Source code for matplotlib.artist

from collections import OrderedDict, namedtuple
from functools import wraps
import inspect
import logging
from numbers import Number
import re
import warnings

import numpy as np

import matplotlib as mpl
from . import cbook, docstring
from .path import Path
from .transforms import (Bbox, IdentityTransform, Transform, TransformedBbox,
                         TransformedPatchPath, TransformedPath)

_log = logging.getLogger(__name__)

[docs]def allow_rasterization(draw): """ Decorator for Artist.draw method. Provides routines that run before and after the draw call. The before and after functions are useful for changing artist-dependent renderer attributes or making other setup function calls, such as starting and flushing a mixed-mode renderer. """ # Axes has a second (deprecated) argument inframe for its draw method. # args and kwargs are deprecated, but we don't wrap this in # cbook._delete_parameter for performance; the relevant deprecation # warning will be emitted by the inner draw() call. @wraps(draw) def draw_wrapper(artist, renderer, *args, **kwargs): try: if artist.get_rasterized(): renderer.start_rasterizing() if artist.get_agg_filter() is not None: renderer.start_filter() return draw(artist, renderer, *args, **kwargs) finally: if artist.get_agg_filter() is not None: renderer.stop_filter(artist.get_agg_filter()) if artist.get_rasterized(): renderer.stop_rasterizing() draw_wrapper._supports_rasterization = True return draw_wrapper
def _stale_axes_callback(self, val): if self.axes: self.axes.stale = val _XYPair = namedtuple("_XYPair", "x y")
[docs]class Artist: """ Abstract base class for objects that render into a FigureCanvas. Typically, all visible elements in a figure are subclasses of Artist. """ zorder = 0 def __init__(self): self._stale = True self.stale_callback = None self._axes = None self.figure = None self._transform = None self._transformSet = False self._visible = True self._animated = False self._alpha = None self.clipbox = None self._clippath = None self._clipon = True self._label = '' self._picker = None self._contains = None self._rasterized = None self._agg_filter = None # Normally, artist classes need to be queried for mouseover info if and # only if they override get_cursor_data. self._mouseover = type(self).get_cursor_data != Artist.get_cursor_data self.eventson = False # fire events only if eventson self._oid = 0 # an observer id self._propobservers = {} # a dict from oids to funcs try: self.axes = None except AttributeError: # Handle self.axes as a read-only property, as in Figure. pass self._remove_method = None self._url = None self._gid = None self._snap = None self._sketch = mpl.rcParams['path.sketch'] self._path_effects = mpl.rcParams['path.effects'] self._sticky_edges = _XYPair([], []) self._in_layout = True def __getstate__(self): d = self.__dict__.copy() # remove the unpicklable remove method, this will get re-added on load # (by the axes) if the artist lives on an axes. d['stale_callback'] = None return d
[docs] def remove(self): """ Remove the artist from the figure if possible. The effect will not be visible until the figure is redrawn, e.g., with `.FigureCanvasBase.draw_idle`. Call `~.axes.Axes.relim` to update the axes limits if desired. Note: `~.axes.Axes.relim` will not see collections even if the collection was added to the axes with *autolim* = True. Note: there is no support for removing the artist's legend entry. """ # There is no method to set the callback. Instead the parent should # set the _remove_method attribute directly. This would be a # protected attribute if Python supported that sort of thing. The # callback has one parameter, which is the child to be removed. if self._remove_method is not None: self._remove_method(self) # clear stale callback self.stale_callback = None _ax_flag = False if hasattr(self, 'axes') and self.axes: # remove from the mouse hit list self.axes._mouseover_set.discard(self) # mark the axes as stale self.axes.stale = True # decouple the artist from the axes self.axes = None _ax_flag = True if self.figure: self.figure = None if not _ax_flag: self.figure = True else: raise NotImplementedError('cannot remove artist')
# TODO: the fix for the collections relim problem is to move the # limits calculation into the artist itself, including the property of # whether or not the artist should affect the limits. Then there will # be no distinction between axes.add_line, axes.add_patch, etc. # TODO: add legend support
[docs] def have_units(self): """Return *True* if units are set on any axis.""" ax = self.axes return ax and any(axis.have_units() for axis in ax._get_axis_list())
[docs] def convert_xunits(self, x): """ Convert *x* using the unit type of the xaxis. If the artist is not in contained in an Axes or if the xaxis does not have units, *x* itself is returned. """ ax = getattr(self, 'axes', None) if ax is None or ax.xaxis is None: return x return ax.xaxis.convert_units(x)
[docs] def convert_yunits(self, y): """ Convert *y* using the unit type of the yaxis. If the artist is not in contained in an Axes or if the yaxis does not have units, *y* itself is returned. """ ax = getattr(self, 'axes', None) if ax is None or ax.yaxis is None: return y return ax.yaxis.convert_units(y)
@property def axes(self): """The `~.axes.Axes` instance the artist resides in, or *None*.""" return self._axes @axes.setter def axes(self, new_axes): if (new_axes is not None and self._axes is not None and new_axes != self._axes): raise ValueError("Can not reset the axes. You are probably " "trying to re-use an artist in more than one " "Axes which is not supported") self._axes = new_axes if new_axes is not None and new_axes is not self: self.stale_callback = _stale_axes_callback @property def stale(self): """ Whether the artist is 'stale' and needs to be re-drawn for the output to match the internal state of the artist. """ return self._stale @stale.setter def stale(self, val): self._stale = val # if the artist is animated it does not take normal part in the # draw stack and is not expected to be drawn as part of the normal # draw loop (when not saving) so do not propagate this change if self.get_animated(): return if val and self.stale_callback is not None: self.stale_callback(self, val)
[docs] def get_window_extent(self, renderer): """ Get the axes bounding box in display space. The bounding box' width and height are nonnegative. Subclasses should override for inclusion in the bounding box "tight" calculation. Default is to return an empty bounding box at 0, 0. Be careful when using this function, the results will not update if the artist window extent of the artist changes. The extent can change due to any changes in the transform stack, such as changing the axes limits, the figure size, or the canvas used (as is done when saving a figure). This can lead to unexpected behavior where interactive figures will look fine on the screen, but will save incorrectly. """ return Bbox([[0, 0], [0, 0]])
def _get_clipping_extent_bbox(self): """ Return a bbox with the extents of the intersection of the clip_path and clip_box for this artist, or None if both of these are None, or ``get_clip_on`` is False. """ bbox = None if self.get_clip_on(): clip_box = self.get_clip_box() if clip_box is not None: bbox = clip_box clip_path = self.get_clip_path() if clip_path is not None and bbox is not None: clip_path = clip_path.get_fully_transformed_path() bbox = Bbox.intersection(bbox, clip_path.get_extents()) return bbox def get_tightbbox(self, renderer): """ Like `.Artist.get_window_extent`, but includes any clipping. Parameters ---------- renderer : `.RendererBase` subclass renderer that will be used to draw the figures (i.e. ``fig.canvas.get_renderer()``) Returns ------- `.Bbox` The enclosing bounding box (in figure pixel coordinates). """ bbox = self.get_window_extent(renderer) if self.get_clip_on(): clip_box = self.get_clip_box() if clip_box is not None: bbox = Bbox.intersection(bbox, clip_box) clip_path = self.get_clip_path() if clip_path is not None and bbox is not None: clip_path = clip_path.get_fully_transformed_path() bbox = Bbox.intersection(bbox, clip_path.get_extents()) return bbox
[docs] def add_callback(self, func): """ Add a callback function that will be called whenever one of the `.Artist`'s properties changes. Parameters ---------- func : callable The callback function. It must have the signature:: def func(artist: Artist) -> Any where *artist* is the calling `.Artist`. Return values may exist but are ignored. Returns ------- int The observer id associated with the callback. This id can be used for removing the callback with `.remove_callback` later. See Also -------- remove_callback """ oid = self._oid self._propobservers[oid] = func self._oid += 1 return oid
[docs] def remove_callback(self, oid): """ Remove a callback based on its observer id. See Also -------- add_callback """ try: del self._propobservers[oid] except KeyError: pass
[docs] def pchanged(self): """ Call all of the registered callbacks. This function is triggered internally when a property is changed. See Also -------- add_callback remove_callback """ for oid, func in self._propobservers.items(): func(self)
[docs] def is_transform_set(self): """ Return whether the Artist has an explicitly set transform. This is *True* after `.set_transform` has been called. """ return self._transformSet
[docs] def set_transform(self, t): """ Set the artist transform. Parameters ---------- t : `.Transform` """ self._transform = t self._transformSet = True self.pchanged() self.stale = True
[docs] def get_transform(self): """Return the `.Transform` instance used by this artist.""" if self._transform is None: self._transform = IdentityTransform() elif (not isinstance(self._transform, Transform) and hasattr(self._transform, '_as_mpl_transform')): self._transform = self._transform._as_mpl_transform(self.axes) return self._transform
[docs] def get_children(self): r"""Return a list of the child `.Artist`\s of this `.Artist`.""" return []
