# 3D surface with polar coordinates¶

Demonstrates plotting a surface defined in polar coordinates. Uses the reversed version of the YlGnBu color map. Also demonstrates writing axis labels with latex math mode.

Example contributed by Armin Moser.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

fig = plt.figure()

# Create the mesh in polar coordinates and compute corresponding Z.
r = np.linspace(0, 1.25, 50)
p = np.linspace(0, 2*np.pi, 50)
R, P = np.meshgrid(r, p)
Z = ((R**2 - 1)**2)

# Express the mesh in the cartesian system.
X, Y = R*np.cos(P), R*np.sin(P)

# Plot the surface.
ax.plot_surface(X, Y, Z, cmap=plt.cm.YlGnBu_r)

# Tweak the limits and add latex math labels.
ax.set_zlim(0, 1)
ax.set_xlabel(r'$\phi_\mathrm{real}$')
ax.set_ylabel(r'$\phi_\mathrm{im}$')
ax.set_zlabel(r'$V(\phi)$')

plt.show()


Keywords: matplotlib code example, codex, python plot, pyplot Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery