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Simple Axes Divider 3ΒΆ

import mpl_toolkits.axes_grid1.axes_size as Size
from mpl_toolkits.axes_grid1 import Divider
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

fig1 = plt.figure(1, (5.5, 4))

# the rect parameter will be ignore as we will set axes_locator
rect = (0.1, 0.1, 0.8, 0.8)
ax = [fig1.add_axes(rect, label="%d" % i) for i in range(4)]

horiz = [Size.AxesX(ax[0]), Size.Fixed(.5), Size.AxesX(ax[1])]
vert = [Size.AxesY(ax[0]), Size.Fixed(.5), Size.AxesY(ax[2])]

# divide the axes rectangle into grid whose size is specified by horiz * vert
divider = Divider(fig1, rect, horiz, vert, aspect=False)

ax[0].set_axes_locator(divider.new_locator(nx=0, ny=0))
ax[1].set_axes_locator(divider.new_locator(nx=2, ny=0))
ax[2].set_axes_locator(divider.new_locator(nx=0, ny=2))
ax[3].set_axes_locator(divider.new_locator(nx=2, ny=2))

ax[0].set_xlim(0, 2)
ax[1].set_xlim(0, 1)

ax[0].set_ylim(0, 1)
ax[2].set_ylim(0, 2)


for ax1 in ax:
    ax1.tick_params(labelbottom=False, labelleft=False)

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