mplot3d API


pyplot cannot be used to add content to 3D plots, because its function signatures are strictly 2D and cannot handle the additional information needed for 3D. Instead, use the explicit API by calling the respective methods on the Axes3D object.



3D plotting in Matplotlib is still not as mature as the 2D case. Please report any functions that do not behave as expected as a bug. In addition, help and patches would be greatly appreciated!

axes3d.Axes3D(fig[, rect, azim, elev, ...]) 3D axes object.



See mpl_toolkits.mplot3d.axis3d._axinfo for a dictionary containing constants that may be modified for controlling the look and feel of mplot3d axes (e.g., label spacing, font colors and panel colors). Historically, axis3d has suffered from having hard-coded constants that precluded user adjustments, and this dictionary was implemented in version 1.1 as a stop-gap measure.

axis3d.Axis(adir, v_intervalx, d_intervalx, ...) An Axis class for the 3D plots.


art3d.Line3D(xs, ys, zs, *args, **kwargs) 3D line object.
art3d.Line3DCollection(segments, *args[, zorder]) A collection of 3D lines.
art3d.Patch3D(*args[, zs, zdir]) 3D patch object.
art3d.Patch3DCollection(*args[, zs, zdir, ...]) A collection of 3D patches.
art3d.Path3DCollection(*args[, zs, zdir, ...]) A collection of 3D paths.
art3d.PathPatch3D(path, *[, zs, zdir]) 3D PathPatch object.
art3d.Poly3DCollection(verts, *args[, zsort]) A collection of 3D polygons.
art3d.Text3D([x, y, z, text, zdir]) Text object with 3D position and direction.
art3d.get_dir_vector(zdir) Return a direction vector.
art3d.juggle_axes(xs, ys, zs, zdir) Reorder coordinates so that 2D xs, ys can be plotted in the plane orthogonal to zdir.
art3d.line_2d_to_3d(line[, zs, zdir]) Convert a 2D line to 3D.
art3d.line_collection_2d_to_3d(col[, zs, zdir]) Convert a LineCollection to a Line3DCollection object.
art3d.patch_2d_to_3d(patch[, z, zdir]) Convert a Patch to a Patch3D object.
art3d.patch_collection_2d_to_3d(col[, zs, ...]) Convert a PatchCollection into a Patch3DCollection object (or a PathCollection into a Path3DCollection object).
art3d.pathpatch_2d_to_3d(pathpatch[, z, zdir]) Convert a PathPatch to a PathPatch3D object.
art3d.poly_collection_2d_to_3d(col[, zs, zdir]) Convert a PolyCollection to a Poly3DCollection object.
art3d.rotate_axes(xs, ys, zs, zdir) Reorder coordinates so that the axes are rotated with zdir along the original z axis.
art3d.text_2d_to_3d(obj[, z, zdir]) Convert a Text to a Text3D object.


proj3d.inv_transform(xs, ys, zs, M)
proj3d.persp_transformation(zfront, zback)
proj3d.proj_points(points, M)
proj3d.proj_trans_points(points, M)
proj3d.proj_transform(xs, ys, zs, M) Transform the points by the projection matrix
proj3d.proj_transform_clip(xs, ys, zs, M) Transform the points by the projection matrix and return the clipping result returns txs, tys, tzs, tis
proj3d.rot_x(V, alpha)
proj3d.transform(xs, ys, zs, M) Transform the points by the projection matrix
proj3d.view_transformation(E, R, V)
proj3d.world_transformation(xmin, xmax, ...) Produce a matrix that scales homogeneous coords in the specified ranges to [0, 1], or [0, pb_aspect[i]] if the plotbox aspect ratio is specified.