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statistics example code: boxplot_vs_violin_demo.pyΒΆ

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# Box plot - violin plot comparison
# Note that although violin plots are closely related to Tukey's (1977) box plots,
# they add useful information such as the distribution of the sample data (density trace).
# By default, box plots show data points outside 1.5 x the inter-quartile range as outliers
# above or below the whiskers wheras violin plots show the whole range of the data.
# Violin plots require matplotlib >= 1.4.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

fig, axes = plt.subplots(nrows=1, ncols=2, figsize=(12, 5))

# generate some random test data
all_data = [np.random.normal(0, std, 100) for std in range(6, 10)]

# plot violin plot
axes[0].set_title('violin plot')

# plot box plot
axes[1].set_title('box plot')

# adding horizontal grid lines
for ax in axes:
    ax.set_xticks([y+1 for y in range(len(all_data))])

# add x-tick labels
plt.setp(axes, xticks=[y+1 for y in range(len(all_data))],
         xticklabels=['x1', 'x2', 'x3', 'x4'])

Keywords: python, matplotlib, pylab, example, codex (see Search examples)