A Cairo backend for matplotlib

Author:Steve Chaplin and others

This backend depends on cairocffi or pycairo.


alias of matplotlib.backends.backend_cairo.FigureCanvasCairo

class matplotlib.backends.backend_cairo.FigureCanvasCairo(figure)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.backend_bases.FigureCanvasBase

print_pdf(self, fobj, *args, **kwargs)[source]
print_png(self, fobj, *args, **kwargs)[source]
print_ps(self, fobj, *args, **kwargs)[source]
print_raw(self, fobj, *args, **kwargs)
print_rgba(self, fobj, *args, **kwargs)[source]
print_svg(self, fobj, *args, **kwargs)[source]
print_svgz(self, fobj, *args, **kwargs)[source]
class matplotlib.backends.backend_cairo.GraphicsContextCairo(renderer)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.backend_bases.GraphicsContextBase


Return a tuple of three or four floats from 0-1.


Restore the graphics context from the stack - needed only for backends that save graphics contexts on a stack.

set_alpha(self, alpha)[source]

Set the alpha value used for blending - not supported on all backends.

If alpha=None (the default), the alpha components of the foreground and fill colors will be used to set their respective transparencies (where applicable); otherwise, alpha will override them.

set_capstyle(self, cs)[source]

Set the capstyle to be one of ('butt', 'round', 'projecting').

set_clip_path(self, path)[source]

Set the clip path and transformation.

pathTransformedPath or None
set_clip_rectangle(self, rectangle)[source]

Set the clip rectangle with sequence (left, bottom, width, height)

set_dashes(self, offset, dashes)[source]

Set the dash style for the gc.

dash_offsetfloat or None

The offset (usually 0).

dash_listarray-like or None

The on-off sequence as points.


(None, None) specifies a solid line.

See p. 107 of to PostScript blue book for more info.

set_foreground(self, fg, isRGBA=None)[source]

Set the foreground color.


If fg is known to be an (r, g, b, a) tuple, isRGBA can be set to True to improve performance.

set_joinstyle(self, js)[source]

Set the join style to be one of ('miter', 'round', 'bevel').

set_linewidth(self, w)[source]

Set the linewidth in points.

class matplotlib.backends.backend_cairo.RendererCairo(dpi)[source]

Bases: matplotlib.backend_bases.RendererBase

draw_image(self, gc, x, y, im)[source]

Draw an RGBA image.


A graphics context with clipping information.


The distance in physical units (i.e., dots or pixels) from the left hand side of the canvas.


The distance in physical units (i.e., dots or pixels) from the bottom side of the canvas.

imarray-like, shape=(N, M, 4), dtype=np.uint8

An array of RGBA pixels.


If and only if the concrete backend is written such that option_scale_image() returns True, an affine transformation may be passed to draw_image(). It takes the form of a Affine2DBase instance. The translation vector of the transformation is given in physical units (i.e., dots or pixels). Note that the transformation does not override x and y, and has to be applied before translating the result by x and y (this can be accomplished by adding x and y to the translation vector defined by transform).

draw_markers(self, gc, marker_path, marker_trans, path, transform, rgbFace=None)[source]

Draw a marker at each of the vertices in path.

This includes all vertices, including control points on curves. To avoid that behavior, those vertices should be removed before calling this function.

This provides a fallback implementation of draw_markers that makes multiple calls to draw_path(). Some backends may want to override this method in order to draw the marker only once and reuse it multiple times.


The graphics context.


An affine transform applied to the marker.


An affine transform applied to the path.

draw_path(self, gc, path, transform, rgbFace=None)[source]

Draw a Path instance using the given affine transform.

draw_text(self, gc, x, y, s, prop, angle, ismath=False, mtext=None)[source]

Draw the text instance.


The graphics context.


The x location of the text in display coords.


The y location of the text baseline in display coords.


The text string.


The font properties.


The rotation angle in degrees anti-clockwise.


The original text object to be rendered.


Note for backend implementers:

When you are trying to determine if you have gotten your bounding box right (which is what enables the text layout/alignment to work properly), it helps to change the line in

if 0: bbox_artist(self, renderer)

to if 1, and then the actual bounding box will be plotted along with your text.

fontangles = {'italic': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_SLANT_ITALIC' id='140056179458784'>, 'normal': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_SLANT_NORMAL' id='140056179474880'>, 'oblique': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_SLANT_OBLIQUE' id='140056179490976'>}
fontweights = {100: <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_NORMAL' id='140056179430784'>, 200: <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_NORMAL' id='140056179430784'>, 300: <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_NORMAL' id='140056179430784'>, 400: <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_NORMAL' id='140056179430784'>, 500: <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_NORMAL' id='140056179430784'>, 600: <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_BOLD' id='140056179446784'>, 700: <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_BOLD' id='140056179446784'>, 800: <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_BOLD' id='140056179446784'>, 900: <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_BOLD' id='140056179446784'>, 'ultralight': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_NORMAL' id='140056179430784'>, 'light': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_NORMAL' id='140056179430784'>, 'normal': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_NORMAL' id='140056179430784'>, 'medium': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_NORMAL' id='140056179430784'>, 'regular': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_NORMAL' id='140056179430784'>, 'semibold': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_BOLD' id='140056179446784'>, 'bold': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_BOLD' id='140056179446784'>, 'heavy': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_BOLD' id='140056179446784'>, 'ultrabold': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_BOLD' id='140056179446784'>, 'black': <MyCairoCffi name='mock.FONT_WEIGHT_BOLD' id='140056179446784'>}

Return the canvas width and height in display coords.

get_text_width_height_descent(self, s, prop, ismath)[source]

Get the width, height, and descent (offset from the bottom to the baseline), in display coords, of the string s with FontProperties prop


Return an instance of a GraphicsContextBase.

points_to_pixels(self, points)[source]

Convert points to display units.

You need to override this function (unless your backend doesn't have a dpi, e.g., postscript or svg). Some imaging systems assume some value for pixels per inch:

points to pixels = points * pixels_per_inch/72 * dpi/72
pointsfloat or array-like

a float or a numpy array of float

Points converted to pixels
set_ctx_from_surface(self, surface)[source]
set_width_height(self, width, height)[source]