def _default_contains(self, mouseevent, figure=None): """ Base impl. for checking whether a mouseevent happened in an artist. 1. If the artist defines a custom checker, use it (deprecated). 2. If the artist figure is known and the event did not occur in that figure (by checking its ``canvas`` attribute), reject it. 3. Otherwise, return `None, {}`, indicating that the subclass' implementation should be used. Subclasses should start their definition of `contains` as follows: inside, info = self._default_contains(mouseevent) if inside is not None: return inside, info # subclass-specific implementation follows The *figure* kwarg is provided for the implementation of `.Figure.contains`. """ if callable(self._contains): return self._contains(self, mouseevent) if figure is not None and mouseevent.canvas is not figure.canvas: return False, {} return None, {}
[docs] def contains(self, mouseevent): """ Test whether the artist contains the mouse event. Parameters ---------- mouseevent : `matplotlib.backend_bases.MouseEvent` Returns ------- contains : bool Whether any values are within the radius. details : dict An artist-specific dictionary of details of the event context, such as which points are contained in the pick radius. See the individual Artist subclasses for details. """ inside, info = self._default_contains(mouseevent) if inside is not None: return inside, info _log.warning("%r needs 'contains' method", self.__class__.__name__) return False, {}
[docs] @cbook.deprecated("3.3", alternative="set_picker") def set_contains(self, picker): """ Define a custom contains test for the artist. The provided callable replaces the default `.contains` method of the artist. Parameters ---------- picker : callable A custom picker function to evaluate if an event is within the artist. The function must have the signature:: def contains(artist: Artist, event: MouseEvent) -> bool, dict that returns: - a bool indicating if the event is within the artist - a dict of additional information. The dict should at least return the same information as the default ``contains()`` implementation of the respective artist, but may provide additional information. """ if not callable(picker): raise TypeError("picker is not a callable") self._contains = picker
[docs] @cbook.deprecated("3.3", alternative="get_picker") def get_contains(self): """ Return the custom contains function of the artist if set, or *None*. See Also -------- set_contains """ return self._contains
[docs] def pickable(self): """ Return whether the artist is pickable. See Also -------- set_picker, get_picker, pick """ return self.figure is not None and self._picker is not None
[docs] def pick(self, mouseevent): """ Process a pick event. Each child artist will fire a pick event if *mouseevent* is over the artist and the artist has picker set. See Also -------- set_picker, get_picker, pickable """ # Pick self if self.pickable(): picker = self.get_picker() if callable(picker): inside, prop = picker(self, mouseevent) else: inside, prop = self.contains(mouseevent) if inside: self.figure.canvas.pick_event(mouseevent, self, **prop) # Pick children for a in self.get_children(): # make sure the event happened in the same axes ax = getattr(a, 'axes', None) if (mouseevent.inaxes is None or ax is None or mouseevent.inaxes == ax): # we need to check if mouseevent.inaxes is None # because some objects associated with an axes (e.g., a # tick label) can be outside the bounding box of the # axes and inaxes will be None # also check that ax is None so that it traverse objects # which do no have an axes property but children might a.pick(mouseevent)
[docs] def set_picker(self, picker): """ Define the picking behavior of the artist. Parameters ---------- picker : None or bool or callable This can be one of the following: - *None*: Picking is disabled for this artist (default). - A boolean: If *True* then picking will be enabled and the artist will fire a pick event if the mouse event is over the artist. - A function: If picker is callable, it is a user supplied function which determines whether the artist is hit by the mouse event:: hit, props = picker(artist, mouseevent) to determine the hit test. if the mouse event is over the artist, return *hit=True* and props is a dictionary of properties you want added to the PickEvent attributes. - *deprecated*: For `.Line2D` only, *picker* can also be a float that sets the tolerance for checking whether an event occurred "on" the line; this is deprecated. Use `.Line2D.set_pickradius` instead. """ self._picker = picker
[docs] def get_picker(self): """ Return the picking behavior of the artist. The possible values are described in `.set_picker`. See Also -------- set_picker, pickable, pick """ return self._picker
[docs] def get_url(self): """Return the url.""" return self._url
[docs] def set_url(self, url): """ Set the url for the artist. Parameters ---------- url : str """ self._url = url
[docs] def get_gid(self): """Return the group id.""" return self._gid
[docs] def set_gid(self, gid): """ Set the (group) id for the artist. Parameters ---------- gid : str """ self._gid = gid
[docs] def get_snap(self): """ Return the snap setting. See `.set_snap` for details. """ if mpl.rcParams['path.snap']: return self._snap else: return False
