You are reading an old version of the documentation (v2.1.2). For the latest version see
Version 2.1.2
Fork me on GitHub


Related Topics

This Page

Embedding In Wx3

Copyright (C) 2003-2004 Andrew Straw, Jeremy O’Donoghue and others

License: This work is licensed under the PSF. A copy should be included with this source code, and is also available at

This is yet another example of using matplotlib with wx. Hopefully this is pretty full-featured:

  • both matplotlib toolbar and WX buttons manipulate plot
  • full wxApp framework, including widget interaction
  • XRC (XML wxWidgets resource) file to create GUI (made with XRCed)

This was derived from embedding_in_wx and dynamic_image_wxagg.

Thanks to matplotlib and wx teams for creating such great software!

from __future__ import print_function

# matplotlib requires wxPython 2.8+
# set the wxPython version in lib\site-packages\wx.pth file
# or if you have wxversion installed un-comment the lines below
#import wxversion

import sys
import time
import os
import gc
import matplotlib
import as cm
import matplotlib.cbook as cbook
from matplotlib.backends.backend_wxagg import Toolbar, FigureCanvasWxAgg
from matplotlib.figure import Figure
import numpy as np

import wx
import wx.xrc as xrc

ERR_TOL = 1e-5  # floating point slop for peak-detection

matplotlib.rc('image', origin='lower')

class PlotPanel(wx.Panel):
    def __init__(self, parent):
        wx.Panel.__init__(self, parent, -1)

        self.fig = Figure((5, 4), 75)
        self.canvas = FigureCanvasWxAgg(self, -1, self.fig)
        self.toolbar = Toolbar(self.canvas)  # matplotlib toolbar
        # self.toolbar.set_active([0,1])

        # Now put all into a sizer
        sizer = wx.BoxSizer(wx.VERTICAL)
        # This way of adding to sizer allows resizing
        sizer.Add(self.canvas, 1, wx.LEFT | wx.TOP | wx.GROW)
        # Best to allow the toolbar to resize!
        sizer.Add(self.toolbar, 0, wx.GROW)

    def init_plot_data(self):
        a = self.fig.add_subplot(111)

        x = np.arange(120.0) * 2 * np.pi / 60.0
        y = np.arange(100.0) * 2 * np.pi / 50.0
        self.x, self.y = np.meshgrid(x, y)
        z = np.sin(self.x) + np.cos(self.y) = a.imshow(z, cmap=cm.RdBu)  # , interpolation='nearest')

        zmax = np.max(z) - ERR_TOL
        ymax_i, xmax_i = np.nonzero(z >= zmax)
        if == 'upper':
            ymax_i = z.shape[0] - ymax_i
        self.lines = a.plot(xmax_i, ymax_i, 'ko')

        self.toolbar.update()  # Not sure why this is needed - ADS

    def GetToolBar(self):
        # You will need to override GetToolBar if you are using an
        # unmanaged toolbar in your frame
        return self.toolbar

    def OnWhiz(self, evt):
        self.x += np.pi / 15
        self.y += np.pi / 20
        z = np.sin(self.x) + np.cos(self.y)

        zmax = np.max(z) - ERR_TOL
        ymax_i, xmax_i = np.nonzero(z >= zmax)
        if == 'upper':
            ymax_i = z.shape[0] - ymax_i
        self.lines[0].set_data(xmax_i, ymax_i)


    def onEraseBackground(self, evt):
        # this is supposed to prevent redraw flicker on some X servers...

class MyApp(wx.App):
    def OnInit(self):
        xrcfile = cbook.get_sample_data('embedding_in_wx3.xrc',
        print('loading', xrcfile)

        self.res = xrc.XmlResource(xrcfile)

        # main frame and panel ---------

        self.frame = self.res.LoadFrame(None, "MainFrame")
        self.panel = xrc.XRCCTRL(self.frame, "MainPanel")

        # matplotlib panel -------------

        # container for matplotlib panel (I like to make a container
        # panel for our panel so I know where it'll go when in XRCed.)
        plot_container = xrc.XRCCTRL(self.frame, "plot_container_panel")
        sizer = wx.BoxSizer(wx.VERTICAL)

        # matplotlib panel itself
        self.plotpanel = PlotPanel(plot_container)

        # wx boilerplate
        sizer.Add(self.plotpanel, 1, wx.EXPAND)

        # whiz button ------------------
        whiz_button = xrc.XRCCTRL(self.frame, "whiz_button")
        whiz_button.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.plotpanel.OnWhiz)

        # bang button ------------------
        bang_button = xrc.XRCCTRL(self.frame, "bang_button")
        bang_button.Bind(wx.EVT_BUTTON, self.OnBang)

        # final setup ------------------
        sizer = self.panel.GetSizer()


        return True

    def OnBang(self, event):
        bang_count = xrc.XRCCTRL(self.frame, "bang_count")
        bangs = bang_count.GetValue()
        bangs = int(bangs) + 1

if __name__ == '__main__':
    app = MyApp(0)

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.000 seconds)

Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery