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class matplotlib.gridspec.GridSpec(nrows, ncols, figure=None, left=None, bottom=None, right=None, top=None, wspace=None, hspace=None, width_ratios=None, height_ratios=None)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.gridspec.GridSpecBase

A class that specifies the geometry of the grid that a subplot will be placed. The location of grid is determined by similar way as the SubplotParams.

The number of rows and number of columns of the grid need to be set. Optionally, the subplot layout parameters (e.g., left, right, etc.) can be tuned.

nrows : int

Number of rows in grid.

ncols : int

Number or columns in grid.

figure : ~.figure.Figure, optional
left, right, top, bottom : float

Extent of the subplots as a fraction of figure width or height. Left cannot be larger than right, and bottom cannot be larger than top.

wspace : float

The amount of width reserved for space between subplots, expressed as a fraction of the average axis width.

hspace : float

The amount of height reserved for space between subplots, expressed as a fraction of the average axis height.


See SubplotParams for descriptions of the layout parameters.


Return a dictionary of subplot layout parameters. The default parameters are from rcParams unless a figure attribute is set.

tight_layout(figure, renderer=None, pad=1.08, h_pad=None, w_pad=None, rect=None)[source]

Adjust subplot parameters to give specified padding.

pad : float

Padding between the figure edge and the edges of subplots, as a fraction of the font-size.

h_pad, w_pad : float, optional

Padding (height/width) between edges of adjacent subplots. Defaults to pad_inches.

rect : tuple of 4 floats, optional

(left, bottom, right, top) rectangle in normalized figure coordinates that the whole subplots area (including labels) will fit into. Default is (0, 0, 1, 1).


Update the current values.

Values set to None use the rcParams value.