Version 3.0.2
matplotlib
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Source code for matplotlib.backends.backend_ps

"""
A PostScript backend, which can produce both PostScript .ps and .eps.
"""

import binascii
import datetime
import glob
from io import StringIO, TextIOWrapper
import logging
import os
import pathlib
import re
import shutil
import subprocess
import sys
from tempfile import TemporaryDirectory
import time

import numpy as np

from matplotlib import cbook, __version__, rcParams, checkdep_ghostscript
from matplotlib.afm import AFM
from matplotlib.backend_bases import (
    _Backend, FigureCanvasBase, FigureManagerBase, GraphicsContextBase,
    RendererBase)
from matplotlib.cbook import (get_realpath_and_stat, is_writable_file_like,
                              maxdict, file_requires_unicode)
from matplotlib.font_manager import findfont, is_opentype_cff_font, get_font
from matplotlib.ft2font import KERNING_DEFAULT, LOAD_NO_HINTING
from matplotlib.ttconv import convert_ttf_to_ps
from matplotlib.mathtext import MathTextParser
from matplotlib._mathtext_data import uni2type1
from matplotlib.path import Path
from matplotlib import _path
from matplotlib.transforms import Affine2D
from matplotlib.backends.backend_mixed import MixedModeRenderer

_log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

backend_version = 'Level II'

debugPS = 0


[docs]class PsBackendHelper(object): def __init__(self): self._cached = {} @property def gs_exe(self): """ executable name of ghostscript. """ try: return self._cached["gs_exe"] except KeyError: pass gs_exe, gs_version = checkdep_ghostscript() if gs_exe is None: gs_exe = 'gs' self._cached["gs_exe"] = str(gs_exe) return str(gs_exe) @property def gs_version(self): """ version of ghostscript. """ try: return self._cached["gs_version"] except KeyError: pass s = subprocess.Popen( [self.gs_exe, "--version"], stdout=subprocess.PIPE) pipe, stderr = s.communicate() ver = pipe.decode('ascii') try: gs_version = tuple(map(int, ver.strip().split("."))) except ValueError: # if something went wrong parsing return null version number gs_version = (0, 0) self._cached["gs_version"] = gs_version return gs_version @property def supports_ps2write(self): """ True if the installed ghostscript supports ps2write device. """ return self.gs_version[0] >= 9
ps_backend_helper = PsBackendHelper() papersize = {'letter': (8.5,11), 'legal': (8.5,14), 'ledger': (11,17), 'a0': (33.11,46.81), 'a1': (23.39,33.11), 'a2': (16.54,23.39), 'a3': (11.69,16.54), 'a4': (8.27,11.69), 'a5': (5.83,8.27), 'a6': (4.13,5.83), 'a7': (2.91,4.13), 'a8': (2.07,2.91), 'a9': (1.457,2.05), 'a10': (1.02,1.457), 'b0': (40.55,57.32), 'b1': (28.66,40.55), 'b2': (20.27,28.66), 'b3': (14.33,20.27), 'b4': (10.11,14.33), 'b5': (7.16,10.11), 'b6': (5.04,7.16), 'b7': (3.58,5.04), 'b8': (2.51,3.58), 'b9': (1.76,2.51), 'b10': (1.26,1.76)} def _get_papertype(w, h): for key, (pw, ph) in sorted(papersize.items(), reverse=True): if key.startswith('l'): continue if w < pw and h < ph: return key return 'a0' def _num_to_str(val): if isinstance(val, str): return val ival = int(val) if val == ival: return str(ival) s = "%1.3f"%val s = s.rstrip("0") s = s.rstrip(".") return s def _nums_to_str(*args): return ' '.join(map(_num_to_str,args))
[docs]def quote_ps_string(s): "Quote dangerous characters of S for use in a PostScript string constant." s = s.replace(b"\\", b"\\\\") s = s.replace(b"(", b"\\(") s = s.replace(b")", b"\\)") s = s.replace(b"'", b"\\251") s = s.replace(b"`", b"\\301") s = re.sub(br"[^ -~\n]", lambda x: br"\%03o" % ord(x.group()), s) return s.decode('ascii')
def _move_path_to_path_or_stream(src, dst): """Move the contents of file at *src* to path-or-filelike *dst*. If *dst* is a path, the metadata of *src* are *not* copied. """ if is_writable_file_like(dst): fh = (open(src, 'r', encoding='latin-1') if file_requires_unicode(dst) else open(src, 'rb')) with fh: shutil.copyfileobj(fh, dst) else: shutil.move(src, dst, copy_function=shutil.copyfile)
[docs]class RendererPS(RendererBase): """ The renderer handles all the drawing primitives using a graphics context instance that controls the colors/styles. """ afmfontd = maxdict(50) def __init__(self, width, height, pswriter, imagedpi=72): """ Although postscript itself is dpi independent, we need to imform the image code about a requested dpi to generate high res images and them scale them before embeddin them """ RendererBase.__init__(self) self.width = width self.height = height self._pswriter = pswriter if rcParams['text.usetex']: self.textcnt = 0 self.psfrag = [] self.imagedpi = imagedpi # current renderer state (None=uninitialised) self.color = None self.linewidth = None self.linejoin = None self.linecap = None self.linedash = None self.fontname = None self.fontsize = None self._hatches = {} self.image_magnification = imagedpi/72.0 self._clip_paths = {} self._path_collection_id = 0 self.used_characters = {} self.mathtext_parser = MathTextParser("PS") self._afm_font_dir = os.path.join( rcParams['datapath'], 'fonts', 'afm')
[docs] def track_characters(self, font, s): """Keeps track of which characters are required from each font.""" realpath, stat_key = get_realpath_and_stat(font.fname) used_characters = self.used_characters.setdefault( stat_key, (realpath, set())) used_characters[1].update(map(ord, s))
[docs] def merge_used_characters(self, other): for stat_key, (realpath, charset) in other.items(): used_characters = self.used_characters.setdefault( stat_key, (realpath, set())) used_characters[1].update(charset)
[docs] def set_color(self, r, g, b, store=1): if (r,g,b) != self.color: if r==g and r==b: self._pswriter.write("%1.3f setgray\n"%r) else: self._pswriter.write("%1.3f %1.3f %1.3f setrgbcolor\n"%(r,g,b)) if store: self.color = (r,g,b)
[docs] def set_linewidth(self, linewidth, store=1): linewidth = float(linewidth) if linewidth != self.linewidth: self._pswriter.write("%1.3f setlinewidth\n"%linewidth) if store: self.linewidth = linewidth
[docs] def set_linejoin(self, linejoin, store=1): if linejoin != self.linejoin: self._pswriter.write("%d setlinejoin\n"%linejoin) if store: self.linejoin = linejoin
