matplotlib.contour

Classes to support contour plotting and labelling for the Axes class.

class matplotlib.contour.ClabelText(x=0, y=0, text='', color=None, verticalalignment='baseline', horizontalalignment='left', multialignment=None, fontproperties=None, rotation=None, linespacing=None, rotation_mode=None, usetex=None, wrap=False, transform_rotates_text=False, *, parse_math=True, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.text.Text

Unlike the ordinary text, the get_rotation returns an updated angle in the pixel coordinate assuming that the input rotation is an angle in data coordinate (or whatever transform set).

Create a Text instance at x, y with string text.

Valid keyword arguments are:

Property

Description

agg_filter

a filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array

alpha

scalar or None

animated

bool

backgroundcolor

color

bbox

dict with properties for patches.FancyBboxPatch

clip_box

unknown

clip_on

unknown

clip_path

unknown

color or c

color

figure

Figure

fontfamily or family

{FONTNAME, 'serif', 'sans-serif', 'cursive', 'fantasy', 'monospace'}

fontproperties or font or font_properties

font_manager.FontProperties or str or pathlib.Path

fontsize or size

float or {'xx-small', 'x-small', 'small', 'medium', 'large', 'x-large', 'xx-large'}

fontstretch or stretch

{a numeric value in range 0-1000, 'ultra-condensed', 'extra-condensed', 'condensed', 'semi-condensed', 'normal', 'semi-expanded', 'expanded', 'extra-expanded', 'ultra-expanded'}

fontstyle or style

{'normal', 'italic', 'oblique'}

fontvariant or variant

{'normal', 'small-caps'}

fontweight or weight

{a numeric value in range 0-1000, 'ultralight', 'light', 'normal', 'regular', 'book', 'medium', 'roman', 'semibold', 'demibold', 'demi', 'bold', 'heavy', 'extra bold', 'black'}

gid

str

horizontalalignment or ha

{'center', 'right', 'left'}

in_layout

bool

label

object

linespacing

float (multiple of font size)

math_fontfamily

str

multialignment or ma

{'left', 'right', 'center'}

parse_math

bool

path_effects

AbstractPathEffect

picker

None or bool or float or callable

position

(float, float)

rasterized

bool

rotation

float or {'vertical', 'horizontal'}

rotation_mode

{None, 'default', 'anchor'}

sketch_params

(scale: float, length: float, randomness: float)

snap

bool or None

text

object

transform

Transform

transform_rotates_text

bool

url

str

usetex

bool or None

verticalalignment or va

{'center', 'top', 'bottom', 'baseline', 'center_baseline'}

visible

bool

wrap

bool

x

float

y

float

zorder

float

get_rotation()[source]

Return the text angle in degrees between 0 and 360.

set(*, agg_filter=<UNSET>, alpha=<UNSET>, animated=<UNSET>, backgroundcolor=<UNSET>, bbox=<UNSET>, clip_box=<UNSET>, clip_on=<UNSET>, clip_path=<UNSET>, color=<UNSET>, fontfamily=<UNSET>, fontproperties=<UNSET>, fontsize=<UNSET>, fontstretch=<UNSET>, fontstyle=<UNSET>, fontvariant=<UNSET>, fontweight=<UNSET>, gid=<UNSET>, horizontalalignment=<UNSET>, in_layout=<UNSET>, label=<UNSET>, linespacing=<UNSET>, math_fontfamily=<UNSET>, multialignment=<UNSET>, parse_math=<UNSET>, path_effects=<UNSET>, picker=<UNSET>, position=<UNSET>, rasterized=<UNSET>, rotation=<UNSET>, rotation_mode=<UNSET>, sketch_params=<UNSET>, snap=<UNSET>, text=<UNSET>, transform=<UNSET>, transform_rotates_text=<UNSET>, url=<UNSET>, usetex=<UNSET>, verticalalignment=<UNSET>, visible=<UNSET>, wrap=<UNSET>, x=<UNSET>, y=<UNSET>, zorder=<UNSET>)

Set multiple properties at once.