[docs] def set_snap(self, snap): """ Set the snapping behavior. Snapping aligns positions with the pixel grid, which results in clearer images. For example, if a black line of 1px width was defined at a position in between two pixels, the resulting image would contain the interpolated value of that line in the pixel grid, which would be a grey value on both adjacent pixel positions. In contrast, snapping will move the line to the nearest integer pixel value, so that the resulting image will really contain a 1px wide black line. Snapping is currently only supported by the Agg and MacOSX backends. Parameters ---------- snap : bool or None Possible values: - *True*: Snap vertices to the nearest pixel center. - *False*: Do not modify vertex positions. - *None*: (auto) If the path contains only rectilinear line segments, round to the nearest pixel center. """ self._snap = snap self.stale = True
[docs] def get_sketch_params(self): """ Return the sketch parameters for the artist. Returns ------- tuple or None A 3-tuple with the following elements: - *scale*: The amplitude of the wiggle perpendicular to the source line. - *length*: The length of the wiggle along the line. - *randomness*: The scale factor by which the length is shrunken or expanded. Returns *None* if no sketch parameters were set. """ return self._sketch
[docs] def set_sketch_params(self, scale=None, length=None, randomness=None): """ Sets the sketch parameters. Parameters ---------- scale : float, optional The amplitude of the wiggle perpendicular to the source line, in pixels. If scale is `None`, or not provided, no sketch filter will be provided. length : float, optional The length of the wiggle along the line, in pixels (default 128.0) randomness : float, optional The scale factor by which the length is shrunken or expanded (default 16.0) .. ACCEPTS: (scale: float, length: float, randomness: float) """ if scale is None: self._sketch = None else: self._sketch = (scale, length or 128.0, randomness or 16.0) self.stale = True
[docs] def set_path_effects(self, path_effects): """ Set the path effects. Parameters ---------- path_effects : `.AbstractPathEffect` """ self._path_effects = path_effects self.stale = True
[docs] def get_path_effects(self): return self._path_effects
[docs] def get_figure(self): """Return the `.Figure` instance the artist belongs to.""" return self.figure
[docs] def set_figure(self, fig): """ Set the `.Figure` instance the artist belongs to. Parameters ---------- fig : `.Figure` """ # if this is a no-op just return if self.figure is fig: return # if we currently have a figure (the case of both `self.figure` # and *fig* being none is taken care of above) we then user is # trying to change the figure an artist is associated with which # is not allowed for the same reason as adding the same instance # to more than one Axes if self.figure is not None: raise RuntimeError("Can not put single artist in " "more than one figure") self.figure = fig if self.figure and self.figure is not self: self.pchanged() self.stale = True
[docs] def set_clip_box(self, clipbox): """ Set the artist's clip `.Bbox`. Parameters ---------- clipbox : `.Bbox` """ self.clipbox = clipbox self.pchanged() self.stale = True
[docs] def set_clip_path(self, path, transform=None): """ Set the artist's clip path. Parameters ---------- path : `.Patch` or `.Path` or `.TransformedPath` or None The clip path. If given a `.Path`, *transform* must be provided as well. If *None*, a previously set clip path is removed. transform : `~matplotlib.transforms.Transform`, optional Only used if *path* is a `.Path`, in which case the given `.Path` is converted to a `.TransformedPath` using *transform*. Notes ----- For efficiency, if *path* is a `.Rectangle` this method will set the clipping box to the corresponding rectangle and set the clipping path to ``None``. For technical reasons (support of `~.Artist.set`), a tuple (*path*, *transform*) is also accepted as a single positional parameter. .. ACCEPTS: Patch or (Path, Transform) or None """ from matplotlib.patches import Patch, Rectangle success = False if transform is None: if isinstance(path, Rectangle): self.clipbox = TransformedBbox(Bbox.unit(), path.get_transform()) self._clippath = None success = True elif isinstance(path, Patch): self._clippath = TransformedPatchPath(path) success = True elif isinstance(path, tuple): path, transform = path if path is None: self._clippath = None success = True elif isinstance(path, Path): self._clippath = TransformedPath(path, transform) success = True elif isinstance(path, TransformedPatchPath): self._clippath = path success = True elif isinstance(path, TransformedPath): self._clippath = path success = True if not success: raise TypeError( "Invalid arguments to set_clip_path, of type {} and {}" .format(type(path).__name__, type(transform).__name__)) # This may result in the callbacks being hit twice, but guarantees they # will be hit at least once. self.pchanged() self.stale = True
[docs] def get_alpha(self): """ Return the alpha value used for blending - not supported on all backends. """ return self._alpha
[docs] def get_visible(self): """Return the visibility.""" return self._visible
[docs] def get_animated(self): """Return whether the artist is animated.""" return self._animated
[docs] def get_in_layout(self): """ Return boolean flag, ``True`` if artist is included in layout calculations. E.g. :doc:`/tutorials/intermediate/constrainedlayout_guide`, `.Figure.tight_layout()`, and ``fig.savefig(fname, bbox_inches='tight')``. """ return self._in_layout