[docs] def set_linecap(self, linecap, store=1): if linecap != self.linecap: self._pswriter.write("%d setlinecap\n"%linecap) if store: self.linecap = linecap
[docs] def set_linedash(self, offset, seq, store=1): if self.linedash is not None: oldo, oldseq = self.linedash if np.array_equal(seq, oldseq) and oldo == offset: return if seq is not None and len(seq): s="[%s] %d setdash\n"%(_nums_to_str(*seq), offset) self._pswriter.write(s) else: self._pswriter.write("[] 0 setdash\n") if store: self.linedash = (offset, seq)
[docs] def set_font(self, fontname, fontsize, store=1): if rcParams['ps.useafm']: return if (fontname, fontsize) != (self.fontname,self.fontsize): out = ("/%s findfont\n" "%1.3f scalefont\n" "setfont\n" % (fontname, fontsize)) self._pswriter.write(out) if store: self.fontname = fontname self.fontsize = fontsize
[docs] def create_hatch(self, hatch): sidelen = 72 if hatch in self._hatches: return self._hatches[hatch] name = 'H%d' % len(self._hatches) linewidth = rcParams['hatch.linewidth'] pageheight = self.height * 72 self._pswriter.write("""\ << /PatternType 1 /PaintType 2 /TilingType 2 /BBox[0 0 %(sidelen)d %(sidelen)d] /XStep %(sidelen)d /YStep %(sidelen)d /PaintProc { pop %(linewidth)f setlinewidth """ % locals()) self._pswriter.write( self._convert_path(Path.hatch(hatch), Affine2D().scale(sidelen), simplify=False)) self._pswriter.write("""\ fill stroke } bind >> matrix 0.0 %(pageheight)f translate makepattern /%(name)s exch def """ % locals()) self._hatches[hatch] = name return name
[docs] def get_canvas_width_height(self): 'return the canvas width and height in display coords' return self.width * 72.0, self.height * 72.0
[docs] def get_text_width_height_descent(self, s, prop, ismath): """ get the width and height in display coords of the string s with FontPropertry prop """ if rcParams['text.usetex']: texmanager = self.get_texmanager() fontsize = prop.get_size_in_points() w, h, d = texmanager.get_text_width_height_descent(s, fontsize, renderer=self) return w, h, d if ismath: width, height, descent, pswriter, used_characters = \ self.mathtext_parser.parse(s, 72, prop) return width, height, descent if rcParams['ps.useafm']: if ismath: s = s[1:-1] font = self._get_font_afm(prop) l,b,w,h,d = font.get_str_bbox_and_descent(s) fontsize = prop.get_size_in_points() scale = 0.001*fontsize w *= scale h *= scale d *= scale return w, h, d font = self._get_font_ttf(prop) font.set_text(s, 0.0, flags=LOAD_NO_HINTING) w, h = font.get_width_height() w /= 64.0 # convert from subpixels h /= 64.0 d = font.get_descent() d /= 64.0 return w, h, d
[docs] def flipy(self): 'return true if small y numbers are top for renderer' return False
def _get_font_afm(self, prop): key = hash(prop) font = self.afmfontd.get(key) if font is None: fname = findfont(prop, fontext='afm', directory=self._afm_font_dir) if fname is None: fname = findfont( "Helvetica", fontext='afm', directory=self._afm_font_dir) font = self.afmfontd.get(fname) if font is None: with open(fname, 'rb') as fh: font = AFM(fh) self.afmfontd[fname] = font self.afmfontd[key] = font return font def _get_font_ttf(self, prop): fname = findfont(prop) font = get_font(fname) font.clear() size = prop.get_size_in_points() font.set_size(size, 72.0) return font def _rgb(self, rgba): h, w = rgba.shape[:2] rgb = rgba[::-1, :, :3] return h, w, rgb.tostring() def _hex_lines(self, s, chars_per_line=128): s = binascii.b2a_hex(s) nhex = len(s) lines = [] for i in range(0,nhex,chars_per_line): limit = min(i+chars_per_line, nhex) lines.append(s[i:limit]) return lines
[docs] def get_image_magnification(self): """ Get the factor by which to magnify images passed to draw_image. Allows a backend to have images at a different resolution to other artists. """ return self.image_magnification
[docs] def option_scale_image(self): """ ps backend support arbitrary scaling of image. """ return True
[docs] def option_image_nocomposite(self): """ return whether to generate a composite image from multiple images on a set of axes """ return not rcParams['image.composite_image']
def _get_image_h_w_bits_command(self, im): h, w, bits = self._rgb(im) imagecmd = "false 3 colorimage" return h, w, bits, imagecmd
[docs] def draw_image(self, gc, x, y, im, transform=None): """ Draw the Image instance into the current axes; x is the distance in pixels from the left hand side of the canvas and y is the distance from bottom """ h, w, bits, imagecmd = self._get_image_h_w_bits_command(im) hexlines = b'\n'.join(self._hex_lines(bits)).decode('ascii') if transform is None: matrix = "1 0 0 1 0 0" xscale = w / self.image_magnification yscale = h / self.image_magnification else: matrix = " ".join(map(str, transform.frozen().to_values())) xscale = 1.0 yscale = 1.0 figh = self.height * 72 bbox = gc.get_clip_rectangle() clippath, clippath_trans = gc.get_clip_path() clip = [] if bbox is not None: clipx,clipy,clipw,cliph = bbox.bounds clip.append('%s clipbox' % _nums_to_str(clipw, cliph, clipx, clipy)) if clippath is not None: id = self._get_clip_path(clippath, clippath_trans) clip.append('%s' % id) clip = '\n'.join(clip) ps = """gsave %(clip)s %(x)s %(y)s translate [%(matrix)s] concat %(xscale)s %(yscale)s scale /DataString %(w)s string def %(w)s %(h)s 8 [ %(w)s 0 0 -%(h)s 0 %(h)s ] { currentfile DataString readhexstring pop } bind %(imagecmd)s %(hexlines)s grestore """ % locals() self._pswriter.write(ps)
def _convert_path(self, path, transform, clip=False, simplify=None): if clip: clip = (0.0, 0.0, self.width * 72.0, self.height * 72.0) else: clip = None return _path.convert_to_string( path, transform, clip, simplify, None, 6, [b'm', b'l', b'', b'c', b'cl'], True).decode('ascii') def _get_clip_path(self, clippath, clippath_transform): key = (clippath, id(clippath_transform)) pid = self._clip_paths.get(key) if pid is None: pid = 'c%x' % len(self._clip_paths) ps_cmd = ['/%s {' % pid] ps_cmd.append(self._convert_path(clippath, clippath_transform, simplify=False)) ps_cmd.extend(['clip', 'newpath', '} bind def\n']) self._pswriter.write('\n'.join(ps_cmd)) self._clip_paths[key] = pid return pid