Supported properties are

Property

Description

agg_filter

a filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array

alpha

scalar or None

animated

bool

backgroundcolor

color

bbox

dict with properties for patches.FancyBboxPatch

clip_box

Bbox

clip_on

bool

clip_path

Patch or (Path, Transform) or None

color or c

color

figure

Figure

fontfamily or family

{FONTNAME, 'serif', 'sans-serif', 'cursive', 'fantasy', 'monospace'}

fontproperties or font or font_properties

font_manager.FontProperties or str or pathlib.Path

fontsize or size

float or {'xx-small', 'x-small', 'small', 'medium', 'large', 'x-large', 'xx-large'}

fontstretch or stretch

{a numeric value in range 0-1000, 'ultra-condensed', 'extra-condensed', 'condensed', 'semi-condensed', 'normal', 'semi-expanded', 'expanded', 'extra-expanded', 'ultra-expanded'}

fontstyle or style

{'normal', 'italic', 'oblique'}

fontvariant or variant

{'normal', 'small-caps'}

fontweight or weight

{a numeric value in range 0-1000, 'ultralight', 'light', 'normal', 'regular', 'book', 'medium', 'roman', 'semibold', 'demibold', 'demi', 'bold', 'heavy', 'extra bold', 'black'}

gid

str

horizontalalignment or ha

{'center', 'right', 'left'}

in_layout

bool

label

object

linespacing

float (multiple of font size)

math_fontfamily

str

multialignment or ma

{'left', 'right', 'center'}

parse_math

bool

path_effects

AbstractPathEffect

picker

None or bool or float or callable

position

(float, float)

rasterized

bool

rotation

float or {'vertical', 'horizontal'}

rotation_mode

{None, 'default', 'anchor'}

sketch_params

(scale: float, length: float, randomness: float)

snap

bool or None

text

object

transform

Transform

transform_rotates_text

bool

url

str

usetex

bool or None

verticalalignment or va

{'center', 'top', 'bottom', 'baseline', 'center_baseline'}

visible

bool

wrap

bool

x

float

y

float

zorder

float

class matplotlib.contour.ContourLabeler[source]

Bases: object

Mixin to provide labelling capability to ContourSet.

add_label(x, y, rotation, lev, cvalue)[source]

Add contour label using Text class.

add_label_clabeltext(x, y, rotation, lev, cvalue)[source]

Add contour label using ClabelText class.

add_label_near(x, y, inline=True, inline_spacing=5, transform=None)[source]

Add a label near the point (x, y).

Parameters
x, yfloat

The approximate location of the label.

inlinebool, default: True

If True remove the segment of the contour beneath the label.

inline_spacingint, default: 5

Space in pixels to leave on each side of label when placing inline. This spacing will be exact for labels at locations where the contour is straight, less so for labels on curved contours.

transformTransform or False, default: self.axes.transData

A transform applied to (x, y) before labeling. The default causes (x, y) to be interpreted as data coordinates. False is a synonym for IdentityTransform; i.e. (x, y) should be interpreted as display coordinates.

calc_label_rot_and_inline(slc, ind, lw, lc=None, spacing=5)[source]

Calculate the appropriate label rotation given the linecontour coordinates in screen units, the index of the label location and the label width.

If lc is not None or empty, also break contours and compute inlining.

spacing is the empty space to leave around the label, in pixels.

Both tasks are done together to avoid calculating path lengths multiple times, which is relatively costly.

The method used here involves computing the path length along the contour in pixel coordinates and then looking approximately (label width / 2) away from central point to determine rotation and then to break contour if desired.

clabel(levels=None, *, fontsize=None, inline=True, inline_spacing=5, fmt=None, colors=None, use_clabeltext=False, manual=False, rightside_up=True, zorder=None)[source]

Label a contour plot.

Adds labels to line contours in this ContourSet (which inherits from this mixin class).

Parameters
levelsarray-like, optional

A list of level values, that should be labeled. The list must be a subset of cs.levels. If not given, all levels are labeled.

fontsizestr or float, default: rcParams["font.size"] (default: 10.0)

Size in points or relative size e.g., 'smaller', 'x-large'. See Text.set_size for accepted string values.

colorscolor or colors or None, default: None

The label colors:

  • If None, the color of each label matches the color of the corresponding contour.

  • If one string color, e.g., colors = 'r' or colors = 'red', all labels will be plotted in this color.

  • If a tuple of colors (string, float, rgb, etc), different labels will be plotted in different colors in the order specified.

inlinebool, default: True

If True the underlying contour is removed where the label is placed.

inline_spacingfloat, default: 5

Space in pixels to leave on each side of label when placing inline.

This spacing will be exact for labels at locations where the contour is straight, less so for labels on curved contours.

fmtFormatter or str or callable or dict, optional

How the levels are formatted:

  • If a Formatter, it is used to format all levels at once, using its Formatter.format_ticks method.

