from pylab import *
from matplotlib.collections import LineCollection
# In order to efficiently plot many lines in a single set of axes,
# Matplotlib has the ability to add the lines all at once. Here is a
# simple example showing how it is done.
N = 50
x = arange(N)
# Here are many sets of y to plot vs x
ys = [x+i for i in x]
# We need to set the plot limits, they will not autoscale
ax = axes()
ax.set_xlim((amin(x),amax(x)))
ax.set_ylim((amin(amin(ys)),amax(amax(ys))))
# colors is sequence of rgba tuples
# linestyle is a string or dash tuple. Legal string values are
# solid|dashed|dashdot|dotted. The dash tuple is (offset, onoffseq)
# where onoffseq is an even length tuple of on and off ink in points.
# If linestyle is omitted, 'solid' is used
# See matplotlib.collections.LineCollection for more information
line_segments = LineCollection([list(zip(x,y)) for y in ys], # Make a sequence of x,y pairs
linewidths = (0.5,1,1.5,2),
linestyles = 'solid')
line_segments.set_array(x)
ax.add_collection(line_segments)
fig = gcf()
axcb = fig.colorbar(line_segments)
axcb.set_label('Line Number')
ax.set_title('Line Collection with mapped colors')
sci(line_segments) # This allows interactive changing of the colormap.
show()