You are reading an old version of the documentation (v3.0.2). For the latest version see
Version 3.0.2
Fork me on GitHub

Source code for dateutil.relativedelta

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import datetime
import calendar

import operator
from math import copysign

from six import integer_types
from warnings import warn

from ._common import weekday

MO, TU, WE, TH, FR, SA, SU = weekdays = tuple(weekday(x) for x in range(7))

__all__ = ["relativedelta", "MO", "TU", "WE", "TH", "FR", "SA", "SU"]

[docs]class relativedelta(object): """ The relativedelta type is based on the specification of the excellent work done by M.-A. Lemburg in his `mx.DateTime <>`_ extension. However, notice that this type does *NOT* implement the same algorithm as his work. Do *NOT* expect it to behave like mx.DateTime's counterpart. There are two different ways to build a relativedelta instance. The first one is passing it two date/datetime classes:: relativedelta(datetime1, datetime2) The second one is passing it any number of the following keyword arguments:: relativedelta(arg1=x,arg2=y,arg3=z...) year, month, day, hour, minute, second, microsecond: Absolute information (argument is singular); adding or subtracting a relativedelta with absolute information does not perform an arithmetic operation, but rather REPLACES the corresponding value in the original datetime with the value(s) in relativedelta. years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds, microseconds: Relative information, may be negative (argument is plural); adding or subtracting a relativedelta with relative information performs the corresponding aritmetic operation on the original datetime value with the information in the relativedelta. weekday: One of the weekday instances (MO, TU, etc). These instances may receive a parameter N, specifying the Nth weekday, which could be positive or negative (like MO(+1) or MO(-2). Not specifying it is the same as specifying +1. You can also use an integer, where 0=MO. Notice that if the calculated date is already Monday, for example, using MO(1) or MO(-1) won't change the day. leapdays: Will add given days to the date found, if year is a leap year, and the date found is post 28 of february. yearday, nlyearday: Set the yearday or the non-leap year day (jump leap days). These are converted to day/month/leapdays information. There are relative and absolute forms of the keyword arguments. The plural is relative, and the singular is absolute. For each argument in the order below, the absolute form is applied first (by setting each attribute to that value) and then the relative form (by adding the value to the attribute). The order of attributes considered when this relativedelta is added to a datetime is: 1. Year 2. Month 3. Day 4. Hours 5. Minutes 6. Seconds 7. Microseconds Finally, weekday is applied, using the rule described above. For example >>> dt = datetime(2018, 4, 9, 13, 37, 0) >>> delta = relativedelta(hours=25, day=1, weekday=MO(1)) datetime(2018, 4, 2, 14, 37, 0) First, the day is set to 1 (the first of the month), then 25 hours are added, to get to the 2nd day and 14th hour, finally the weekday is applied, but since the 2nd is already a Monday there is no effect. """ def __init__(self, dt1=None, dt2=None, years=0, months=0, days=0, leapdays=0, weeks=0, hours=0, minutes=0, seconds=0, microseconds=0, year=None, month=None, day=None, weekday=None, yearday=None, nlyearday=None, hour=None, minute=None, second=None, microsecond=None): if dt1 and dt2: # datetime is a subclass of date. So both must be date if not (isinstance(dt1, and isinstance(dt2, raise TypeError("relativedelta only diffs datetime/date") # We allow two dates, or two datetimes, so we coerce them to be # of the same type if (isinstance(dt1, datetime.datetime) != isinstance(dt2, datetime.datetime)): if not isinstance(dt1, datetime.datetime): dt1 = datetime.datetime.fromordinal(dt1.toordinal()) elif not isinstance(dt2, datetime.datetime): dt2 = datetime.datetime.fromordinal(dt2.toordinal()) self.years = 0 self.months = 0 self.days = 0 self.leapdays = 0 self.hours = 0 self.minutes = 0 self.seconds = 0 self.microseconds = 0 self.year = None self.month = None = None self.weekday = None self.hour = None self.minute = None self.second = None self.microsecond = None self._has_time = 0 # Get year / month delta between the two months = (dt1.year - dt2.year) * 12 + (dt1.month - dt2.month) self._set_months(months) # Remove the year/month delta so the timedelta is just well-defined # time units (seconds, days and microseconds) dtm = self.__radd__(dt2) # If we've overshot our target, make an adjustment if dt1 < dt2: compare = increment = 1 else: compare = increment = -1 while compare(dt1, dtm): months += increment self._set_months(months) dtm = self.