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# matplotlib.pyplot.pie¶

`matplotlib.pyplot.``pie`(x, explode=None, labels=None, colors=None, autopct=None, pctdistance=0.6, shadow=False, labeldistance=1.1, startangle=None, radius=None, counterclock=True, wedgeprops=None, textprops=None, center=(0, 0), frame=False, rotatelabels=False, hold=None, data=None)

Plot a pie chart.

Make a pie chart of array x. The fractional area of each wedge is given by `x/sum(x)`. If `sum(x) < 1`, then the values of x give the fractional area directly and the array will not be normalized. The resulting pie will have an empty wedge of size `1 - sum(x)`.

The wedges are plotted counterclockwise, by default starting from the x-axis.

Parameters: x : array-like The wedge sizes. explode : array-like, optional, default: None If not None, is a `len(x)` array which specifies the fraction of the radius with which to offset each wedge. labels : list, optional, default: None A sequence of strings providing the labels for each wedge colors : array-like, optional, default: None A sequence of matplotlib color args through which the pie chart will cycle. If None, will use the colors in the currently active cycle. autopct : None (default), string, or function, optional If not None, is a string or function used to label the wedges with their numeric value. The label will be placed inside the wedge. If it is a format string, the label will be `fmt%pct`. If it is a function, it will be called. pctdistance : float, optional, default: 0.6 The ratio between the center of each pie slice and the start of the text generated by autopct. Ignored if autopct is None. shadow : bool, optional, default: False Draw a shadow beneath the pie. labeldistance : float, optional, default: 1.1 The radial distance at which the pie labels are drawn startangle : float, optional, default: None If not None, rotates the start of the pie chart by angle degrees counterclockwise from the x-axis. radius : float, optional, default: None The radius of the pie, if radius is None it will be set to 1. counterclock : bool, optional, default: True Specify fractions direction, clockwise or counterclockwise. wedgeprops : dict, optional, default: None Dict of arguments passed to the wedge objects making the pie. For example, you can pass in `wedgeprops = {'linewidth': 3}` to set the width of the wedge border lines equal to 3. For more details, look at the doc/arguments of the wedge object. By default `clip_on=False`. textprops : dict, optional, default: None Dict of arguments to pass to the text objects. center : list of float, optional, default: (0, 0) Center position of the chart. Takes value (0, 0) or is a sequence of 2 scalars. frame : bool, optional, default: False Plot axes frame with the chart if true. rotatelabels : bool, optional, default: False Rotate each label to the angle of the corresponding slice if true. patches : list A sequence of `matplotlib.patches.Wedge` instances texts : list A list of the label `matplotlib.text.Text` instances. autotexts : list A list of `Text` instances for the numeric labels. This will only be returned if the parameter autopct is not None.

Notes

The pie chart will probably look best if the figure and axes are square, or the Axes aspect is equal.

Note

In addition to the above described arguments, this function can take a data keyword argument. If such a data argument is given, the following arguments are replaced by data[<arg>]:

• All arguments with the following names: ‘colors’, ‘explode’, ‘labels’, ‘x’.