[docs] def get_clip_on(self): """Return whether the artist uses clipping.""" return self._clipon
[docs] def get_clip_box(self): """Return the clipbox.""" return self.clipbox
[docs] def get_clip_path(self): """Return the clip path.""" return self._clippath
[docs] def get_transformed_clip_path_and_affine(self): """ Return the clip path with the non-affine part of its transformation applied, and the remaining affine part of its transformation. """ if self._clippath is not None: return self._clippath.get_transformed_path_and_affine() return None, None
[docs] def set_clip_on(self, b): """ Set whether the artist uses clipping. When False artists will be visible outside of the axes which can lead to unexpected results. Parameters ---------- b : bool """ self._clipon = b # This may result in the callbacks being hit twice, but ensures they # are hit at least once self.pchanged() self.stale = True
def _set_gc_clip(self, gc): """Set the clip properly for the gc.""" if self._clipon: if self.clipbox is not None: gc.set_clip_rectangle(self.clipbox) gc.set_clip_path(self._clippath) else: gc.set_clip_rectangle(None) gc.set_clip_path(None)
[docs] def get_rasterized(self): """Return whether the artist is to be rasterized.""" return self._rasterized
[docs] def set_rasterized(self, rasterized): """ Force rasterized (bitmap) drawing in vector backend output. Defaults to None, which implies the backend's default behavior. Parameters ---------- rasterized : bool or None """ if rasterized and not hasattr(self.draw, "_supports_rasterization"): cbook._warn_external( "Rasterization of '%s' will be ignored" % self) self._rasterized = rasterized
[docs] def get_agg_filter(self): """Return filter function to be used for agg filter.""" return self._agg_filter
[docs] def set_agg_filter(self, filter_func): """ Set the agg filter. Parameters ---------- filter_func : callable A filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array. .. ACCEPTS: a filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array """ self._agg_filter = filter_func self.stale = True
[docs] @cbook._delete_parameter("3.3", "args") @cbook._delete_parameter("3.3", "kwargs") def draw(self, renderer, *args, **kwargs): """ Draw the Artist (and its children) using the given renderer. This has no effect if the artist is not visible (`.Artist.get_visible` returns False). Parameters ---------- renderer : `.RendererBase` subclass. Notes ----- This method is overridden in the Artist subclasses. """ if not self.get_visible(): return self.stale = False
[docs] def set_alpha(self, alpha): """ Set the alpha value used for blending - not supported on all backends. Parameters ---------- alpha : float or None """ if alpha is not None and not isinstance(alpha, Number): raise TypeError('alpha must be a float or None') self._alpha = alpha self.pchanged() self.stale = True
[docs] def set_visible(self, b): """ Set the artist's visibility. Parameters ---------- b : bool """ self._visible = b self.pchanged() self.stale = True
[docs] def set_animated(self, b): """ Set the artist's animation state. Parameters ---------- b : bool """ if self._animated != b: self._animated = b self.pchanged()
[docs] def set_in_layout(self, in_layout): """ Set if artist is to be included in layout calculations, E.g. :doc:`/tutorials/intermediate/constrainedlayout_guide`, `.Figure.tight_layout()`, and ``fig.savefig(fname, bbox_inches='tight')``. Parameters ---------- in_layout : bool """ self._in_layout = in_layout
[docs] def update(self, props): """ Update this artist's properties from the dict *props*. Parameters ---------- props : dict """ ret = [] with cbook._setattr_cm(self, eventson=False): for k, v in props.items(): if k != k.lower(): cbook.warn_deprecated( "3.3", message="Case-insensitive properties were " "deprecated in %(since)s and support will be removed " "%(removal)s") k = k.lower() # White list attributes we want to be able to update through # art.update, art.set, setp. if k == "axes": ret.append(setattr(self, k, v)) else: func = getattr(self, f"set_{k}", None) if not callable(func): raise AttributeError(f"{type(self).__name__!r} object " f"has no property {k!r}") ret.append(func(v)) if ret: self.pchanged() self.stale = True return ret
[docs] def get_label(self): """Return the label used for this artist in the legend.""" return self._label
[docs] def set_label(self, s): """ Set a label that will be displayed in the legend. Parameters ---------- s : object *s* will be converted to a string by calling `str`. """ if s is not None: self._label = str(s) else: self._label = None self.pchanged() self.stale = True
[docs] def get_zorder(self): """Return the artist's zorder.""" return self.zorder
[docs] def set_zorder(self, level): """ Set the zorder for the artist. Artists with lower zorder values are drawn first. Parameters ---------- level : float """ if level is None: level = self.__class__.zorder self.zorder = level self.pchanged() self.stale = True