__radd__(dt2) # Get the timedelta between the "months-adjusted" date and dt1 delta = dt1 - dtm self.seconds = delta.seconds + delta.days * 86400 self.microseconds = delta.microseconds else: # Check for non-integer values in integer-only quantities if any(x is not None and x != int(x) for x in (years, months)): raise ValueError("Non-integer years and months are " "ambiguous and not currently supported.") # Relative information self.years = int(years) self.months = int(months) self.days = days + weeks * 7 self.leapdays = leapdays self.hours = hours self.minutes = minutes self.seconds = seconds self.microseconds = microseconds # Absolute information self.year = year self.month = month = day self.hour = hour self.minute = minute self.second = second self.microsecond = microsecond if any(x is not None and int(x) != x for x in (year, month, day, hour, minute, second, microsecond)): # For now we'll deprecate floats - later it'll be an error. warn("Non-integer value passed as absolute information. " + "This is not a well-defined condition and will raise " + "errors in future versions.", DeprecationWarning) if isinstance(weekday, integer_types): self.weekday = weekdays[weekday] else: self.weekday = weekday yday = 0 if nlyearday: yday = nlyearday elif yearday: yday = yearday if yearday > 59: self.leapdays = -1 if yday: ydayidx = [31, 59, 90, 120, 151, 181, 212, 243, 273, 304, 334, 366] for idx, ydays in enumerate(ydayidx): if yday <= ydays: self.month = idx+1 if idx == 0: = yday else: = yday-ydayidx[idx-1] break else: raise ValueError("invalid year day (%d)" % yday) self._fix() def _fix(self): if abs(self.microseconds) > 999999: s = _sign(self.microseconds) div, mod = divmod(self.microseconds * s, 1000000) self.microseconds = mod * s self.seconds += div * s if abs(self.seconds) > 59: s = _sign(self.seconds) div, mod = divmod(self.seconds * s, 60) self.seconds = mod * s self.minutes += div * s if abs(self.minutes) > 59: s = _sign(self.minutes) div, mod = divmod(self.minutes * s, 60) self.minutes = mod * s self.hours += div * s if abs(self.hours) > 23: s = _sign(self.hours) div, mod = divmod(self.hours * s, 24) self.hours = mod * s self.days += div * s if abs(self.months) > 11: s = _sign(self.months) div, mod = divmod(self.months * s, 12) self.months = mod * s self.years += div * s if (self.hours or self.minutes or self.seconds or self.microseconds or self.hour is not None or self.minute is not None or self.second is not None or self.microsecond is not None): self._has_time = 1 else: self._has_time = 0 @property def weeks(self): return int(self.days / 7.0) @weeks.setter def weeks(self, value): self.days = self.days - (self.weeks * 7) + value * 7 def _set_months(self, months): self.months = months if abs(self.months) > 11: s = _sign(self.months) div, mod = divmod(self.months * s, 12) self.months = mod * s self.years = div * s else: self.years = 0
[docs] def normalized(self): """ Return a version of this object represented entirely using integer values for the relative attributes. >>> relativedelta(days=1.5, hours=2).normalized() relativedelta(days=1, hours=14) :return: Returns a :class:`dateutil.relativedelta.relativedelta` object. """ # Cascade remainders down (rounding each to roughly nearest microsecond) days = int(self.days) hours_f = round(self.hours + 24 * (self.days - days), 11) hours = int(hours_f) minutes_f = round(self.minutes + 60 * (hours_f - hours), 10) minutes = int(minutes_f) seconds_f = round(self.seconds + 60 * (minutes_f - minutes), 8) seconds = int(seconds_f) microseconds = round(self.microseconds + 1e6 * (seconds_f - seconds)) # Constructor carries overflow back up with call to _fix() return self.__class__(years=self.years, months=self.months, days=days, hours=hours, minutes=minutes, seconds=seconds, microseconds=microseconds, leapdays=self.leapdays, year=self.year, month=self.month,, weekday=self.weekday, hour=self.hour, minute=self.minute, second=self.second, microsecond=self.microsecond)
def __add__(self, other): if isinstance(other, relativedelta): return self.__class__(years=other.years + self.years, months=other.months + self.months, days=other.days + self.days, hours=other.hours + self.hours, minutes=other.minutes + self.minutes, seconds=other.seconds + self.seconds, microseconds=(other.microseconds + self.microseconds), leapdays=other.leapdays or self.leapdays, year=(other.year if other.year is not None else self.year), month=(other.month if other.month is not None else self.month), day=( if is not None else, weekday=(other.weekday if other.weekday is not None else self.weekday), hour=(other.hour if other.hour is not None else self.hour), minute=(other.minute if other.minute is not None else self.minute), second=(other.second if other.second is not None else self.second), microsecond=(other.microsecond if other.microsecond is not None else self.microsecond)) if isinstance(other, datetime.timedelta): return self.__class__(years=self.years, months=self.months, days=self.days + other.days, hours=self.hours, minutes=self.minutes, seconds=self.seconds + other.seconds, microseconds=self.microseconds + other.microseconds, leapdays=self.leapdays, year=self.year, month=self.month,, weekday=self.weekday, hour=self.hour, minute=self.minute, second=self.second, microsecond=self.microsecond) if not isinstance(other, return NotImplemented elif self._has_time and not isinstance(other, datetime.datetime): other = datetime.datetime.fromordinal(other.toordinal()) year = (self.year or other.year)+self.years month = self.month or other.month if self.months: assert 1 <= abs(self.months) <= 12 month += self.months if month > 12: year += 1 month -= 12 elif month < 1: year -= 1 month += 12 day = min(calendar.monthrange(year, month)[1], or repl = {"year": year, "month": month, "day": day} for attr in ["hour", "minute", "second", "microsecond"]: value = getattr(self, attr) if value is not None: repl[attr] = value days = self.days if self.leapdays and month > 2 and calendar.isleap(year): days += self.leapdays ret = (other.replace(**repl) + datetime.timedelta(days=days, hours=self.hours, minutes=self.minutes, seconds=self.seconds, microseconds=self.microseconds)) if self.weekday: weekday, nth = self.weekday.weekday, self.weekday.n or 1 jumpdays = (abs(nth) - 1) * 7 if nth > 0: jumpdays += (7 - ret.weekday() + weekday) % 7 else: jumpdays += (ret.weekday() - weekday) % 7 jumpdays *= -1 ret += datetime.timedelta(days=jumpdays) return ret def __radd__(self, other): return self.