You are reading an old version of the documentation (v3.0.2). For the latest version see https://matplotlib.org/stable/_modules/dateutil/relativedelta.html

```
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import datetime
import calendar
import operator
from math import copysign
from six import integer_types
from warnings import warn
from ._common import weekday
MO, TU, WE, TH, FR, SA, SU = weekdays = tuple(weekday(x) for x in range(7))
__all__ = ["relativedelta", "MO", "TU", "WE", "TH", "FR", "SA", "SU"]
[docs]class relativedelta(object):
"""
The relativedelta type is based on the specification of the excellent
work done by M.-A. Lemburg in his
`mx.DateTime <https://www.egenix.com/products/python/mxBase/mxDateTime/>`_ extension.
However, notice that this type does *NOT* implement the same algorithm as
his work. Do *NOT* expect it to behave like mx.DateTime's counterpart.
There are two different ways to build a relativedelta instance. The
first one is passing it two date/datetime classes::
relativedelta(datetime1, datetime2)
The second one is passing it any number of the following keyword arguments::
relativedelta(arg1=x,arg2=y,arg3=z...)
year, month, day, hour, minute, second, microsecond:
Absolute information (argument is singular); adding or subtracting a
relativedelta with absolute information does not perform an arithmetic
operation, but rather REPLACES the corresponding value in the
original datetime with the value(s) in relativedelta.
years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds, microseconds:
Relative information, may be negative (argument is plural); adding
or subtracting a relativedelta with relative information performs
the corresponding aritmetic operation on the original datetime value
with the information in the relativedelta.
weekday:
One of the weekday instances (MO, TU, etc). These
instances may receive a parameter N, specifying the Nth
weekday, which could be positive or negative (like MO(+1)
or MO(-2). Not specifying it is the same as specifying
+1. You can also use an integer, where 0=MO. Notice that
if the calculated date is already Monday, for example,
using MO(1) or MO(-1) won't change the day.
leapdays:
Will add given days to the date found, if year is a leap
year, and the date found is post 28 of february.
yearday, nlyearday:
Set the yearday or the non-leap year day (jump leap days).
These are converted to day/month/leapdays information.
There are relative and absolute forms of the keyword
arguments. The plural is relative, and the singular is
absolute. For each argument in the order below, the absolute form
is applied first (by setting each attribute to that value) and
then the relative form (by adding the value to the attribute).
The order of attributes considered when this relativedelta is
added to a datetime is:
1. Year
2. Month
3. Day
4. Hours
5. Minutes
6. Seconds
7. Microseconds
Finally, weekday is applied, using the rule described above.
For example
>>> dt = datetime(2018, 4, 9, 13, 37, 0)
>>> delta = relativedelta(hours=25, day=1, weekday=MO(1))
datetime(2018, 4, 2, 14, 37, 0)
First, the day is set to 1 (the first of the month), then 25 hours
are added, to get to the 2nd day and 14th hour, finally the
weekday is applied, but since the 2nd is already a Monday there is
no effect.
"""
def __init__(self, dt1=None, dt2=None,
years=0, months=0, days=0, leapdays=0, weeks=0,
hours=0, minutes=0, seconds=0, microseconds=0,
year=None, month=None, day=None, weekday=None,
yearday=None, nlyearday=None,
hour=None, minute=None, second=None, microsecond=None):
if dt1 and dt2:
# datetime is a subclass of date. So both must be date
if not (isinstance(dt1, datetime.date) and
isinstance(dt2, datetime.date)):
raise TypeError("relativedelta only diffs datetime/date")
# We allow two dates, or two datetimes, so we coerce them to be
# of the same type
if (isinstance(dt1, datetime.datetime) !=
isinstance(dt2, datetime.datetime)):
if not isinstance(dt1, datetime.datetime):
dt1 = datetime.datetime.fromordinal(dt1.toordinal())
elif not isinstance(dt2, datetime.datetime):
dt2 = datetime.datetime.fromordinal(dt2.toordinal())
self.years = 0
self.months = 0
self.days = 0
self.leapdays = 0
self.hours = 0
self.minutes = 0
self.seconds = 0
self.microseconds = 0
self.year = None
self.month = None
self.day = None
self.weekday = None
self.hour = None
self.minute = None
self.second = None
self.microsecond = None
self._has_time = 0
# Get year / month delta between the two
months = (dt1.year - dt2.year) * 12 + (dt1.month - dt2.month)
self._set_months(months)
# Remove the year/month delta so the timedelta is just well-defined
# time units (seconds, days and microseconds)
dtm = self.__radd__(dt2)
# If we've overshot our target, make an adjustment
if dt1 < dt2:
compare = operator.gt
increment = 1
else:
compare = operator.lt
increment = -1
while compare(dt1, dtm):
months += increment
self._set_months(months)
dtm = self.__radd__(dt2)
# Get the timedelta between the "months-adjusted" date and dt1
delta = dt1 - dtm
self.seconds = delta.seconds + delta.days * 86400
self.microseconds = delta.microseconds
else:
# Check for non-integer values in integer-only quantities
if any(x is not None and x != int(x) for x in (years, months)):
raise ValueError("Non-integer years and months are "
"ambiguous and not currently supported.")
