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matplotlib.pyplot.arrow(x, y, dx, dy, hold=None, **kwargs)

Add an arrow to the axes.

Draws arrow on specified axis from (x, y) to (x + dx, y + dy). Uses FancyArrow patch to construct the arrow.


x : float

X-coordinate of the arrow base

y : float

Y-coordinate of the arrow base

dx : float

Length of arrow along x-coordinate

dy : float

Length of arrow along y-coordinate


a : FancyArrow

patches.FancyArrow object

Other Parameters:

Optional kwargs (inherited from FancyArrow patch) control the arrow

construction and properties:

Constructor arguments

width: float (default: 0.001)

width of full arrow tail

length_includes_head: [True | False] (default: False)

True if head is to be counted in calculating the length.

head_width: float or None (default: 3*width)

total width of the full arrow head

head_length: float or None (default: 1.5 * head_width)

length of arrow head

shape: [‘full’, ‘left’, ‘right’] (default: ‘full’)

draw the left-half, right-half, or full arrow

overhang: float (default: 0)

fraction that the arrow is swept back (0 overhang means triangular shape). Can be negative or greater than one.

head_starts_at_zero: [True | False] (default: False)

if True, the head starts being drawn at coordinate 0 instead of ending at coordinate 0.

Other valid kwargs (inherited from :class:`Patch`) are:

Property Description
agg_filter a filter function, which takes a (m, n, 3) float array and a dpi value, and returns a (m, n, 3) array
alpha float or None
animated bool
antialiased or aa [True | False] or None for default
capstyle [‘butt’ | ‘round’ | ‘projecting’]
clip_box a Bbox instance
clip_on bool
clip_path [(Path, Transform) | Patch | None]
color matplotlib color spec
contains a callable function
edgecolor or ec mpl color spec, None, ‘none’, or ‘auto’
facecolor or fc mpl color spec, or None for default, or ‘none’ for no color
figure a Figure instance
fill [True | False]
gid an id string
hatch [‘/’ | ‘' | ‘|’ | ‘-‘ | ‘+’ | ‘x’ | ‘o’ | ‘O’ | ‘.’ | ‘*’]
joinstyle [‘miter’ | ‘round’ | ‘bevel’]
label object
linestyle or ls [‘solid’ | ‘dashed’, ‘dashdot’, ‘dotted’ | (offset, on-off-dash-seq) | '-' | '--' | '-.' | ':' | 'None' | ' ' | '']
linewidth or lw float or None for default
path_effects AbstractPathEffect
picker [None | bool | float | callable]
rasterized bool or None
sketch_params (scale: float, length: float, randomness: float)
snap bool or None
transform Transform
url a url string
visible bool
zorder float


The resulting arrow is affected by the axes aspect ratio and limits. This may produce an arrow whose head is not square with its stem. To create an arrow whose head is square with its stem, use annotate() for example:

ax.annotate("", xy=(0.5, 0.5), xytext=(0, 0),

Examples using matplotlib.pyplot.arrow