine transformation will be returned instead.

Returns:
image(M, N, 4) uint8 array

The RGBA image, resampled unless unsampled is True.

x, yfloat

The upper left corner where the image should be drawn, in pixel space.

transAffine2D

The affine transformation from image to pixel space.

set_data(A)[source]

Set the image array.

zorder = 0
class matplotlib.image.NonUniformImage(ax, *, interpolation='nearest', **kwargs)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.image.AxesImage

Parameters:
interpolation{'nearest', 'bilinear'}, default: 'nearest'
**kwargs

All other keyword arguments are identical to those of AxesImage.

get_extent()[source]

Return the image extent as tuple (left, right, bottom, top).

property is_grayscale
make_image(renderer, magnification=1.0, unsampled=False)[source]

Normalize, rescale, and colormap this image's data for rendering using renderer, with the given magnification.

If unsampled is True, the image will not be scaled, but an appropriate affine transformation will be returned instead.

Returns:
image(M, N, 4) uint8 array

The RGBA image, resampled unless unsampled is True.

x, yfloat

The upper left corner where the image should be drawn, in pixel space.

transAffine2D

The affine transformation from image to pixel space.

mouseover = False
set_array(*args)[source]

Retained for backwards compatibility - use set_data instead.

Parameters:
Aarray-like
set_cmap(cmap)[source]

Set the colormap for luminance data.

Parameters:
cmapColormap or str or None
set_data(x, y, A)[source]

Set the grid for the pixel centers, and the pixel values.

Parameters:
x, y1D array-like

Monotonic arrays of shapes (N,) and (M,), respectively, specifying pixel centers.

Aarray-like

(M, N) ndarray or masked array of values to be colormapped, or (M, N, 3) RGB array, or (M, N, 4) RGBA array.

set_filternorm(s)[source]

Set whether the resize filter normalizes the weights.

See help for imshow.

Parameters:
filternormbool
set_filterrad(s)[source]

Set the resize filter radius only applicable to some interpolation schemes -- see help for imshow

Parameters:
filterradpositive float
set_interpolation(s)[source]
Parameters:
s{'nearest', 'bilinear'} or None

If None, use rcParams["image.interpolation"] (default: 'antialiased').

set_norm(norm)[source]

Set the normalization instance.

Parameters:
normNormalize or None

Notes

If there are any colorbars using the mappable for this norm, setting the norm of the mappable will reset the norm, locator, and formatters on the colorbar to default.

class matplotlib.image.PcolorImage(ax, x=None, y=None, A=None, cmap=None, norm=None, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.image.AxesImage

Make a pcolor-style plot with an irregular rectangular grid.

This uses a variation of the original irregular image code, and it is used by pcolorfast for the corresponding grid type.

Parameters:
axAxes

The axes the image will belong to.

x, y1D array-like, optional

Monotonic arrays of length N+1 and M+1, respectively, specifying rectangle boundaries. If not given, will default to range(N + 1) and range(M + 1), respectively.

Aarray-like

The data to be color-coded. The interpretation depends on the shape:

  • (M, N) ndarray or masked array: values to be colormapped
  • (M, N, 3): RGB array
  • (M, N, 4): RGBA array
cmapstr or Colormap, default: rcParams["image.cmap"] (default: 'viridis')

The Colormap instance or registered colormap name used to map scalar data to colors.

normNormalize

Maps luminance to 0-1.

**kwargsArtist properties
get_cursor_data(event)[source]

Return the image value at the event position or None if the event is outside the image.

property is_grayscale
make_image(renderer, magnification=1.0, unsampled=False)[source]

Normalize, rescale, and colormap this image's data for rendering using renderer, with the given magnification.

If unsampled is True, the image will not be scaled, but an appropriate affine transformation will be returned instead.

Returns:
image(M, N, 4) uint8 array

The RGBA image, resampled unless unsampled is True.

x, yfloat

The upper left corner where the image should be drawn, in pixel space.

transAffine2D

The affine transformation from image to pixel space.

set_array(*args)[source]

Retained for backwards compatibility - use set_data instead.

Parameters:
Aarray-like
set_data(x, y, A)[source]

Set the grid for the rectangle boundaries, and the data values.

Parameters:
x, y1D array-like, optional

Monotonic arrays of length N+1 and M+1, respectively, specifying rectangle boundaries. If not given, will default to range(N + 1) and range(M + 1), respectively.