# Relative information
self.years = int(years)
self.months = int(months)
self.days = days + weeks * 7
self.leapdays = leapdays
self.hours = hours
self.minutes = minutes
self.seconds = seconds
self.microseconds = microseconds
# Absolute information
self.year = year
self.month = month
self.day = day
self.hour = hour
self.minute = minute
self.second = second
self.microsecond = microsecond
if any(x is not None and int(x) != x
for x in (year, month, day, hour,
minute, second, microsecond)):
# For now we'll deprecate floats - later it'll be an error.
warn("Non-integer value passed as absolute information. " +
"This is not a well-defined condition and will raise " +
"errors in future versions.", DeprecationWarning)
if isinstance(weekday, integer_types):
self.weekday = weekdays[weekday]
else:
self.weekday = weekday
yday = 0
if nlyearday:
yday = nlyearday
elif yearday:
yday = yearday
if yearday > 59:
self.leapdays = -1
if yday:
ydayidx = [31, 59, 90, 120, 151, 181, 212,
243, 273, 304, 334, 366]
for idx, ydays in enumerate(ydayidx):
if yday <= ydays:
self.month = idx+1
if idx == 0:
self.day = yday
else:
self.day = yday-ydayidx[idx-1]
break
else:
raise ValueError("invalid year day (%d)" % yday)
self._fix()
def _fix(self):
if abs(self.microseconds) > 999999:
s = _sign(self.microseconds)
div, mod = divmod(self.microseconds * s, 1000000)
self.microseconds = mod * s
self.seconds += div * s
if abs(self.seconds) > 59:
s = _sign(self.seconds)
div, mod = divmod(self.seconds * s, 60)
self.seconds = mod * s
self.minutes += div * s
if abs(self.minutes) > 59:
s = _sign(self.minutes)
div, mod = divmod(self.minutes * s, 60)
self.minutes = mod * s
self.hours += div * s
if abs(self.hours) > 23:
s = _sign(self.hours)
div, mod = divmod(self.hours * s, 24)
self.hours = mod * s
self.days += div * s
if abs(self.months) > 11:
s = _sign(self.months)
div, mod = divmod(self.months * s, 12)
self.months = mod * s
self.years += div * s
if (self.hours or self.minutes or self.seconds or self.microseconds
or self.hour is not None or self.minute is not None or
self.second is not None or self.microsecond is not None):
self._has_time = 1
else:
self._has_time = 0
@property
def weeks(self):
return int(self.days / 7.0)
@weeks.setter
def weeks(self, value):
self.days = self.days - (self.weeks * 7) + value * 7
def _set_months(self, months):
self.months = months
if abs(self.months) > 11:
s = _sign(self.months)
div, mod = divmod(self.months * s, 12)
self.months = mod * s
self.years = div * s
else:
self.years = 0
[docs] def normalized(self):
"""
Return a version of this object represented entirely using integer
values for the relative attributes.
>>> relativedelta(days=1.5, hours=2).normalized()
relativedelta(days=1, hours=14)
:return:
Returns a :class:`dateutil.relativedelta.relativedelta` object.
