matplotlib.patches.Rectangle#

class matplotlib.patches.Rectangle(xy, width, height, *, angle=0.0, rotation_point='xy', **kwargs)[source]#

Bases: Patch

A rectangle defined via an anchor point xy and its width and height.

The rectangle extends from xy[0] to xy[0] + width in x-direction and from xy[1] to xy[1] + height in y-direction.

:                +------------------+
:                |                  |
:              height               |
:                |                  |
:               (xy)---- width -----+

One may picture xy as the bottom left corner, but which corner xy is actually depends on the direction of the axis and the sign of width and height; e.g. xy would be the bottom right corner if the x-axis was inverted or if width was negative.

Parameters:
xy(float, float)

The anchor point.

widthfloat

Rectangle width.

heightfloat

Rectangle height.

anglefloat, default: 0

Rotation in degrees anti-clockwise about the rotation point.

rotation_point{'xy', 'center', (number, number)}, default: 'xy'

If 'xy', rotate around the anchor point. If 'center' rotate around the center. If 2-tuple of number, rotate around this coordinate.

Other Parameters:
**kwargsPatch properties

Property

Description

agg_filter

a filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array and two offsets from the bottom left corner of the image

alpha

unknown

animated

bool

antialiased or aa

bool or None

capstyle

CapStyle or {'butt', 'projecting', 'round'}

clip_box

Bbox

clip_on

bool

clip_path

Patch or (Path, Transform) or None

color

color

edgecolor or ec

color or None

facecolor or fc

color or None

figure

Figure

fill

bool

gid

str

hatch

{'/', '\', '|', '-', '+', 'x', 'o', 'O', '.', '*'}

in_layout

bool

joinstyle

JoinStyle or {'miter', 'round', 'bevel'}

label

object

linestyle or ls

{'-', '--', '-.', ':', '', (offset, on-off-seq), ...}

linewidth or lw

float or None

mouseover

bool

path_effects

AbstractPathEffect

picker

None or bool or float or callable

rasterized

bool

sketch_params

(scale: float, length: float, randomness: float)

snap

bool or None

transform

Transform

url

str

visible

bool

zorder

float

get_angle()[source]#

Get the rotation angle in degrees.

get_bbox()[source]#

Return the Bbox.

get_center()[source]#

Return the centre of the rectangle.

get_corners()[source]#

Return the corners of the rectangle, moving anti-clockwise from (x0, y0).

get_height()[source]#

Return the height of the rectangle.

get_patch_transform()[source]#

Return the Transform instance mapping patch coordinates to data coordinates.

For example, one may define a patch of a circle which represents a radius of 5 by providing coordinates for a unit circle, and a transform which scales the coordinates (the patch coordinate) by 5.

get_path()[source]#

Return the vertices of the rectangle.

get_width()[source]#

Return the width of the rectangle.

get_x()[source]#

Return the left coordinate of the rectangle.

get_xy()[source]#

Return the left and bottom coords of the rectangle as a tuple.

get_y()[source]#

Return the bottom coordinate of the rectangle.

property rotation_point#

The rotation point of the patch.

set(*, agg_filter=<UNSET>, alpha=<UNSET>, angle=<UNSET>, animated=<UNSET>, antialiased=<UNSET>, bounds=<UNSET>, capstyle=<UNSET>, clip_box=<UNSET>, clip_on=<UNSET>, clip_path=<UNSET>, color=<UNSET>, edgecolor=<UNSET>, facecolor=<UNSET>, fill=<UNSET>, gid=<UNSET>, hatch=<UNSET>, height=<UNSET>, in_layout=<UNSET>, joinstyle=<UNSET>, label=<UNSET>, linestyle=<UNSET>, linewidth=<UNSET>, mouseover=<UNSET>, path_effects=<UNSET>, picker=<UNSET>, rasterized=<UNSET>, sketch_params=<UNSET>, snap=<UNSET>, transform=<UNSET>, url=<UNSET>, visible=<UNSET>, width=<UNSET>, x=<UNSET>, xy=<UNSET>, y=<UNSET>, zorder=<UNSET>)[source]#

Set multiple properties at once.

Supported properties are

Property

Description

agg_filter

a filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array and two offsets from the bottom left corner of the image

alpha

scalar or None

angle

unknown

animated

bool

antialiased or aa

bool or None

bounds

(left, bottom, width, height)

capstyle

CapStyle or {'butt', 'projecting', 'round'}

clip_box

Bbox

clip_on

bool

clip_path

Patch or (Path, Transform) or None

color

color

edgecolor or ec

color or None

facecolor or fc

color or None

figure

Figure

fill

bool

gid

str

hatch

{'/', '\', '|', '-', '+', 'x', 'o', 'O', '.', '*'}

height

unknown

in_layout

bool

joinstyle

JoinStyle or {'miter', 'round', 'bevel'}

label

object

linestyle or ls

{'-', '--', '-.', ':', '', (offset, on-off-seq), ...}

linewidth or lw

float or None

mouseover

bool

path_effects

AbstractPathEffect

picker

None or bool or float or callable

rasterized

bool

sketch_params

(scale: float, length: float, randomness: float)

snap

bool or None

transform

Transform

url

str

visible

bool

width

unknown

x

unknown

xy

(float, float)

y

unknown

zorder

float

set_angle(angle)[source]#

Set the rotation angle in degrees.

The rotation is performed anti-clockwise around xy.

set_bounds(*args)[source]#

Set the bounds of the rectangle as left, bottom, width, height.

The values may be passed as separate parameters or as a tuple:

set_bounds(left, bottom, width, height)
set_bounds((left, bottom, width, height))
set_height(h)[source]#

Set the height of the rectangle.

set_width(w)[source]#

Set the width of the rectangle.

set_x(x)[source]#

Set the left coordinate of the rectangle.

set_xy(xy)[source]#

Set the left and bottom coordinates of the rectangle.

Parameters:
xy(float, float)
set_y(y)[source]#

Set the bottom coordinate of the rectangle.

property xy#

Return the left and bottom coords of the rectangle as a tuple.

Examples using matplotlib.patches.Rectangle#