[docs] def draw_path(self, gc, path, transform, rgbFace=None): """ Draws a Path instance using the given affine transform. """ clip = rgbFace is None and gc.get_hatch_path() is None simplify = path.should_simplify and clip ps = self._convert_path(path, transform, clip=clip, simplify=simplify) self._draw_ps(ps, gc, rgbFace)
[docs] def draw_markers( self, gc, marker_path, marker_trans, path, trans, rgbFace=None): """ Draw the markers defined by path at each of the positions in x and y. path coordinates are points, x and y coords will be transformed by the transform """ if debugPS: self._pswriter.write('% draw_markers \n') if rgbFace: if len(rgbFace) == 4 and rgbFace[3] == 0: ps_color = None else: if rgbFace[0] == rgbFace[1] == rgbFace[2]: ps_color = '%1.3f setgray' % rgbFace[0] else: ps_color = '%1.3f %1.3f %1.3f setrgbcolor' % rgbFace[:3] # construct the generic marker command: ps_cmd = ['/o {', 'gsave', 'newpath', 'translate'] # don't want the translate to be global lw = gc.get_linewidth() alpha = (gc.get_alpha() if gc.get_forced_alpha() or len(gc.get_rgb()) == 3 else gc.get_rgb()[3]) stroke = lw > 0 and alpha > 0 if stroke: ps_cmd.append('%.1f setlinewidth' % lw) jint = gc.get_joinstyle() ps_cmd.append('%d setlinejoin' % jint) cint = gc.get_capstyle() ps_cmd.append('%d setlinecap' % cint) ps_cmd.append(self._convert_path(marker_path, marker_trans, simplify=False)) if rgbFace: if stroke: ps_cmd.append('gsave') if ps_color: ps_cmd.extend([ps_color, 'fill']) if stroke: ps_cmd.append('grestore') if stroke: ps_cmd.append('stroke') ps_cmd.extend(['grestore', '} bind def']) for vertices, code in path.iter_segments( trans, clip=(0, 0, self.width*72, self.height*72), simplify=False): if len(vertices): x, y = vertices[-2:] ps_cmd.append("%g %g o" % (x, y)) ps = '\n'.join(ps_cmd) self._draw_ps(ps, gc, rgbFace, fill=False, stroke=False)
[docs] def draw_path_collection(self, gc, master_transform, paths, all_transforms, offsets, offsetTrans, facecolors, edgecolors, linewidths, linestyles, antialiaseds, urls, offset_position): # Is the optimization worth it? Rough calculation: # cost of emitting a path in-line is # (len_path + 2) * uses_per_path # cost of definition+use is # (len_path + 3) + 3 * uses_per_path len_path = len(paths[0].vertices) if len(paths) > 0 else 0 uses_per_path = self._iter_collection_uses_per_path( paths, all_transforms, offsets, facecolors, edgecolors) should_do_optimization = \ len_path + 3 * uses_per_path + 3 < (len_path + 2) * uses_per_path if not should_do_optimization: return RendererBase.draw_path_collection( self, gc, master_transform, paths, all_transforms, offsets, offsetTrans, facecolors, edgecolors, linewidths, linestyles, antialiaseds, urls, offset_position) write = self._pswriter.write path_codes = [] for i, (path, transform) in enumerate(self._iter_collection_raw_paths( master_transform, paths, all_transforms)): name = 'p%x_%x' % (self._path_collection_id, i) ps_cmd = ['/%s {' % name, 'newpath', 'translate'] ps_cmd.append(self._convert_path(path, transform, simplify=False)) ps_cmd.extend(['} bind def\n']) write('\n'.join(ps_cmd)) path_codes.append(name) for xo, yo, path_id, gc0, rgbFace in self._iter_collection( gc, master_transform, all_transforms, path_codes, offsets, offsetTrans, facecolors, edgecolors, linewidths, linestyles, antialiaseds, urls, offset_position): ps = "%g %g %s" % (xo, yo, path_id) self._draw_ps(ps, gc0, rgbFace) self._path_collection_id += 1
[docs] def draw_tex(self, gc, x, y, s, prop, angle, ismath='TeX!', mtext=None): """ draw a Text instance """ w, h, bl = self.get_text_width_height_descent(s, prop, ismath) fontsize = prop.get_size_in_points() thetext = 'psmarker%d' % self.textcnt color = '%1.3f,%1.3f,%1.3f'% gc.get_rgb()[:3] fontcmd = {'sans-serif' : r'{\sffamily %s}', 'monospace' : r'{\ttfamily %s}'}.get( rcParams['font.family'][0], r'{\rmfamily %s}') s = fontcmd % s tex = r'\color[rgb]{%s} %s' % (color, s) corr = 0#w/2*(fontsize-10)/10 if rcParams['text.latex.preview']: # use baseline alignment! pos = _nums_to_str(x-corr, y) self.psfrag.append(r'\psfrag{%s}[Bl][Bl][1][%f]{\fontsize{%f}{%f}%s}'%(thetext, angle, fontsize, fontsize*1.25, tex)) else: # stick to the bottom alignment, but this may give incorrect baseline some times. pos = _nums_to_str(x-corr, y-bl) self.psfrag.append(r'\psfrag{%s}[bl][bl][1][%f]{\fontsize{%f}{%f}%s}'%(thetext, angle, fontsize, fontsize*1.25, tex)) ps = """\ gsave %(pos)s moveto (%(thetext)s) show grestore """ % locals() self._pswriter.write(ps) self.textcnt += 1
[docs] def draw_text(self, gc, x, y, s, prop, angle, ismath=False, mtext=None): """ Draw a Text instance. """ # local to avoid repeated attribute lookups write = self._pswriter.write if debugPS: write("% text\n") if len(gc.get_rgb()) == 4 and gc.get_rgb()[3] == 0: return # Special handling for fully transparent. if ismath=='TeX': return self.draw_tex(gc, x, y, s, prop, angle) elif ismath: return self.draw_mathtext(gc, x, y, s, prop, angle) elif rcParams['ps.useafm']: self.set_color(*gc.get_rgb()) font = self._get_font_afm(prop) fontname = font.get_fontname() fontsize = prop.get_size_in_points() scale = 0.001*fontsize thisx = 0 thisy = font.get_str_bbox_and_descent(s)[4] * scale last_name = None lines = [] for c in s: name = uni2type1.get(ord(c), 'question') try: width = font.get_width_from_char_name(name) except KeyError: name = 'question' width = font.get_width_char('?') if last_name is not None: kern = font.get_kern_dist_from_name(last_name, name) else: kern = 0 last_name = name thisx += kern * scale lines.append('%f %f m /%s glyphshow'%(thisx, thisy, name)) thisx += width * scale thetext = "\n".join(lines) ps = """\ gsave /%(fontname)s findfont %(fontsize)s scalefont setfont %(x)f %(y)f translate %(angle)f rotate %(thetext)s grestore """ % locals() self._pswriter.write(ps) else: font = self._get_font_ttf(prop) font.set_text(s, 0, flags=LOAD_NO_HINTING) self.track_characters(font, s) self.set_color(*gc.get_rgb()) ps_name = (font.postscript_name .encode('ascii', 'replace').decode('ascii')) self.set_font(ps_name, prop.get_size_in_points()) lastgind = None lines = [] thisx = 0 thisy = 0 for c in s: ccode = ord(c) gind = font.get_char_index(ccode) if gind is None: ccode = ord('?') name = '.notdef' gind = 0 else: name = font.get_glyph_name(gind) glyph = font.load_char(ccode, flags=LOAD_NO_HINTING) if lastgind is not None: kern = font.get_kerning(lastgind, gind, KERNING_DEFAULT) else: kern = 0 lastgind = gind thisx += kern/64.0 lines.append('%f %f m /%s glyphshow'%(thisx, thisy, name)) thisx += glyph.linearHoriAdvance/65536.0 thetext = '\n'.join(lines) ps = """gsave %(x)f %(y)f translate %(angle)f rotate %(thetext)s grestore """ % locals() self._pswriter.write(ps)