"""
# Cascade remainders down (rounding each to roughly nearest microsecond)
days = int(self.days)
hours_f = round(self.hours + 24 * (self.days - days), 11)
hours = int(hours_f)
minutes_f = round(self.minutes + 60 * (hours_f - hours), 10)
minutes = int(minutes_f)
seconds_f = round(self.seconds + 60 * (minutes_f - minutes), 8)
seconds = int(seconds_f)
microseconds = round(self.microseconds + 1e6 * (seconds_f - seconds))
# Constructor carries overflow back up with call to _fix()
return self.__class__(years=self.years, months=self.months,
days=days, hours=hours, minutes=minutes,
seconds=seconds, microseconds=microseconds,
leapdays=self.leapdays, year=self.year,
month=self.month, day=self.day,
weekday=self.weekday, hour=self.hour,
minute=self.minute, second=self.second,
microsecond=self.microsecond)
def __add__(self, other):
if isinstance(other, relativedelta):
return self.__class__(years=other.years + self.years,
months=other.months + self.months,
days=other.days + self.days,
hours=other.hours + self.hours,
minutes=other.minutes + self.minutes,
seconds=other.seconds + self.seconds,
microseconds=(other.microseconds +
self.microseconds),
leapdays=other.leapdays or self.leapdays,
year=(other.year if other.year is not None
else self.year),
month=(other.month if other.month is not None
else self.month),
day=(other.day if other.day is not None
else self.day),
weekday=(other.weekday if other.weekday is not None
else self.weekday),
hour=(other.hour if other.hour is not None
else self.hour),
minute=(other.minute if other.minute is not None
else self.minute),
second=(other.second if other.second is not None
else self.second),
microsecond=(other.microsecond if other.microsecond
is not None else
self.microsecond))
if isinstance(other, datetime.timedelta):
return self.__class__(years=self.years,
months=self.months,
days=self.days + other.days,
hours=self.hours,
minutes=self.minutes,
seconds=self.seconds + other.seconds,
microseconds=self.microseconds + other.microseconds,
leapdays=self.leapdays,
year=self.year,
month=self.month,
day=self.day,
weekday=self.weekday,
hour=self.hour,
minute=self.minute,
second=self.second,
microsecond=self.microsecond)
if not isinstance(other, datetime.date):
return NotImplemented
elif self._has_time and not isinstance(other, datetime.datetime):
other = datetime.datetime.fromordinal(other.toordinal())
year = (self.year or other.year)+self.years
month = self.month or other.month
if self.months:
assert 1 <= abs(self.months) <= 12
month += self.months
if month > 12:
year += 1
month -= 12
elif month < 1:
year -= 1
month += 12
day = min(calendar.monthrange(year, month)[1],
self.day or other.day)
repl = {"year": year, "month": month, "day": day}
for attr in ["hour", "minute", "second", "microsecond"]:
value = getattr(self, attr)
if value is not None:
repl[attr] = value
days = self.days
if self.leapdays and month > 2 and calendar.isleap(year):
days += self.leapdays
ret = (other.replace(**repl)
+ datetime.timedelta(days=days,
hours=self.hours,
minutes=self.minutes,
seconds=self.seconds,
microseconds=self.microseconds))
if self.weekday:
weekday, nth = self.weekday.weekday, self.weekday.n or 1
jumpdays = (abs(nth) - 1) * 7
if nth > 0:
jumpdays += (7 - ret.weekday() + weekday) % 7
else:
jumpdays += (ret.weekday() - weekday) % 7
jumpdays *= -1
ret += datetime.timedelta(days=jumpdays)
return ret
def __radd__(self, other):
return self.__add__(other)
def __rsub__(self, other):
return self.__neg__().__radd__(other)
def __sub__(self, other):
if not isinstance(other, relativedelta):
return NotImplemented # In case the other object defines __rsub__
return self.__class__(years=self.years - other.years,
months=self.months - other.months,
days=self.days - other.days,
hours=self.hours - other.hours,
minutes=self.minutes - other.minutes,
seconds=self.seconds - other.seconds,
microseconds=self.microseconds - other.microseconds,
leapdays=self.leapdays or other.leapdays,
year=(self.year if self.year is not None
else other.year),
month=(self.month if self.month is not None else
other.month),