@property def sticky_edges(self): """ ``x`` and ``y`` sticky edge lists for autoscaling. When performing autoscaling, if a data limit coincides with a value in the corresponding sticky_edges list, then no margin will be added--the view limit "sticks" to the edge. A typical use case is histograms, where one usually expects no margin on the bottom edge (0) of the histogram. This attribute cannot be assigned to; however, the ``x`` and ``y`` lists can be modified in place as needed. Examples -------- >>> artist.sticky_edges.x[:] = (xmin, xmax) >>> artist.sticky_edges.y[:] = (ymin, ymax) """ return self._sticky_edges
[docs] def update_from(self, other): """Copy properties from *other* to *self*.""" self._transform = other._transform self._transformSet = other._transformSet self._visible = other._visible self._alpha = other._alpha self.clipbox = other.clipbox self._clipon = other._clipon self._clippath = other._clippath self._label = other._label self._sketch = other._sketch self._path_effects = other._path_effects self.sticky_edges.x[:] = other.sticky_edges.x.copy() self.sticky_edges.y[:] = other.sticky_edges.y.copy() self.pchanged() self.stale = True
[docs] def properties(self): """Return a dictionary of all the properties of the artist.""" return ArtistInspector(self).properties()
[docs] def set(self, **kwargs): """A property batch setter. Pass *kwargs* to set properties.""" kwargs = cbook.normalize_kwargs(kwargs, self) move_color_to_start = False if "color" in kwargs: keys = [*kwargs] i_color = keys.index("color") props = ["edgecolor", "facecolor"] if any(tp.__module__ == "matplotlib.collections" and tp.__name__ == "Collection" for tp in type(self).__mro__): props.append("alpha") for other in props: if other not in keys: continue i_other = keys.index(other) if i_other < i_color: move_color_to_start = True cbook.warn_deprecated( "3.3", message=f"You have passed the {other!r} kwarg " "before the 'color' kwarg. Artist.set() currently " "reorders the properties to apply 'color' first, but " "this is deprecated since %(since)s and will be " "removed %(removal)s; please pass 'color' first " "instead.") if move_color_to_start: kwargs = {"color": kwargs.pop("color"), **kwargs} return self.update(kwargs)
[docs] def findobj(self, match=None, include_self=True): """ Find artist objects. Recursively find all `.Artist` instances contained in the artist. Parameters ---------- match A filter criterion for the matches. This can be - *None*: Return all objects contained in artist. - A function with signature ``def match(artist: Artist) -> bool``. The result will only contain artists for which the function returns *True*. - A class instance: e.g., `.Line2D`. The result will only contain artists of this class or its subclasses (``isinstance`` check). include_self : bool Include *self* in the list to be checked for a match. Returns ------- list of `.Artist` """ if match is None: # always return True def matchfunc(x): return True elif isinstance(match, type) and issubclass(match, Artist): def matchfunc(x): return isinstance(x, match) elif callable(match): matchfunc = match else: raise ValueError('match must be None, a matplotlib.artist.Artist ' 'subclass, or a callable') artists = sum([c.findobj(matchfunc) for c in self.get_children()], []) if include_self and matchfunc(self): artists.append(self) return artists
[docs] def get_cursor_data(self, event): """ Return the cursor data for a given event. .. note:: This method is intended to be overridden by artist subclasses. As an end-user of Matplotlib you will most likely not call this method yourself. Cursor data can be used by Artists to provide additional context information for a given event. The default implementation just returns *None*. Subclasses can override the method and return arbitrary data. However, when doing so, they must ensure that `.format_cursor_data` can convert the data to a string representation. The only current use case is displaying the z-value of an `.AxesImage` in the status bar of a plot window, while moving the mouse. Parameters ---------- event : `matplotlib.backend_bases.MouseEvent` See Also -------- format_cursor_data """ return None
[docs] def format_cursor_data(self, data): """ Return a string representation of *data*. .. note:: This method is intended to be overridden by artist subclasses. As an end-user of Matplotlib you will most likely not call this method yourself. The default implementation converts ints and floats and arrays of ints and floats into a comma-separated string enclosed in square brackets. See Also -------- get_cursor_data """ try: data[0] except (TypeError, IndexError): data = [data] data_str = ', '.join('{:0.3g}'.format(item) for item in data if isinstance(item, Number)) return "[" + data_str + "]"
@property def mouseover(self): """ If this property is set to *True*, the artist will be queried for custom context information when the mouse cursor moves over it. See also :meth:`get_cursor_data`, :class:`.ToolCursorPosition` and :class:`.NavigationToolbar2`. """ return self._mouseover @mouseover.setter def mouseover(self, val): val = bool(val) self._mouseover = val ax = self.axes if ax: if val: ax._mouseover_set.add(self) else: ax._mouseover_set.discard(self)
[docs]class ArtistInspector: """ A helper class to inspect an `~matplotlib.artist.Artist` and return information about its settable properties and their current values. """