  • If a str, it is interpreted as a %-style format string.

  • If a callable, it is called with one level at a time and should return the corresponding label.

  • If a dict, it should directly map levels to labels.

The default is to use a standard ScalarFormatter.

manualbool or iterable, default: False

If True, contour labels will be placed manually using mouse clicks. Click the first button near a contour to add a label, click the second button (or potentially both mouse buttons at once) to finish adding labels. The third button can be used to remove the last label added, but only if labels are not inline. Alternatively, the keyboard can be used to select label locations (enter to end label placement, delete or backspace act like the third mouse button, and any other key will select a label location).

manual can also be an iterable object of (x, y) tuples. Contour labels will be created as if mouse is clicked at each (x, y) position.

rightside_upbool, default: True

If True, label rotations will always be plus or minus 90 degrees from level.

use_clabeltextbool, default: False

If True, ClabelText class (instead of Text) is used to create labels. ClabelText recalculates rotation angles of texts during the drawing time, therefore this can be used if aspect of the axes changes.

zorderfloat or None, default: (2 + contour.get_zorder())

zorder of the contour labels.

Returns
labels

A list of Text instances for the labels.

get_label_coords(distances, XX, YY, ysize, lw)[source]

[Deprecated] Return x, y, and the index of a label location.

Labels are plotted at a location with the smallest deviation of the contour from a straight line unless there is another label nearby, in which case the next best place on the contour is picked up. If all such candidates are rejected, the beginning of the contour is chosen.

Notes

Deprecated since version 3.4.

get_label_width(lev, fmt, fsize)[source]

[Deprecated] Return the width of the label in points.

Notes

Deprecated since version 3.5.

get_text(lev, fmt)[source]

Get the text of the label.

labels(inline, inline_spacing)[source]
locate_label(linecontour, labelwidth)[source]

Find good place to draw a label (relatively flat part of the contour).

pop_label(index=- 1)[source]

Defaults to removing last label, but any index can be supplied

print_label(linecontour, labelwidth)[source]

Return whether a contour is long enough to hold a label.

set_label_props(label, text, color)[source]

Set the label properties - color, fontsize, text.

too_close(x, y, lw)[source]

Return whether a label is already near this location.

class matplotlib.contour.ContourSet(ax, *args, levels=None, filled=False, linewidths=None, linestyles=None, hatches=(None,), alpha=None, origin=None, extent=None, cmap=None, colors=None, norm=None, vmin=None, vmax=None, extend='neither', antialiased=None, nchunk=0, locator=None, transform=None, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.cm.ScalarMappable, matplotlib.contour.ContourLabeler

Store a set of contour lines or filled regions.

User-callable method: clabel

Parameters
axAxes
levels[level0, level1, ..., leveln]

A list of floating point numbers indicating the contour levels.

allsegs[level0segs, level1segs, ...]

List of all the polygon segments for all the levels. For contour lines len(allsegs) == len(levels), and for filled contour regions len(allsegs) = len(levels)-1. The lists should look like

level0segs = [polygon0, polygon1, ...]
polygon0 = [[x0, y0], [x1, y1], ...]
allkindsNone or [level0kinds, level1kinds, ...]

Optional list of all the polygon vertex kinds (code types), as described and used in Path. This is used to allow multiply- connected paths such as holes within filled polygons. If not None, len(allkinds) == len(allsegs). The lists should look like

level0kinds = [polygon0kinds, ...]
polygon0kinds = [vertexcode0, vertexcode1, ...]

If allkinds is not None, usually all polygons for a particular contour level are grouped together so that level0segs = [polygon0] and level0kinds = [polygon0kinds].

**kwargs

Keyword arguments are as described in the docstring of contour.

Attributes
axAxes

The Axes object in which the contours are drawn.

collectionssilent_list of LineCollections or PathCollections

The Artists representing the contour. This is a list of LineCollections for line contours and a list of PathCollections for filled contours.

levelsarray

The values of the contour levels.

layersarray

Same as levels for line contours; half-way between levels for filled contours. See ContourSet._process_colors.

Draw contour lines or filled regions, depending on whether keyword arg filled is False (default) or True.

Call signature:

ContourSet(ax, levels, allsegs, [allkinds], **kwargs)
Parameters
axAxes

The Axes object to draw on.

levels[level0, level1, ..., leveln]

A list of floating point numbers indicating the contour levels.

allsegs[level0segs, level1segs, ...]

