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Colormap Normalizations CustomΒΆ

Demonstration of using norm to map colormaps onto data in non-linear ways.

../../_images/sphx_glr_colormap_normalizations_custom_001.png
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import matplotlib.colors as colors
from matplotlib.mlab import bivariate_normal

N = 100
'''
Custom Norm: An example with a customized normalization.  This one
uses the example above, and normalizes the negative data differently
from the positive.
'''
X, Y = np.mgrid[-3:3:complex(0, N), -2:2:complex(0, N)]
Z1 = (bivariate_normal(X, Y, 1., 1., 1.0, 1.0))**2  \
    - 0.4 * (bivariate_normal(X, Y, 1.0, 1.0, -1.0, 0.0))**2
Z1 = Z1/0.03

# Example of making your own norm.  Also see matplotlib.colors.
# From Joe Kington: This one gives two different linear ramps:


class MidpointNormalize(colors.Normalize):
    def __init__(self, vmin=None, vmax=None, midpoint=None, clip=False):
        self.midpoint = midpoint
        colors.Normalize.__init__(self, vmin, vmax, clip)

    def __call__(self, value, clip=None):
        # I'm ignoring masked values and all kinds of edge cases to make a
        # simple example...
        x, y = [self.vmin, self.midpoint, self.vmax], [0, 0.5, 1]
        return np.ma.masked_array(np.interp(value, x, y))
#####
fig, ax = plt.subplots(2, 1)

pcm = ax[0].pcolormesh(X, Y, Z1,
                       norm=MidpointNormalize(midpoint=0.),
                       cmap='RdBu_r')
fig.colorbar(pcm, ax=ax[0], extend='both')

pcm = ax[1].pcolormesh(X, Y, Z1, cmap='RdBu_r', vmin=-np.max(Z1))
fig.colorbar(pcm, ax=ax[1], extend='both')

plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.078 seconds)

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