day=(self.day if self.day is not None else
other.day),
weekday=(self.weekday if self.weekday is not None else
other.weekday),
hour=(self.hour if self.hour is not None else
other.hour),
minute=(self.minute if self.minute is not None else
other.minute),
second=(self.second if self.second is not None else
other.second),
microsecond=(self.microsecond if self.microsecond
is not None else
other.microsecond))
def __abs__(self):
return self.__class__(years=abs(self.years),
months=abs(self.months),
days=abs(self.days),
hours=abs(self.hours),
minutes=abs(self.minutes),
seconds=abs(self.seconds),
microseconds=abs(self.microseconds),
leapdays=self.leapdays,
year=self.year,
month=self.month,
day=self.day,
weekday=self.weekday,
hour=self.hour,
minute=self.minute,
second=self.second,
microsecond=self.microsecond)
def __neg__(self):
return self.__class__(years=-self.years,
months=-self.months,
days=-self.days,
hours=-self.hours,
minutes=-self.minutes,
seconds=-self.seconds,
microseconds=-self.microseconds,
leapdays=self.leapdays,
year=self.year,
month=self.month,
day=self.day,
weekday=self.weekday,
hour=self.hour,
minute=self.minute,
second=self.second,
microsecond=self.microsecond)
def __bool__(self):
return not (not self.years and
not self.months and
not self.days and
not self.hours and
not self.minutes and
not self.seconds and
not self.microseconds and
not self.leapdays and
self.year is None and
self.month is None and
self.day is None and
self.weekday is None and
self.hour is None and
self.minute is None and
self.second is None and
self.microsecond is None)
# Compatibility with Python 2.x
__nonzero__ = __bool__
def __mul__(self, other):
try:
f = float(other)
except TypeError:
return NotImplemented
return self.__class__(years=int(self.years * f),
months=int(self.months * f),
days=int(self.days * f),
hours=int(self.hours * f),
minutes=int(self.minutes * f),
seconds=int(self.seconds * f),
microseconds=int(self.microseconds * f),
leapdays=self.leapdays,
year=self.year,
month=self.month,
day=self.day,
weekday=self.weekday,
hour=self.hour,
minute=self.minute,
second=self.second,
microsecond=self.microsecond)
__rmul__ = __mul__
def __eq__(self, other):
if not isinstance(other, relativedelta):
return NotImplemented
if self.weekday or other.weekday:
if not self.weekday or not other.weekday:
return False
if self.weekday.weekday != other.weekday.weekday:
return False
n1, n2 = self.weekday.n, other.weekday.n
if n1 != n2 and not ((not n1 or n1 == 1) and (not n2 or n2 == 1)):
return False
return (self.years == other.years and
self.months == other.months and
self.days == other.days and
self.hours == other.hours and
self.minutes == other.minutes and
self.seconds == other.seconds and
self.microseconds == other.microseconds and
self.leapdays == other.leapdays and
self.year == other.year and
self.month == other.month and
self.day == other.day and
self.hour == other.hour and
self.minute == other.minute and
self.second == other.second and
self.microsecond == other.microsecond)
def __hash__(self):
return hash((
self.weekday,
self.years,
self.months,
self.days,
self.hours,
self.minutes,
self.seconds,
self.microseconds,
self.leapdays,
self.year,
self.month,
self.day,
self.hour,
self.minute,
self.second,
self.microsecond,
))
def __ne__(self, other):
return not self.__eq__(other)
def __div__(self, other):
try:
reciprocal = 1 / float(other)
except TypeError:
return NotImplemented
return self.__mul__(reciprocal)
__truediv__ = __div__
def __repr__(self):
l = []
for attr in ["years", "months", "days", "leapdays",
"hours", "minutes", "seconds", "microseconds"]:
value = getattr(self, attr)
if value:
l.append("{attr}={value:+g}".format(attr=attr, value=value))
for attr in ["year", "month", "day", "weekday",
"hour", "minute", "second", "microsecond"]:
value = getattr(self, attr)
if value is not None:
l.append("{attr}={value}".format(attr=attr, value=repr(value)))
return "{classname}({attrs})".format(classname=self.__class__.__name__,
attrs=", ".join(l))
def _sign(x):
return int(copysign(1, x))
# vim:ts=4:sw=4:et
```