matplotlib.axes.Axes.plot_date#

Axes.plot_date(x, y, fmt='o', tz=None, xdate=True, ydate=False, *, data=None, **kwargs)[source]#

Plot coercing the axis to treat floats as dates.

Discouraged

This method exists for historic reasons and will be deprecated in the future.

  • datetime-like data should directly be plotted using plot.

  • If you need to plot plain numeric data as Matplotlib date format or need to set a timezone, call ax.xaxis.axis_date / ax.yaxis.axis_date before plot. See Axis.axis_date.

Similar to plot, this plots y vs. x as lines or markers. However, the axis labels are formatted as dates depending on xdate and ydate. Note that plot will work with datetime and numpy.datetime64 objects without resorting to this method.

Parameters
x, yarray-like

The coordinates of the data points. If xdate or ydate is True, the respective values x or y are interpreted as Matplotlib dates.

fmtstr, optional

The plot format string. For details, see the corresponding parameter in plot.

tztimezone string or datetime.tzinfo, default: rcParams["timezone"] (default: 'UTC')

The time zone to use in labeling dates.

xdatebool, default: True

If True, the x-axis will be interpreted as Matplotlib dates.

ydatebool, default: False

If True, the y-axis will be interpreted as Matplotlib dates.

Returns
list of Line2D

Objects representing the plotted data.

Other Parameters
dataindexable object, optional

If given, the following parameters also accept a string s, which is interpreted as data[s] (unless this raises an exception):

x, y

**kwargs

Keyword arguments control the Line2D properties:

Property

Description

agg_filter

a filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array

alpha

scalar or None

animated

bool

antialiased or aa

bool

clip_box

Bbox

clip_on

bool

clip_path

Patch or (Path, Transform) or None

color or c

color

dash_capstyle

CapStyle or {'butt', 'projecting', 'round'}

dash_joinstyle

JoinStyle or {'miter', 'round', 'bevel'}

dashes

sequence of floats (on/off ink in points) or (None, None)

data

(2, N) array or two 1D arrays

drawstyle or ds

{'default', 'steps', 'steps-pre', 'steps-mid', 'steps-post'}, default: 'default'

figure

Figure

fillstyle

{'full', 'left', 'right', 'bottom', 'top', 'none'}

gid

str

in_layout

bool

label

object

linestyle or ls

{'-', '--', '-.', ':', '', (offset, on-off-seq), ...}

linewidth or lw

float

marker

marker style string, Path or MarkerStyle

markeredgecolor or mec

color

markeredgewidth or mew

float

markerfacecolor or mfc

color

markerfacecoloralt or mfcalt

color

markersize or ms

float

markevery

None or int or (int, int) or slice or list[int] or float or (float, float) or list[bool]

mouseover

bool

path_effects

AbstractPathEffect

picker

float or callable[[Artist, Event], tuple[bool, dict]]

pickradius

float

rasterized

bool

sketch_params

(scale: float, length: float, randomness: float)

snap

bool or None

solid_capstyle

CapStyle or {'butt', 'projecting', 'round'}

solid_joinstyle

JoinStyle or {'miter', 'round', 'bevel'}

transform

unknown

url

str

visible

bool

xdata

1D array

ydata

1D array

zorder

float

See also

matplotlib.dates

Helper functions on dates.

matplotlib.dates.date2num

Convert dates to num.

matplotlib.dates.num2date

Convert num to dates.

matplotlib.dates.drange

Create an equally spaced sequence of dates.

Notes

If you are using custom date tickers and formatters, it may be necessary to set the formatters/locators after the call to plot_date. plot_date will set the default tick locator to AutoDateLocator (if the tick locator is not already set to a DateLocator instance) and the default tick formatter to AutoDateFormatter (if the tick formatter is not already set to a DateFormatter instance).