List of all the polygon segments for all the levels. For contour lines len(allsegs) == len(levels), and for filled contour regions len(allsegs) = len(levels)-1. The lists should look like

level0segs = [polygon0, polygon1, ...]
polygon0 = [[x0, y0], [x1, y1], ...]
allkinds[level0kinds, level1kinds, ...], optional

Optional list of all the polygon vertex kinds (code types), as described and used in Path. This is used to allow multiply- connected paths such as holes within filled polygons. If not None, len(allkinds) == len(allsegs). The lists should look like

level0kinds = [polygon0kinds, ...]
polygon0kinds = [vertexcode0, vertexcode1, ...]

If allkinds is not None, usually all polygons for a particular contour level are grouped together so that level0segs = [polygon0] and level0kinds = [polygon0kinds].

**kwargs

Keyword arguments are as described in the docstring of contour.

changed()[source]

Call this whenever the mappable is changed to notify all the callbackSM listeners to the 'changed' signal.

find_nearest_contour(x, y, indices=None, pixel=True)[source]

Find the point in the contour plot that is closest to (x, y).

Parameters
x, yfloat

The reference point.

indiceslist of int or None, default: None

Indices of contour levels to consider. If None (the default), all levels are considered.

pixelbool, default: True

If True, measure distance in pixel (screen) space, which is useful for manual contour labeling; else, measure distance in axes space.

Returns
contourCollection

The contour that is closest to (x, y).

segmentint

The index of the Path in contour that is closest to (x, y).

indexint

The index of the path segment in segment that is closest to (x, y).

xmin, yminfloat

The point in the contour plot that is closest to (x, y).

d2float

The squared distance from (xmin, ymin) to (x, y).

get_alpha()[source]

Return alpha to be applied to all ContourSet artists.

get_transform()[source]

Return the Transform instance used by this ContourSet.

legend_elements(variable_name='x', str_format=<class 'str'>)[source]

Return a list of artists and labels suitable for passing through to legend which represent this ContourSet.

The labels have the form "0 < x <= 1" stating the data ranges which the artists represent.

Parameters
variable_namestr

The string used inside the inequality used on the labels.

str_formatfunction: float -> str

Function used to format the numbers in the labels.

Returns
artistslist[Artist]

A list of the artists.

labelslist[str]

A list of the labels.

set_alpha(alpha)[source]

Set the alpha blending value for all ContourSet artists. alpha must be between 0 (transparent) and 1 (opaque).

class matplotlib.contour.QuadContourSet(ax, *args, levels=None, filled=False, linewidths=None, linestyles=None, hatches=(None,), alpha=None, origin=None, extent=None, cmap=None, colors=None, norm=None, vmin=None, vmax=None, extend='neither', antialiased=None, nchunk=0, locator=None, transform=None, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.contour.ContourSet

Create and store a set of contour lines or filled regions.

This class is typically not instantiated directly by the user but by contour and contourf.

Attributes
axAxes

The Axes object in which the contours are drawn.

collectionssilent_list of LineCollections or PathCollections

The Artists representing the contour. This is a list of LineCollections for line contours and a list of PathCollections for filled contours.

levelsarray

The values of the contour levels.

layersarray

Same as levels for line contours; half-way between levels for filled contours. See ContourSet._process_colors.

Draw contour lines or filled regions, depending on whether keyword arg filled is False (default) or True.

Call signature:

ContourSet(ax, levels, allsegs, [allkinds], **kwargs)
Parameters
axAxes

The Axes object to draw on.

levels[level0, level1, ..., leveln]

A list of floating point numbers indicating the contour levels.

allsegs[level0segs, level1segs, ...]

List of all the polygon segments for all the levels. For contour lines len(allsegs) == len(levels), and for filled contour regions len(allsegs) = len(levels)-1. The lists should look like

level0segs = [polygon0, polygon1, ...]
polygon0 = [[x0, y0], [x1, y1], ...]
allkinds[level0kinds, level1kinds, ...], optional

Optional list of all the polygon vertex kinds (code types), as described and used in Path. This is used to allow multiply- connected paths such as holes within filled polygons. If not None, len(allkinds) == len(allsegs). The lists should look like

level0kinds = [polygon0kinds, ...]
polygon0kinds = [vertexcode0, vertexcode1, ...]

If allkinds is not None, usually all polygons for a particular contour level are grouped together so that level0segs = [polygon0] and level0kinds = [polygon0kinds].

**kwargs

Keyword arguments are as described in the docstring of contour.