[docs] def __init__(self, o): r""" Initialize the artist inspector with an `Artist` or an iterable of `Artist`\s. If an iterable is used, we assume it is a homogeneous sequence (all `Artist`\s are of the same type) and it is your responsibility to make sure this is so. """ if not isinstance(o, Artist): if np.iterable(o): o = list(o) if len(o): o = o[0] self.oorig = o if not isinstance(o, type): o = type(o) self.o = o self.aliasd = self.get_aliases()
[docs] def get_aliases(self): """ Get a dict mapping property fullnames to sets of aliases for each alias in the :class:`~matplotlib.artist.ArtistInspector`. e.g., for lines:: {'markerfacecolor': {'mfc'}, 'linewidth' : {'lw'}, } """ names = [name for name in dir(self.o) if name.startswith(('set_', 'get_')) and callable(getattr(self.o, name))] aliases = {} for name in names: func = getattr(self.o, name) if not self.is_alias(func): continue propname ="`({}.*)`".format(name[:4]), # get_.*/set_.* inspect.getdoc(func)).group(1) aliases.setdefault(propname[4:], set()).add(name[4:]) return aliases
_get_valid_values_regex = re.compile( r"\n\s*(?:\.\.\s+)?ACCEPTS:\s*((?:.|\n)*?)(?:$|(?:\n\n))" )
[docs] def get_valid_values(self, attr): """ Get the legal arguments for the setter associated with *attr*. This is done by querying the docstring of the setter for a line that begins with "ACCEPTS:" or ".. ACCEPTS:", and then by looking for a numpydoc-style documentation for the setter's first argument. """ name = 'set_%s' % attr if not hasattr(self.o, name): raise AttributeError('%s has no function %s' % (self.o, name)) func = getattr(self.o, name) docstring = inspect.getdoc(func) if docstring is None: return 'unknown' if docstring.startswith('Alias for '): return None match = if match is not None: return re.sub("\n *", " ", # Much faster than list(inspect.signature(func).parameters)[1], # although barely relevant wrt. matplotlib's total import time. param_name = func.__code__.co_varnames[1] # We could set the presence * based on whether the parameter is a # varargs (it can't be a varkwargs) but it's not really worth the it. match ="(?m)^ *\*?{} : (.+)".format(param_name), docstring) if match: return return 'unknown'
def _replace_path(self, source_class): """ Changes the full path to the public API path that is used in sphinx. This is needed for links to work. """ replace_dict = {'_base._AxesBase': 'Axes', '_axes.Axes': 'Axes'} for key, value in replace_dict.items(): source_class = source_class.replace(key, value) return source_class
[docs] def get_setters(self): """ Get the attribute strings with setters for object. For example, for a line, return ``['markerfacecolor', 'linewidth', ....]``. """ setters = [] for name in dir(self.o): if not name.startswith('set_'): continue func = getattr(self.o, name) if (not callable(func) or len(inspect.signature(func).parameters) < 2 or self.is_alias(func)): continue setters.append(name[4:]) return setters
[docs] def is_alias(self, o): """Return whether method object *o* is an alias for another method.""" ds = inspect.getdoc(o) if ds is None: return False return ds.startswith('Alias for ')
[docs] def aliased_name(self, s): """ Return 'PROPNAME or alias' if *s* has an alias, else return 'PROPNAME'. e.g., for the line markerfacecolor property, which has an alias, return 'markerfacecolor or mfc' and for the transform property, which does not, return 'transform'. """ aliases = ''.join(' or %s' % x for x in sorted(self.aliasd.get(s, []))) return s + aliases
[docs] def aliased_name_rest(self, s, target): """ Return 'PROPNAME or alias' if *s* has an alias, else return 'PROPNAME', formatted for reST. e.g., for the line markerfacecolor property, which has an alias, return 'markerfacecolor or mfc' and for the transform property, which does not, return 'transform'. """ aliases = ''.join(' or %s' % x for x in sorted(self.aliasd.get(s, []))) return ':meth:`%s <%s>`%s' % (s, target, aliases)
[docs] def pprint_setters(self, prop=None, leadingspace=2): """ If *prop* is *None*, return a list of strings of all settable properties and their valid values. If *prop* is not *None*, it is a valid property name and that property will be returned as a string of property : valid values. """ if leadingspace: pad = ' ' * leadingspace else: pad = '' if prop is not None: accepts = self.get_valid_values(prop) return '%s%s: %s' % (pad, prop, accepts) lines = [] for prop in sorted(self.get_setters()): accepts = self.get_valid_values(prop) name = self.aliased_name(prop) lines.append('%s%s: %s' % (pad, name, accepts)) return lines