__add__(other) def __rsub__(self, other): return self.__neg__().__radd__(other) def __sub__(self, other): if not isinstance(other, relativedelta): return NotImplemented # In case the other object defines __rsub__ return self.__class__(years=self.years - other.years, months=self.months - other.months, days=self.days - other.days, hours=self.hours - other.hours, minutes=self.minutes - other.minutes, seconds=self.seconds - other.seconds, microseconds=self.microseconds - other.microseconds, leapdays=self.leapdays or other.leapdays, year=(self.year if self.year is not None else other.year), month=(self.month if self.month is not None else other.month), day=( if is not None else, weekday=(self.weekday if self.weekday is not None else other.weekday), hour=(self.hour if self.hour is not None else other.hour), minute=(self.minute if self.minute is not None else other.minute), second=(self.second if self.second is not None else other.second), microsecond=(self.microsecond if self.microsecond is not None else other.microsecond)) def __abs__(self): return self.__class__(years=abs(self.years), months=abs(self.months), days=abs(self.days), hours=abs(self.hours), minutes=abs(self.minutes), seconds=abs(self.seconds), microseconds=abs(self.microseconds), leapdays=self.leapdays, year=self.year, month=self.month,, weekday=self.weekday, hour=self.hour, minute=self.minute, second=self.second, microsecond=self.microsecond) def __neg__(self): return self.__class__(years=-self.years, months=-self.months, days=-self.days, hours=-self.hours, minutes=-self.minutes, seconds=-self.seconds, microseconds=-self.microseconds, leapdays=self.leapdays, year=self.year, month=self.month,, weekday=self.weekday, hour=self.hour, minute=self.minute, second=self.second, microsecond=self.microsecond) def __bool__(self): return not (not self.years and not self.months and not self.days and not self.hours and not self.minutes and not self.seconds and not self.microseconds and not self.leapdays and self.year is None and self.month is None and is None and self.weekday is None and self.hour is None and self.minute is None and self.second is None and self.microsecond is None) # Compatibility with Python 2.x __nonzero__ = __bool__ def __mul__(self, other): try: f = float(other) except TypeError: return NotImplemented return self.__class__(years=int(self.years * f), months=int(self.months * f), days=int(self.days * f), hours=int(self.hours * f), minutes=int(self.minutes * f), seconds=int(self.seconds * f), microseconds=int(self.microseconds * f), leapdays=self.leapdays, year=self.year, month=self.month,, weekday=self.weekday, hour=self.hour, minute=self.minute, second=self.second, microsecond=self.microsecond) __rmul__ = __mul__ def __eq__(self, other): if not isinstance(other, relativedelta): return NotImplemented if self.weekday or other.weekday: if not self.weekday or not other.weekday: return False if self.weekday.weekday != other.weekday.weekday: return False n1, n2 = self.weekday.n, other.weekday.n if n1 != n2 and not ((not n1 or n1 == 1) and (not n2 or n2 == 1)): return False return (self.years == other.years and self.months == other.months and self.days == other.days and self.hours == other.hours and self.minutes == other.minutes and self.seconds == other.seconds and self.microseconds == other.microseconds and self.leapdays == other.leapdays and self.year == other.year and self.month == other.month and == and self.hour == other.hour and self.minute == other.minute and self.second == other.second and self.microsecond == other.microsecond) def __hash__(self): return hash(( self.weekday, self.years, self.months, self.days, self.hours, self.minutes, self.seconds, self.microseconds, self.leapdays, self.year, self.month,, self.hour, self.minute, self.second, self.microsecond, )) def __ne__(self, other): return not self.__eq__(other) def __div__(self, other): try: reciprocal = 1 / float(other) except TypeError: return NotImplemented return self.__mul__(reciprocal) __truediv__ = __div__ def __repr__(self): l = [] for attr in ["years", "months", "days", "leapdays", "hours", "minutes", "seconds", "microseconds"]: value = getattr(self, attr) if value: l.append("{attr}={value:+g}".format(attr=attr, value=value)) for attr in ["year", "month", "day", "weekday", "hour", "minute", "second", "microsecond"]: value = getattr(self, attr) if value is not None: l.append("{attr}={value}".format(attr=attr, value=repr(value))) return "{classname}({attrs})".format(classname=self.__class__.__name__, attrs=", ".join(l))
def _sign(x): return int(copysign(1, x)) # vim:ts=4:sw=4:et