[docs] def new_gc(self): return GraphicsContextPS()
[docs] def draw_mathtext(self, gc, x, y, s, prop, angle): """ Draw the math text using matplotlib.mathtext """ if debugPS: self._pswriter.write("% mathtext\n") width, height, descent, pswriter, used_characters = \ self.mathtext_parser.parse(s, 72, prop) self.merge_used_characters(used_characters) self.set_color(*gc.get_rgb()) thetext = pswriter.getvalue() ps = """gsave %(x)f %(y)f translate %(angle)f rotate %(thetext)s grestore """ % locals() self._pswriter.write(ps)
[docs] def draw_gouraud_triangle(self, gc, points, colors, trans): self.draw_gouraud_triangles(gc, points.reshape((1, 3, 2)), colors.reshape((1, 3, 4)), trans)
[docs] def draw_gouraud_triangles(self, gc, points, colors, trans): assert len(points) == len(colors) assert points.ndim == 3 assert points.shape[1] == 3 assert points.shape[2] == 2 assert colors.ndim == 3 assert colors.shape[1] == 3 assert colors.shape[2] == 4 shape = points.shape flat_points = points.reshape((shape[0] * shape[1], 2)) flat_points = trans.transform(flat_points) flat_colors = colors.reshape((shape[0] * shape[1], 4)) points_min = np.min(flat_points, axis=0) - (1 << 12) points_max = np.max(flat_points, axis=0) + (1 << 12) factor = np.ceil((2 ** 32 - 1) / (points_max - points_min)) xmin, ymin = points_min xmax, ymax = points_max streamarr = np.empty( (shape[0] * shape[1],), dtype=[('flags', 'u1'), ('points', '>u4', (2,)), ('colors', 'u1', (3,))]) streamarr['flags'] = 0 streamarr['points'] = (flat_points - points_min) * factor streamarr['colors'] = flat_colors[:, :3] * 255.0 stream = quote_ps_string(streamarr.tostring()) self._pswriter.write(""" gsave << /ShadingType 4 /ColorSpace [/DeviceRGB] /BitsPerCoordinate 32 /BitsPerComponent 8 /BitsPerFlag 8 /AntiAlias true /Decode [ %(xmin)f %(xmax)f %(ymin)f %(ymax)f 0 1 0 1 0 1 ] /DataSource (%(stream)s) >> shfill grestore """ % locals())
def _draw_ps(self, ps, gc, rgbFace, fill=True, stroke=True, command=None): """ Emit the PostScript sniplet 'ps' with all the attributes from 'gc' applied. 'ps' must consist of PostScript commands to construct a path. The fill and/or stroke kwargs can be set to False if the 'ps' string already includes filling and/or stroking, in which case _draw_ps is just supplying properties and clipping. """ # local variable eliminates all repeated attribute lookups write = self._pswriter.write if debugPS and command: write("% "+command+"\n") mightstroke = gc.shouldstroke() stroke = stroke and mightstroke fill = (fill and rgbFace is not None and (len(rgbFace) <= 3 or rgbFace[3] != 0.0)) hatch = gc.get_hatch() if mightstroke: self.set_linewidth(gc.get_linewidth()) jint = gc.get_joinstyle() self.set_linejoin(jint) cint = gc.get_capstyle() self.set_linecap(cint) self.set_linedash(*gc.get_dashes()) self.set_color(*gc.get_rgb()[:3]) write('gsave\n') cliprect = gc.get_clip_rectangle() if cliprect: x,y,w,h=cliprect.bounds write('%1.4g %1.4g %1.4g %1.4g clipbox\n' % (w,h,x,y)) clippath, clippath_trans = gc.get_clip_path() if clippath: id = self._get_clip_path(clippath, clippath_trans) write('%s\n' % id) # Jochen, is the strip necessary? - this could be a honking big string write(ps.strip()) write("\n") if fill: if stroke or hatch: write("gsave\n") self.set_color(store=0, *rgbFace[:3]) write("fill\n") if stroke or hatch: write("grestore\n") if hatch: hatch_name = self.create_hatch(hatch) write("gsave\n") write("%f %f %f " % gc.get_hatch_color()[:3]) write("%s setpattern fill grestore\n" % hatch_name) if stroke: write("stroke\n") write("grestore\n")
[docs]class GraphicsContextPS(GraphicsContextBase):
[docs] def get_capstyle(self): return {'butt':0, 'round':1, 'projecting':2}[GraphicsContextBase.get_capstyle(self)]
[docs] def get_joinstyle(self): return {'miter':0, 'round':1, 'bevel':2}[GraphicsContextBase.get_joinstyle(self)]
[docs] def shouldstroke(self): return (self.get_linewidth() > 0.0 and (len(self.get_rgb()) <= 3 or self.get_rgb()[3] != 0.0))
[docs]class FigureCanvasPS(FigureCanvasBase): _renderer_class = RendererPS fixed_dpi = 72
[docs] def draw(self): pass
filetypes = {'ps' : 'Postscript', 'eps' : 'Encapsulated Postscript'}
[docs] def get_default_filetype(self): return 'ps'
[docs] def print_ps(self, outfile, *args, **kwargs): return self._print_ps(outfile, 'ps', *args, **kwargs)
[docs] def print_eps(self, outfile, *args, **kwargs): return self._print_ps(outfile, 'eps', *args, **kwargs)
def _print_ps(self, outfile, format, *args, papertype=None, dpi=72, facecolor='w', edgecolor='w', orientation='portrait', **kwargs): if papertype is None: papertype = rcParams['ps.papersize'] papertype = papertype.lower() if papertype == 'auto': pass elif papertype not in papersize: raise RuntimeError('%s is not a valid papertype. Use one of %s' % (papertype, ', '.join(papersize))) orientation = orientation.lower() if orientation == 'landscape': isLandscape = True elif orientation == 'portrait': isLandscape = False else: raise RuntimeError('Orientation must be "portrait" or "landscape"') self.figure.set_dpi(72) # Override the dpi kwarg if rcParams['text.usetex']: self._print_figure_tex(outfile, format, dpi, facecolor, edgecolor, orientation, isLandscape, papertype, **kwargs) else: self._print_figure(outfile, format, dpi, facecolor, edgecolor, orientation, isLandscape, papertype, **kwargs) def _print_figure( self, outfile, format, dpi=72, facecolor='w', edgecolor='w', orientation='portrait', isLandscape=False, papertype=None, metadata=None, *, dryrun=False, bbox_inches_restore=None, **kwargs): """ Render the figure to hardcopy. Set the figure patch face and edge colors. This is useful because some of the GUIs have a gray figure face color background and you'll probably want to override this on hardcopy If outfile is a string, it is interpreted as a file name. If the extension matches .ep* write encapsulated postscript, otherwise write a stand-alone PostScript file. If outfile is a file object, a stand-alone PostScript file is written into this file object. metadata must be a dictionary. Currently, only the value for the key 'Creator' is used. """ isEPSF = format == 'eps' if isinstance(outfile, (str, getattr(os, "PathLike", ()),)): outfile = title = getattr(os, "fspath", lambda obj: obj)(outfile) title = title.encode("latin-1", "replace").decode() passed_in_file_object = False elif is_writable_file_like(outfile): title = None passed_in_file_object = True else: raise ValueError("outfile must be a path or a file-like object") # find the appropriate papertype width, height = self.figure.get_size_inches() if papertype == 'auto': if isLandscape: papertype = _get_papertype(height, width) else: papertype = _get_papertype(width, height) if isLandscape: paperHeight, paperWidth = papersize[papertype] else: paperWidth, paperHeight = papersize[papertype] if rcParams['ps.usedistiller'] and not papertype == 'auto': # distillers will improperly clip eps files if the pagesize is # too small if width>paperWidth or height>paperHeight: if isLandscape: papertype = _get_papertype(height, width) paperHeight, paperWidth = papersize[papertype] else: papertype = _get_papertype(width, height) paperWidth, paperHeight = papersize[papertype] # center the figure on the paper xo = 72*0.5*(paperWidth - width) yo = 72*0.5*(paperHeight - height) l, b, w, h = self.figure.bbox.bounds llx = xo lly = yo urx = llx + w ury = lly + h rotation = 0 if isLandscape: llx, lly, urx, ury = lly, llx, ury, urx xo, yo = 72*paperHeight - yo, xo rotation = 90 bbox = (llx, lly, urx, ury) # generate PostScript code for the figure and store it in a string origfacecolor = self.figure.get_facecolor() origedgecolor = self.figure.get_edgecolor() self.figure.set_facecolor(facecolor) self.figure.set_edgecolor(edgecolor) if dryrun: class NullWriter(object): def write(self, *kl, **kwargs): pass self._pswriter = NullWriter() else: self._pswriter = StringIO() # mixed mode rendering ps_renderer = self._renderer_class(width, height, self._pswriter, imagedpi=dpi) renderer = MixedModeRenderer(self.figure, width, height, dpi, ps_renderer, bbox_inches_restore=bbox_inches_restore) self.figure.draw(renderer) if dryrun: # return immediately if dryrun (tightbbox=True) return self.figure.set_facecolor(origfacecolor) self.figure.set_edgecolor(origedgecolor) # check for custom metadata if metadata is not None and 'Creator' in metadata: creator_str = metadata['Creator'] else: creator_str = "matplotlib version " + __version__ + \ ", http://matplotlib.org/" def print_figure_impl(fh): # write the PostScript headers if isEPSF: print("%!PS-Adobe-3.0 EPSF-3.0", file=fh) else: print("%!PS-Adobe-3.0", file=fh) if title: print("%%Title: " + title, file=fh) print("%%Creator: " + creator_str, file=fh) # get source date from SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH, if set # See https://reproducible-builds.org/specs/source-date-epoch/ source_date_epoch = os.getenv("SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH") if source_date_epoch: source_date = datetime.datetime.utcfromtimestamp( int(source_date_epoch)).strftime("%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y") else: source_date = time.ctime() print("%%CreationDate: " + source_date, file=fh) print("%%Orientation: " + orientation, file=fh) if not isEPSF: print("%%DocumentPaperSizes: "+papertype, file=fh) print("%%%%BoundingBox: %d %d %d %d" % bbox, file=fh) if not isEPSF: print("%%Pages: 1", file=fh) print("%%EndComments", file=fh) Ndict = len(psDefs) print("%%BeginProlog", file=fh) if not rcParams['ps.useafm']: Ndict += len(ps_renderer.used_characters) print("/mpldict %d dict def" % Ndict, file=fh) print("mpldict begin", file=fh) for d in psDefs: d = d.strip() for l in d.split('\n'): print(l.strip(), file=fh) if not rcParams['ps.useafm']: for font_filename, chars in \ ps_renderer.used_characters.values(): if len(chars): font = get_font(font_filename) glyph_ids = [] for c in chars: gind = font.get_char_index(c) glyph_ids.append(gind) fonttype = rcParams['ps.fonttype'] # Can not use more than 255 characters from a # single font for Type 3 if len(glyph_ids) > 255: fonttype = 42 # The ttf to ps (subsetting) support doesn't work for # OpenType fonts that are Postscript inside (like the # STIX fonts). This will simply turn that off to avoid # errors. if is_opentype_cff_font(font_filename): raise RuntimeError( "OpenType CFF fonts can not be saved using " "the internal Postscript backend at this " "time; consider using the Cairo backend") else: fh.flush() convert_ttf_to_ps(os.fsencode(font_filename), fh, fonttype, glyph_ids) print("end", file=fh) print("%%EndProlog", file=fh) if not isEPSF: print("%%Page: 1 1", file=fh) print("mpldict begin", file=fh) print("%s translate" % _nums_to_str(xo, yo), file=fh) if rotation: print("%d rotate" % rotation, file=fh) print("%s clipbox" % _nums_to_str(width*72, height*72, 0, 0), file=fh) # write the figure content = self._pswriter.getvalue() if not isinstance(content, str): content = content.decode('ascii') print(content, file=fh) # write the trailer print("end", file=fh) print("showpage", file=fh) if not isEPSF: print("%%EOF", file=fh) fh.flush() if rcParams['ps.usedistiller']: # We are going to use an external program to process the output. # Write to a temporary file. with TemporaryDirectory() as tmpdir: tmpfile = os.path.join(tmpdir, "tmp.ps") with open(tmpfile, 'w', encoding='latin-1') as fh: print_figure_impl(fh) if rcParams['ps.usedistiller'] == 'ghostscript': gs_distill(tmpfile, isEPSF, ptype=papertype, bbox=bbox) elif rcParams['ps.usedistiller'] == 'xpdf': xpdf_distill(tmpfile, isEPSF, ptype=papertype, bbox=bbox) _move_path_to_path_or_stream(tmpfile, outfile) else: # Write directly to outfile. if passed_in_file_object: requires_unicode = file_requires_unicode(outfile) if not requires_unicode: fh = TextIOWrapper(outfile, encoding="latin-1") # Prevent the