[docs] def pprint_setters_rest(self, prop=None, leadingspace=4): """ If *prop* is *None*, return a list of reST-formatted strings of all settable properties and their valid values. If *prop* is not *None*, it is a valid property name and that property will be returned as a string of "property : valid" values. """ if leadingspace: pad = ' ' * leadingspace else: pad = '' if prop is not None: accepts = self.get_valid_values(prop) return '%s%s: %s' % (pad, prop, accepts) prop_and_qualnames = [] for prop in sorted(self.get_setters()): # Find the parent method which actually provides the docstring. for cls in self.o.__mro__: method = getattr(cls, f"set_{prop}", None) if method and method.__doc__ is not None: break else: # No docstring available. method = getattr(self.o, f"set_{prop}") prop_and_qualnames.append( (prop, f"{method.__module__}.{method.__qualname__}")) names = [self.aliased_name_rest(prop, target) .replace('_base._AxesBase', 'Axes') .replace('_axes.Axes', 'Axes') for prop, target in prop_and_qualnames] accepts = [self.get_valid_values(prop) for prop, _ in prop_and_qualnames] col0_len = max(len(n) for n in names) col1_len = max(len(a) for a in accepts) table_formatstr = pad + ' ' + '=' * col0_len + ' ' + '=' * col1_len return [ '', pad + '.. table::', pad + ' :class: property-table', '', table_formatstr, pad + ' ' + 'Property'.ljust(col0_len) + ' ' + 'Description'.ljust(col1_len), table_formatstr, *[pad + ' ' + n.ljust(col0_len) + ' ' + a.ljust(col1_len) for n, a in zip(names, accepts)], table_formatstr, '', ]
[docs] def properties(self): """Return a dictionary mapping property name -> value.""" o = self.oorig getters = [name for name in dir(o) if name.startswith('get_') and callable(getattr(o, name))] getters.sort() d = {} for name in getters: func = getattr(o, name) if self.is_alias(func): continue try: with warnings.catch_warnings(): warnings.simplefilter('ignore') val = func() except Exception: continue else: d[name[4:]] = val return d
[docs] def pprint_getters(self): """Return the getters and actual values as list of strings.""" lines = [] for name, val in sorted( if getattr(val, 'shape', ()) != () and len(val) > 6: s = str(val[:6]) + '...' else: s = str(val) s = s.replace('\n', ' ') if len(s) > 50: s = s[:50] + '...' name = self.aliased_name(name) lines.append(' %s = %s' % (name, s)) return lines
[docs]def getp(obj, property=None): """ Return the value of an object's *property*, or print all of them. Parameters ---------- obj : `.Artist` The queried artist; e.g., a `.Line2D`, a `.Text`, or an `~.axes.Axes`. property : str or None, default: None If *property* is 'somename', this function returns ``obj.get_somename()``. If is is None (or unset), it *prints* all gettable properties from *obj*. Many properties have aliases for shorter typing, e.g. 'lw' is an alias for 'linewidth'. In the output, aliases and full property names will be listed as: property or alias = value e.g.: linewidth or lw = 2 """ if property is None: insp = ArtistInspector(obj) ret = insp.pprint_getters() print('\n'.join(ret)) return return getattr(obj, 'get_' + property)()
# alias get = getp
[docs]def setp(obj, *args, file=None, **kwargs): """ Set a property on an artist object. matplotlib supports the use of :func:`setp` ("set property") and :func:`getp` to set and get object properties, as well as to do introspection on the object. For example, to set the linestyle of a line to be dashed, you can do:: >>> line, = plot([1, 2, 3]) >>> setp(line, linestyle='--') If you want to know the valid types of arguments, you can provide the name of the property you want to set without a value:: >>> setp(line, 'linestyle') linestyle: {'-', '--', '-.', ':', '', (offset, on-off-seq), ...} If you want to see all the properties that can be set, and their possible values, you can do:: >>> setp(line) ... long output listing omitted By default `setp` prints to `sys.stdout`, but this can be modified using the *file* keyword-only argument:: >>> with fopen('output.log') as f: >>> setp(line, file=f) :func:`setp` operates on a single instance or a iterable of instances. If you are in query mode introspecting the possible values, only the first instance in the sequence is used. When actually setting values, all the instances will be set. e.g., suppose you have a list of two lines, the following will make both lines thicker and red:: >>> x = arange(0, 1, 0.01) >>> y1 = sin(2*pi*x) >>> y2 = sin(4*pi*x) >>> lines = plot(x, y1, x, y2) >>> setp(lines, linewidth=2, color='r') :func:`setp` works with the MATLAB style string/value pairs or with python kwargs. For example, the following are equivalent:: >>> setp(lines, 'linewidth', 2, 'color', 'r') # MATLAB style >>> setp(lines, linewidth=2, color='r') # python style """ if isinstance(obj, Artist): objs = [obj] else: objs = list(cbook.flatten(obj)) if not objs: return insp = ArtistInspector(objs[0]) if not kwargs and len(args) < 2: if args: print(insp.pprint_setters(prop=args[0]), file=file) else: print('\n'.join(insp.pprint_setters()), file=file) return if len(args) % 2: raise ValueError('The set args must be string, value pairs') # put args into ordereddict to maintain order funcvals = OrderedDict((k, v) for k, v in zip(args[::2], args[1::2])) ret = [o.update(funcvals) for o in objs] + [o.set(**kwargs) for o in objs] return list(cbook.flatten(ret))
[docs]def kwdoc(artist): r""" Inspect an `~matplotlib.artist.Artist` class (using `.ArtistInspector`) and return information about its settable properties and their current values. Parameters ---------- artist : `~matplotlib.artist.Artist` or an iterable of `Artist`\s Returns ------- str The settable properties of *artist*, as plain text if :rc:`docstring.hardcopy` is False and as a rst table (intended for use in Sphinx) if it is True. """ ai = ArtistInspector(artist) return ('\n'.join(ai.pprint_setters_rest(leadingspace=4)) if mpl.rcParams['docstring.hardcopy'] else 'Properties:\n' + '\n'.join(ai.pprint_setters(leadingspace=4)))