matplotlib.pyplot.stem#

matplotlib.pyplot.stem(*args, linefmt=None, markerfmt=None, basefmt=None, bottom=0, label=None, use_line_collection=<deprecated parameter>, orientation='vertical', data=None)[source]#

Create a stem plot.

A stem plot draws lines perpendicular to a baseline at each location locs from the baseline to heads, and places a marker there. For vertical stem plots (the default), the locs are x positions, and the heads are y values. For horizontal stem plots, the locs are y positions, and the heads are x values.

Call signature:

stem([locs,] heads, linefmt=None, markerfmt=None, basefmt=None)

The locs-positions are optional. linefmt may be provided as positional, but all other formats must be provided as keyword arguments.

Parameters:
locsarray-like, default: (0, 1, ..., len(heads) - 1)

For vertical stem plots, the x-positions of the stems. For horizontal stem plots, the y-positions of the stems.

headsarray-like

For vertical stem plots, the y-values of the stem heads. For horizontal stem plots, the x-values of the stem heads.

linefmtstr, optional

A string defining the color and/or linestyle of the vertical lines:

Character

Line Style

'-'

solid line

'--'

dashed line

'-.'

dash-dot line

':'

dotted line

Default: 'C0-', i.e. solid line with the first color of the color cycle.

Note: Markers specified through this parameter (e.g. 'x') will be silently ignored (unless using use_line_collection=False). Instead, markers should be specified using markerfmt.

markerfmtstr, optional

A string defining the color and/or shape of the markers at the stem heads. If the marker is not given, use the marker 'o', i.e. filled circles. If the color is not given, use the color from linefmt.

basefmtstr, default: 'C3-' ('C2-' in classic mode)

A format string defining the properties of the baseline.

orientationstr, default: 'vertical'

If 'vertical', will produce a plot with stems oriented vertically, otherwise the stems will be oriented horizontally.

bottomfloat, default: 0

The y/x-position of the baseline (depending on orientation).

labelstr, default: None

The label to use for the stems in legends.

use_line_collectionbool, default: True

Deprecated since 3.6

If True, store and plot the stem lines as a LineCollection instead of individual lines, which significantly increases performance. If False, defaults to the old behavior of using a list of Line2D objects.

dataindexable object, optional

If given, all parameters also accept a string s, which is interpreted as data[s] (unless this raises an exception).

Returns:
StemContainer

The container may be treated like a tuple (markerline, stemlines, baseline)

Notes

See also

The MATLAB function stem which inspired this method.

Examples using matplotlib.pyplot.stem#

Stem Plot

Stem Plot

Stem Plot