TextIOWrapper from closing the underlying # file. def do_nothing(): pass fh.close = do_nothing else: fh = outfile print_figure_impl(fh) else: with open(outfile, 'w', encoding='latin-1') as fh: print_figure_impl(fh) def _print_figure_tex( self, outfile, format, dpi, facecolor, edgecolor, orientation, isLandscape, papertype, metadata=None, *, dryrun=False, bbox_inches_restore=None, **kwargs): """ If text.usetex is True in rc, a temporary pair of tex/eps files are created to allow tex to manage the text layout via the PSFrags package. These files are processed to yield the final ps or eps file. metadata must be a dictionary. Currently, only the value for the key 'Creator' is used. """ isEPSF = format == 'eps' if isinstance(outfile, str): title = outfile elif is_writable_file_like(outfile): title = None else: raise ValueError("outfile must be a path or a file-like object") self.figure.dpi = 72 # ignore the dpi kwarg width, height = self.figure.get_size_inches() xo = 0 yo = 0 l, b, w, h = self.figure.bbox.bounds llx = xo lly = yo urx = llx + w ury = lly + h bbox = (llx, lly, urx, ury) # generate PostScript code for the figure and store it in a string origfacecolor = self.figure.get_facecolor() origedgecolor = self.figure.get_edgecolor() self.figure.set_facecolor(facecolor) self.figure.set_edgecolor(edgecolor) if dryrun: class NullWriter(object): def write(self, *kl, **kwargs): pass self._pswriter = NullWriter() else: self._pswriter = StringIO() # mixed mode rendering ps_renderer = self._renderer_class(width, height, self._pswriter, imagedpi=dpi) renderer = MixedModeRenderer(self.figure, width, height, dpi, ps_renderer, bbox_inches_restore=bbox_inches_restore) self.figure.draw(renderer) if dryrun: # return immediately if dryrun (tightbbox=True) return self.figure.set_facecolor(origfacecolor) self.figure.set_edgecolor(origedgecolor) # check for custom metadata if metadata is not None and 'Creator' in metadata: creator_str = metadata['Creator'] else: creator_str = "matplotlib version " + __version__ + \ ", http://matplotlib.org/" # write to a temp file, we'll move it to outfile when done with TemporaryDirectory() as tmpdir: tmpfile = os.path.join(tmpdir, "tmp.ps") with open(tmpfile, 'w', encoding='latin-1') as fh: # write the Encapsulated PostScript headers print("%!PS-Adobe-3.0 EPSF-3.0", file=fh) if title: print("%%Title: "+title, file=fh) print("%%Creator: " + creator_str, file=fh) # get source date from SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH, if set # See https://reproducible-builds.org/specs/source-date-epoch/ source_date_epoch = os.getenv("SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH") if source_date_epoch: source_date = datetime.datetime.utcfromtimestamp( int(source_date_epoch)).strftime( "%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y") else: source_date = time.ctime() print("%%CreationDate: "+source_date, file=fh) print("%%%%BoundingBox: %d %d %d %d" % bbox, file=fh) print("%%EndComments", file=fh) Ndict = len(psDefs) print("%%BeginProlog", file=fh) print("/mpldict %d dict def" % Ndict, file=fh) print("mpldict begin", file=fh) for d in psDefs: d = d.strip() for l in d.split('\n'): print(l.strip(), file=fh) print("end", file=fh) print("%%EndProlog", file=fh) print("mpldict begin", file=fh) print("%s translate" % _nums_to_str(xo, yo), file=fh) print("%s clipbox" % _nums_to_str(width*72, height*72, 0, 0), file=fh) # write the figure print(self._pswriter.getvalue(), file=fh) # write the trailer print("end", file=fh) print("showpage", file=fh) fh.flush() if isLandscape: # now we are ready to rotate isLandscape = True width, height = height, width bbox = (lly, llx, ury, urx) # set the paper size to the figure size if isEPSF. The # resulting ps file has the given size with correct bounding # box so that there is no need to call 'pstoeps' if isEPSF: paperWidth, paperHeight = self.figure.get_size_inches() if isLandscape: paperWidth, paperHeight = paperHeight, paperWidth else: temp_papertype = _get_papertype(width, height) if papertype == 'auto': papertype = temp_papertype paperWidth, paperHeight = papersize[temp_papertype] else: paperWidth, paperHeight = papersize[papertype] if (width > paperWidth or height > paperHeight) and isEPSF: paperWidth, paperHeight = papersize[temp_papertype] _log.info('Your figure is too big to fit on %s paper. ' '%s paper will be used to prevent clipping.', papertype, temp_papertype) texmanager = ps_renderer.get_texmanager() font_preamble = texmanager.get_font_preamble() custom_preamble = texmanager.get_custom_preamble() psfrag_rotated = convert_psfrags(tmpfile, ps_renderer.psfrag, font_preamble, custom_preamble, paperWidth, paperHeight, orientation) if (rcParams['ps.usedistiller'] == 'ghostscript' or rcParams['text.usetex']): gs_distill(tmpfile, isEPSF, ptype=papertype, bbox=bbox, rotated=psfrag_rotated) elif rcParams['ps.usedistiller'] == 'xpdf': xpdf_distill(tmpfile, isEPSF, ptype=papertype, bbox=bbox, rotated=psfrag_rotated) _move_path_to_path_or_stream(tmpfile, outfile)
[docs]def convert_psfrags(tmpfile, psfrags, font_preamble, custom_preamble, paperWidth, paperHeight, orientation): """ When we want to use the LaTeX backend with postscript, we write PSFrag tags to a temporary postscript file, each one marking a position for LaTeX to render some text. convert_psfrags generates a LaTeX document containing the commands to convert those tags to text. LaTeX/dvips produces the postscript file that includes the actual text. """ tmpdir = os.path.split(tmpfile)[0] epsfile = tmpfile+'.eps' shutil.move(tmpfile, epsfile) latexfile = tmpfile+'.tex' dvifile = tmpfile+'.dvi' psfile = tmpfile+'.ps' if orientation == 'landscape': angle = 90 else: angle = 0 if rcParams['text.latex.unicode']: unicode_preamble = """\\usepackage{ucs} \\usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc}""" else: unicode_preamble = '' s = """\\documentclass{article} %s %s %s \\usepackage[dvips, papersize={%sin,%sin}, body={%sin,%sin}, margin={0in,0in}]{geometry} \\usepackage{psfrag} \\usepackage[dvips]{graphicx} \\usepackage{color} \\pagestyle{empty} \\begin{document} \\begin{figure} \\centering \\leavevmode %s \\includegraphics*[angle=%s]{%s} \\end{figure} \\end{document} """% (font_preamble, unicode_preamble, custom_preamble, paperWidth, paperHeight, paperWidth, paperHeight, '\n'.join(psfrags), angle, os.path.split(epsfile)[-1]) try: pathlib.Path(latexfile).write_text( s, encoding='utf-8' if rcParams['text.latex.unicode'] else 'ascii') except UnicodeEncodeError: _log.info("You are using unicode and latex, but have not enabled the " "Matplotlib 'text.latex.unicode' rcParam.") raise # Replace \\ for / so latex does not think there is a function call latexfile = latexfile.replace("\\", "/") # Replace ~ so Latex does not think it is line break latexfile = latexfile.replace("~", "\\string~") command = ["latex", "-interaction=nonstopmode", '"%s"' % latexfile] _log.debug('%s', command) try: report = subprocess.check_output(command, cwd=tmpdir, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT) except subprocess.CalledProcessError as exc: raise RuntimeError( ('LaTeX was not able to process the following ' 'file:\n%s\n\n' 'Here is the full report generated by LaTeX:\n%s ' '\n\n' % (latexfile, exc.output.decode("utf-8")))) _log.debug(report) command = ['dvips', '-q', '-R0', '-o', os.path.basename(psfile), os.path.basename(dvifile)] _log.debug(command) try: report = subprocess.check_output(command, cwd=tmpdir, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT) except subprocess.CalledProcessError as exc: raise RuntimeError( ('dvips was not able to process the following ' 'file:\n%s\n\n' 'Here is the full report generated by dvips:\n%s ' '\n\n' % (dvifile, exc.output.decode("utf-8")))) _log.debug(report) os.remove(epsfile) shutil.move(psfile, tmpfile) # check if the dvips created a ps in landscape paper. Somehow, # above latex+dvips results in a ps file in a landscape mode for a # certain figure sizes (e.g., 8.3in,5.8in which is a5). And the # bounding box of the final output got messed up. We check see if # the generated ps file is in landscape and return this # information. The return value is used in pstoeps step to recover # the correct bounding box. 2010-06-05 JJL with open(tmpfile) as fh: if "Landscape" in fh.read(1000): psfrag_rotated = True else: psfrag_rotated = False if not debugPS: for fname in glob.glob(tmpfile+'.*'): os.remove(fname) return psfrag_rotated
[docs]def gs_distill(tmpfile, eps=False, ptype='letter', bbox=None, rotated=False): """ Use ghostscript's pswrite or epswrite device to distill a file. This yields smaller files without illegal encapsulated postscript operators. The output is low-level, converting text to outlines. """ if eps: paper_option = "-dEPSCrop" else: paper_option = "-sPAPERSIZE=%s" % ptype psfile = tmpfile + '.ps' dpi = rcParams['ps.distiller.res'] gs_exe = ps_backend_helper.gs_exe if ps_backend_helper.supports_ps2write: # gs version >= 9 device_name = "ps2write" else: device_name = "pswrite" command = [str(gs_exe), "-dBATCH", "-dNOPAUSE", "-r%d" % dpi, "-sDEVICE=%s" % device_name, paper_option, "-sOutputFile=%s" % psfile, tmpfile] _log.debug(command) try: report = subprocess.check_output(command, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT) except subprocess.CalledProcessError as exc: raise RuntimeError( ('ghostscript was not able to process your image.\n' 'Here is the full report generated by ghostscript:\n%s ' '\n\n' % exc.output.decode("utf-8"))) _log.debug(report) os.remove(tmpfile) shutil.move(psfile, tmpfile) # While it is best if above steps preserve the original bounding # box, there seem to be cases when it is not. For those cases, # the original bbox can be restored during the pstoeps step. if eps: # For some versions of gs, above steps result in an ps file # where the original bbox is no more correct. Do not adjust # bbox for now. if ps_backend_helper.supports_ps2write: # fo gs version >= 9 w/ ps2write device pstoeps(tmpfile, bbox, rotated=rotated) else: pstoeps(tmpfile)
[docs]def xpdf_distill(tmpfile, eps=False, ptype='letter', bbox=None, rotated=False): """ Use ghostscript's ps2pdf and xpdf's/poppler's pdftops to distill a file. This yields smaller files without illegal encapsulated postscript operators. This distiller is preferred, generating high-level postscript output that treats text as text. """ pdffile = tmpfile + '.pdf' psfile = tmpfile + '.ps' # Pass options as `-foo#bar` instead of `-foo=bar` to keep Windows happy # (https://www.ghostscript.com/doc/9.22/Use.htm#MS_Windows). command = ["ps2pdf", "-dAutoFilterColorImages#false", "-dAutoFilterGrayImages#false", "-dAutoRotatePages#false", "-sGrayImageFilter#FlateEncode", "-sColorImageFilter#FlateEncode", "-dEPSCrop" if eps else "-sPAPERSIZE#%s" % ptype, tmpfile, pdffile] _log.debug(command) try: report = subprocess.check_output(command, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT) except subprocess.CalledProcessError as exc: raise RuntimeError( ('ps2pdf was not able to process your image.\n' 'Here is the full report generated by ps2pdf:\n%s ' '\n\n' % exc.output.decode("utf-8"))) _log.debug(report) command = ["pdftops", "-paper", "match", "-level2", pdffile, psfile] _log.debug(command) try: report = subprocess.check_output(command, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT) except subprocess.CalledProcessError as exc: raise RuntimeError( ('pdftops was not able to process your image.\n' 'Here is the full report generated by pdftops:\n%s ' '\n\n' % exc.output.decode("utf-8"))) _log.debug(report) os.remove(tmpfile) shutil.move(psfile, tmpfile) if eps: pstoeps(tmpfile) for fname in glob.glob(tmpfile+'.*'): os.remove(fname)
[docs]def get_bbox_header(lbrt, rotated=False): """ return a postscript header stringfor the given bbox lbrt=(l, b, r, t). Optionally, return rotate command. """ l, b, r, t = lbrt if rotated: rotate = "%.2f %.2f translate\n90 rotate" % (l+r, 0) else: rotate = "" bbox_info = '%%%%BoundingBox: %d %d %d %d' % (l, b, np.ceil(r), np.ceil(t)) hires_bbox_info = '%%%%HiResBoundingBox: %.6f %.6f %.6f %.6f' % (l, b, r, t) return '\n'.join([bbox_info, hires_bbox_info]), rotate
# get_bbox is deprecated. I don't see any reason to use ghostscript to # find the bounding box, as the required bounding box is alread known.