Aarray-like

The data to be color-coded. The interpretation depends on the shape:

  • (M, N) ndarray or masked array: values to be colormapped
  • (M, N, 3): RGB array
  • (M, N, 4): RGBA array
matplotlib.image.composite_images(images, renderer, magnification=1.0)[source]

Composite a number of RGBA images into one. The images are composited in the order in which they appear in the images list.

Parameters:
imageslist of Images

Each must have a make_image method. For each image, can_composite should return True, though this is not enforced by this function. Each image must have a purely affine transformation with no shear.

rendererRendererBase
magnificationfloat, default: 1

The additional magnification to apply for the renderer in use.

Returns:
imageuint8 array (M, N, 4)

The composited RGBA image.

offset_x, offset_yfloat

The (left, bottom) offset where the composited image should be placed in the output figure.

matplotlib.image.imread(fname, format=None)[source]

Read an image from a file into an array.

Parameters:
fnamestr or file-like

The image file to read: a filename, a URL or a file-like object opened in read-binary mode.

formatstr, optional

The image file format assumed for reading the data. If not given, the format is deduced from the filename. If nothing can be deduced, PNG is tried.

Returns:
numpy.array

The image data. The returned array has shape

  • (M, N) for grayscale images.
  • (M, N, 3) for RGB images.
  • (M, N, 4) for RGBA images.
matplotlib.image.imsave(fname, arr, vmin=None, vmax=None, cmap=None, format=None, origin=None, dpi=100, *, metadata=None, pil_kwargs=None)[source]

Save an array as an image file.

Parameters:
fnamestr or path-like or file-like

A path or a file-like object to store the image in. If format is not set, then the output format is inferred from the extension of fname, if any, and from rcParams["savefig.format"] (default: 'png') otherwise. If format is set, it determines the output format.

arrarray-like

The image data. The shape can be one of MxN (luminance), MxNx3 (RGB) or MxNx4 (RGBA).

vmin, vmaxfloat, optional

vmin and vmax set the color scaling for the image by fixing the values that map to the colormap color limits. If either vmin or vmax is None, that limit is determined from the arr min/max value.

cmapstr or Colormap, default: rcParams["image.cmap"] (default: 'viridis')

A Colormap instance or registered colormap name. The colormap maps scalar data to colors. It is ignored for RGB(A) data.

formatstr, optional

The file format, e.g. 'png', 'pdf', 'svg', ... The behavior when this is unset is documented under fname.

origin{'upper', 'lower'}, default: rcParams["image.origin"] (default: 'upper')

Indicates whether the (0, 0) index of the array is in the upper left or lower left corner of the axes.

dpifloat

The DPI to store in the metadata of the file. This does not affect the resolution of the output image. Depending on file format, this may be rounded to the nearest integer.

metadatadict, optional

Metadata in the image file. The supported keys depend on the output format, see the documentation of the respective backends for more information.

pil_kwargsdict, optional

Keyword arguments passed to PIL.Image.Image.save. If the 'pnginfo' key is present, it completely overrides metadata, including the default 'Software' key.

matplotlib.image.pil_to_array(pilImage)[source]

Load a PIL image and return it as a numpy int array.

Returns:
numpy.array

The array shape depends on the image type:

  • (M, N) for grayscale images.
  • (M, N, 3) for RGB images.
  • (M, N, 4) for RGBA images.
matplotlib.image.thumbnail(infile, thumbfile, scale=0.1, interpolation='bilinear', preview=False)[source]

Make a thumbnail of image in infile with output filename thumbfile.

See Image Thumbnail.

Parameters:
infilestr or file-like

The image file. Matplotlib relies on Pillow for image reading, and thus supports a wide range of file formats, including PNG, JPG, TIFF and others.

thumbfilestr or file-like

The thumbnail filename.

scalefloat, default: 0.1

The scale factor for the thumbnail.

interpolationstr, default: 'bilinear'

The interpolation scheme used in the resampling. See the interpolation parameter of imshow for possible values.

previewbool, default: False

If True, the default backend (presumably a user interface backend) will be used which will cause a figure to be raised if show is called. If it is False, the figure is created using FigureCanvasBase and the drawing backend is selected as Figure.savefig would normally do.

Returns:
Figure

The figure instance containing the thumbnail.