matplotlib.pyplot.subplot

matplotlib.pyplot.subplot(*args, **kwargs)[source]

Add an Axes to the current figure or retrieve an existing Axes.

This is a wrapper of Figure.add_subplot which provides additional behavior when working with the implicit API (see the notes section).

Call signatures:

subplot(nrows, ncols, index, **kwargs)
subplot(pos, **kwargs)
subplot(**kwargs)
subplot(ax)
Parameters
*argsint, (int, int, index), or SubplotSpec, default: (1, 1, 1)

The position of the subplot described by one of

  • Three integers (nrows, ncols, index). The subplot will take the index position on a grid with nrows rows and ncols columns. index starts at 1 in the upper left corner and increases to the right. index can also be a two-tuple specifying the (first, last) indices (1-based, and including last) of the subplot, e.g., fig.add_subplot(3, 1, (1, 2)) makes a subplot that spans the upper 2/3 of the figure.

  • A 3-digit integer. The digits are interpreted as if given separately as three single-digit integers, i.e. fig.add_subplot(235) is the same as fig.add_subplot(2, 3, 5). Note that this can only be used if there are no more than 9 subplots.

  • A SubplotSpec.

projection{None, 'aitoff', 'hammer', 'lambert', 'mollweide', 'polar', 'rectilinear', str}, optional

The projection type of the subplot (Axes). str is the name of a custom projection, see projections. The default None results in a 'rectilinear' projection.

polarbool, default: False

If True, equivalent to projection='polar'.

sharex, shareyAxes, optional

Share the x or y axis with sharex and/or sharey. The axis will have the same limits, ticks, and scale as the axis of the shared axes.

labelstr

A label for the returned axes.

Returns
axes.SubplotBase, or another subclass of Axes

The axes of the subplot. The returned axes base class depends on the projection used. It is Axes if rectilinear projection is used and projections.polar.PolarAxes if polar projection is used. The returned axes is then a subplot subclass of the base class.

Other Parameters
**kwargs

This method also takes the keyword arguments for the returned axes base class; except for the figure argument. The keyword arguments for the rectilinear base class Axes can be found in the following table but there might also be other keyword arguments if another projection is used.

Property

Description

adjustable

{'box', 'datalim'}

agg_filter

a filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array

alpha

scalar or None

anchor

(float, float) or {'C', 'SW', 'S', 'SE', 'E', 'NE', ...}

animated

bool

aspect

{'auto', 'equal'} or float

autoscale_on

bool

autoscalex_on

bool

autoscaley_on

bool

axes_locator

Callable[[Axes, Renderer], Bbox]

axisbelow

bool or 'line'

box_aspect

float or None

clip_box

Bbox

clip_on

bool

clip_path

Patch or (Path, Transform) or None

facecolor or fc

color

figure

Figure

frame_on

bool

gid

str

in_layout

bool

label

object

navigate

bool

navigate_mode

unknown

path_effects

AbstractPathEffect

picker

None or bool or float or callable

position

[left, bottom, width, height] or Bbox

prop_cycle

unknown

rasterization_zorder

float or None

rasterized

bool

sketch_params

(scale: float, length: float, randomness: float)

snap

bool or None

title

str

transform

Transform

url

str

visible

bool

xbound

unknown

xlabel

str

xlim

(bottom: float, top: float)

xmargin

float greater than -0.5

xscale

{"linear", "log", "symlog", "logit", ...} or ScaleBase

xticklabels

unknown

xticks

unknown

ybound

unknown

ylabel

str

ylim

(bottom: float, top: float)

ymargin

float greater than -0.5

yscale

{"linear", "log", "symlog", "logit", ...} or ScaleBase

yticklabels

unknown

yticks

unknown

zorder

float

Notes

Creating a new Axes will delete any pre-existing Axes that overlaps with it beyond sharing a boundary:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
# plot a line, implicitly creating a subplot(111)
plt.plot([1, 2, 3])
# now create a subplot which represents the top plot of a grid
# with 2 rows and 1 column. Since this subplot will overlap the
# first, the plot (and its axes) previously created, will be removed
plt.subplot(211)

If you do not want this behavior, use the Figure.add_subplot method or the pyplot.axes function instead.

If no kwargs are passed and there exists an Axes in the location specified by args then that Axes will be returned rather than a new Axes being created.

If kwargs are passed and there exists an Axes in the location specified by args, the projection type is the same, and the kwargs match with the existing Axes, then the existing Axes is returned. Otherwise a new Axes is created with the specified parameters. We save a reference to the kwargs which we use for this comparison. If any of the values in kwargs are mutable we will not detect the case where they are mutated. In these cases we suggest using Figure.add_subplot and the explicit Axes API rather than the implicit pyplot API.

Examples

plt.subplot(221)

# equivalent but more general
ax1 = plt.subplot(2, 2, 1)

# add a subplot with no frame
ax2 = plt.subplot(222, frameon=False)

# add a polar subplot
plt.subplot(223, projection='polar')

# add a red subplot that shares the x-axis with ax1
plt.subplot(224, sharex=ax1, facecolor='red')

# delete ax2 from the figure
plt.delaxes(ax2)

# add ax2 to the figure again
plt.subplot(ax2)

# make the first axes "current" again
plt.subplot(221)