[docs]@cbook.deprecated("3.0") def get_bbox(tmpfile, bbox): """ Use ghostscript's bbox device to find the center of the bounding box. Return an appropriately sized bbox centered around that point. A bit of a hack. """ gs_exe = ps_backend_helper.gs_exe command = [gs_exe, "-dBATCH", "-dNOPAUSE", "-sDEVICE=bbox", "%s" % tmpfile] _log.debug(command) p = subprocess.Popen(command, stdin=subprocess.PIPE, stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.PIPE, close_fds=True) (stdout, stderr) = (p.stdout, p.stderr) _log.debug(stdout.read()) bbox_info = stderr.read() _log.info(bbox_info) bbox_found = re.search('%%HiResBoundingBox: .*', bbox_info) if bbox_found: bbox_info = bbox_found.group() else: raise RuntimeError('Ghostscript was not able to extract a bounding box.\ Here is the Ghostscript output:\n\n%s' % bbox_info) l, b, r, t = [float(i) for i in bbox_info.split()[-4:]] # this is a hack to deal with the fact that ghostscript does not return the # intended bbox, but a tight bbox. For now, we just center the ink in the # intended bbox. This is not ideal, users may intend the ink to not be # centered. if bbox is None: l, b, r, t = (l-1, b-1, r+1, t+1) else: x = (l+r)/2 y = (b+t)/2 dx = (bbox[2]-bbox[0])/2 dy = (bbox[3]-bbox[1])/2 l,b,r,t = (x-dx, y-dy, x+dx, y+dy) bbox_info = '%%%%BoundingBox: %d %d %d %d' % (l, b, np.ceil(r), np.ceil(t)) hires_bbox_info = '%%%%HiResBoundingBox: %.6f %.6f %.6f %.6f' % (l, b, r, t) return '\n'.join([bbox_info, hires_bbox_info])
[docs]def pstoeps(tmpfile, bbox=None, rotated=False): """ Convert the postscript to encapsulated postscript. The bbox of the eps file will be replaced with the given *bbox* argument. If None, original bbox will be used. """ # if rotated==True, the output eps file need to be rotated if bbox: bbox_info, rotate = get_bbox_header(bbox, rotated=rotated) else: bbox_info, rotate = None, None epsfile = tmpfile + '.eps' with open(epsfile, 'wb') as epsh, open(tmpfile, 'rb') as tmph: write = epsh.write # Modify the header: for line in tmph: if line.startswith(b'%!PS'): write(b"%!PS-Adobe-3.0 EPSF-3.0\n") if bbox: write(bbox_info.encode('ascii') + b'\n') elif line.startswith(b'%%EndComments'): write(line) write(b'%%BeginProlog\n' b'save\n' b'countdictstack\n' b'mark\n' b'newpath\n' b'/showpage {} def\n' b'/setpagedevice {pop} def\n' b'%%EndProlog\n' b'%%Page 1 1\n') if rotate: write(rotate.encode('ascii') + b'\n') break elif bbox and line.startswith((b'%%Bound', b'%%HiResBound', b'%%DocumentMedia', b'%%Pages')): pass else: write(line) # Now rewrite the rest of the file, and modify the trailer. # This is done in a second loop such that the header of the embedded # eps file is not modified. for line in tmph: if line.startswith(b'%%EOF'): write(b'cleartomark\n' b'countdictstack\n' b'exch sub { end } repeat\n' b'restore\n' b'showpage\n' b'%%EOF\n') elif line.startswith(b'%%PageBoundingBox'): pass else: write(line) os.remove(tmpfile) shutil.move(epsfile, tmpfile)
FigureManagerPS = FigureManagerBase # The following Python dictionary psDefs contains the entries for the # PostScript dictionary mpldict. This dictionary implements most of # the matplotlib primitives and some abbreviations. # # References: # http://www.adobe.com/products/postscript/pdfs/PLRM.pdf # http://www.mactech.com/articles/mactech/Vol.09/09.04/PostscriptTutorial/ # http://www.math.ubc.ca/people/faculty/cass/graphics/text/www/ # # The usage comments use the notation of the operator summary # in the PostScript Language reference manual. psDefs = [ # x y *m* - "/m { moveto } bind def", # x y *l* - "/l { lineto } bind def", # x y *r* - "/r { rlineto } bind def", # x1 y1 x2 y2 x y *c* - "/c { curveto } bind def", # *closepath* - "/cl { closepath } bind def", # w h x y *box* - """/box { m 1 index 0 r 0 exch r neg 0 r cl } bind def""", # w h x y *clipbox* - """/clipbox { box clip newpath } bind def""", ] @_Backend.export class _BackendPS(_Backend): FigureCanvas = FigureCanvasPS