matplotlib
Fork me on GitHub


Travis-CI:

Related Topics

This Page

Box plots with custom fill colorsΒΆ

This plot illustrates how to create two types of box plots (rectangular and notched), and how to fill them with custom colors by accessing the properties of the artists of the box plots. Additionally, the labels parameter is used to provide x-tick labels for each sample.

A good general reference on boxplots and their history can be found here: http://vita.had.co.nz/papers/boxplots.pdf

../../_images/sphx_glr_boxplot_color_001.png
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# Random test data
np.random.seed(19680801)
all_data = [np.random.normal(0, std, size=100) for std in range(1, 4)]
labels = ['x1', 'x2', 'x3']

fig, axes = plt.subplots(nrows=1, ncols=2, figsize=(9, 4))

# rectangular box plot
bplot1 = axes[0].boxplot(all_data,
                         vert=True,  # vertical box alignment
                         patch_artist=True,  # fill with color
                         labels=labels)  # will be used to label x-ticks
axes[0].set_title('Rectangular box plot')

# notch shape box plot
bplot2 = axes[1].boxplot(all_data,
                         notch=True,  # notch shape
                         vert=True,  # vertical box alignment
                         patch_artist=True,  # fill with color
                         labels=labels)  # will be used to label x-ticks
axes[1].set_title('Notched box plot')

# fill with colors
colors = ['pink', 'lightblue', 'lightgreen']
for bplot in (bplot1, bplot2):
    for patch, color in zip(bplot['boxes'], colors):
        patch.set_facecolor(color)

# adding horizontal grid lines
for ax in axes:
    ax.yaxis.grid(True)
    ax.set_xlabel('Three separate samples')
    ax.set_ylabel('Observed values')

plt.show()

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.135 seconds)

Gallery generated by Sphinx-Gallery