You are reading an old version of the documentation (v1.4.0). For the latest version see

Previous topic

animation example code:

Next topic

animation example code:

This Page

animation example code: rain.pyΒΆ

[source code]

Rain simulation

Simulates rain drops on a surface by animating the scale and opacity
of 50 scatter points.

Author: Nicolas P. Rougier
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from  matplotlib.animation import FuncAnimation

# Create new Figure and an Axes which fills it.
fig = plt.figure(figsize=(7,7))
ax = fig.add_axes([0, 0, 1, 1], frameon=False)
ax.set_xlim(0,1), ax.set_xticks([])
ax.set_ylim(0,1), ax.set_yticks([])

# Create rain data
n_drops = 50
rain_drops = np.zeros(n_drops, dtype=[('position', float, 2),
                                      ('size',     float, 1),
                                      ('growth',   float, 1),
                                      ('color',    float, 4)])

# Initialize the raindrops in random positions and with
# random growth rates.
rain_drops['position'] = np.random.uniform(0, 1, (n_drops, 2))
rain_drops['growth'] = np.random.uniform(50, 200, n_drops)

# Construct the scatter which we will update during animation
# as the raindrops develop.
scat = ax.scatter(rain_drops['position'][:,0], rain_drops['position'][:,1],
                  s=rain_drops['size'], lw=0.5, edgecolors=rain_drops['color'],

def update(frame_number):
    # Get an index which we can use to re-spawn the oldest raindrop.
    current_index = frame_number % n_drops

    # Make all colors more transparent as time progresses.
    rain_drops['color'][:, 3] -= 1.0/len(rain_drops)
    rain_drops['color'][:,3] = np.clip(rain_drops['color'][:,3], 0, 1)

    # Make all circles bigger.
    rain_drops['size'] += rain_drops['growth']

    # Pick a new position for oldest rain drop, resetting its size,
    # color and growth factor.
    rain_drops['position'][current_index] = np.random.uniform(0, 1, 2)
    rain_drops['size'][current_index] = 5
    rain_drops['color'][current_index] = (0, 0, 0, 1)
    rain_drops['growth'][current_index] = np.random.uniform(50, 200)

    # Update the scatter collection, with the new colors, sizes and positions.

# Construct the animation, using the update function as the animation
# director.
animation = FuncAnimation(fig, update, interval=10)

Keywords: python, matplotlib, pylab, example, codex (see Search examples)