matplotlib.patches.Rectangle

class matplotlib.patches.Rectangle(xy, width, height, angle=0.0, **kwargs)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.patches.Patch

A rectangle defined via an anchor point xy and its width and height.

The rectangle extends from xy[0] to xy[0] + width in x-direction and from xy[1] to xy[1] + height in y-direction.

:                +------------------+
:                |                  |
:              height               |
:                |                  |
:               (xy)---- width -----+

One may picture xy as the bottom left corner, but which corner xy is actually depends on the direction of the axis and the sign of width and height; e.g. xy would be the bottom right corner if the x-axis was inverted or if width was negative.

Parameters
xy(float, float)

The anchor point.

widthfloat

Rectangle width.

heightfloat

Rectangle height.

anglefloat, default: 0

Rotation in degrees anti-clockwise about xy.

Other Parameters
**kwargsPatch properties

Property

Description

agg_filter

a filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array

alpha

unknown

animated

bool

antialiased or aa

bool or None

capstyle

CapStyle or {'butt', 'projecting', 'round'}

clip_box

Bbox

clip_on

bool

clip_path

Patch or (Path, Transform) or None

color

color

edgecolor or ec

color or None or 'auto'

facecolor or fc

color or None

figure

Figure

fill

bool

gid

str

hatch

{'/', '\', '|', '-', '+', 'x', 'o', 'O', '.', '*'}

in_layout

bool

joinstyle

JoinStyle or {'miter', 'round', 'bevel'}

label

object

linestyle or ls

{'-', '--', '-.', ':', '', (offset, on-off-seq), ...}

linewidth or lw

float or None

path_effects

AbstractPathEffect

picker

None or bool or float or callable

rasterized

bool

sketch_params

(scale: float, length: float, randomness: float)

snap

bool or None

transform

Transform

url

str

visible

bool

zorder

float

get_angle()[source]

Get the rotation angle in degrees.

get_bbox()[source]

Return the Bbox.

get_height()[source]

Return the height of the rectangle.

get_patch_transform()[source]

Return the Transform instance mapping patch coordinates to data coordinates.

For example, one may define a patch of a circle which represents a radius of 5 by providing coordinates for a unit circle, and a transform which scales the coordinates (the patch coordinate) by 5.

get_path()[source]

Return the vertices of the rectangle.

get_width()[source]

Return the width of the rectangle.

get_x()[source]

Return the left coordinate of the rectangle.

get_xy()[source]

Return the left and bottom coords of the rectangle as a tuple.

get_y()[source]

Return the bottom coordinate of the rectangle.

set(*, agg_filter=<UNSET>, alpha=<UNSET>, angle=<UNSET>, animated=<UNSET>, antialiased=<UNSET>, bounds=<UNSET>, capstyle=<UNSET>, clip_box=<UNSET>, clip_on=<UNSET>, clip_path=<UNSET>, color=<UNSET>, edgecolor=<UNSET>, facecolor=<UNSET>, fill=<UNSET>, gid=<UNSET>, hatch=<UNSET>, height=<UNSET>, in_layout=<UNSET>, joinstyle=<UNSET>, label=<UNSET>, linestyle=<UNSET>, linewidth=<UNSET>, path_effects=<UNSET>, picker=<UNSET>, rasterized=<UNSET>, sketch_params=<UNSET>, snap=<UNSET>, transform=<UNSET>, url=<UNSET>, visible=<UNSET>, width=<UNSET>, x=<UNSET>, xy=<UNSET>, y=<UNSET>, zorder=<UNSET>)

Set multiple properties at once.

Supported properties are

Property

Description

agg_filter

a filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array

alpha

scalar or None

angle

unknown

animated

bool

antialiased or aa

bool or None

bounds

(left, bottom, width, height)

capstyle

CapStyle or {'butt', 'projecting', 'round'}

clip_box

Bbox

clip_on

bool

clip_path

Patch or (Path, Transform) or None

color

color

edgecolor or ec

color or None or 'auto'

facecolor or fc

color or None

figure

Figure

fill

bool

gid

str

hatch

{'/', '\', '|', '-', '+', 'x', 'o', 'O', '.', '*'}

height

unknown

in_layout

bool

joinstyle

JoinStyle or {'miter', 'round', 'bevel'}

label

object

linestyle or ls

{'-', '--', '-.', ':', '', (offset, on-off-seq), ...}

linewidth or lw

float or None

path_effects

AbstractPathEffect

picker

None or bool or float or callable

rasterized

bool

sketch_params

(scale: float, length: float, randomness: float)

snap

bool or None

transform

Transform

url

str

visible

bool

width

unknown

x

unknown

xy

(float, float)

y

unknown

zorder

float

set_angle(angle)[source]

Set the rotation angle in degrees.

The rotation is performed anti-clockwise around xy.

set_bounds(*args)[source]

Set the bounds of the rectangle as left, bottom, width, height.

The values may be passed as separate parameters or as a tuple:

set_bounds(left, bottom, width, height)
set_bounds((left, bottom, width, height))
set_height(h)[source]

Set the height of the rectangle.

set_width(w)[source]

Set the width of the rectangle.

set_x(x)[source]

Set the left coordinate of the rectangle.

set_xy(xy)[source]

Set the left and bottom coordinates of the rectangle.

Parameters
xy(float, float)
set_y(y)[source]

Set the bottom coordinate of the rectangle.

property xy

Return the left and bottom coords of the rectangle as a tuple.